Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphatase

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phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphatase
Identifiers
EC number 3.1.3.67
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.67) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate + H2O phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate + phosphate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate and H2O, whereas its two products are phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate and phosphate.

This enzyme class belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those acting on phosphoric monoester bonds, the systematic name of this enzyme class is 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphohydrolase. Other names in common use include PTEN,[citation needed] MMAC1, and phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphohydrolase. PTEN also refers to a member of the class, phosphatase and tensin homolog.[citation needed] This enzyme class participates in 10 metabolic pathways: inositol phosphate metabolism, phosphatidylinositol signaling system, p53 signaling pathway, focal adhesion, tight junction, endometrial cancer, glioma, prostate cancer, melanoma, and small cell lung cancer. It employs one cofactor, magnesium.

References[edit]

  • Kabuyama Y, Nakatsu N, Homma Y, Fukui Y (1996). "Purification and characterization of the phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate phosphatase in bovine thymus". Eur. J. Biochem. 238 (2): 350–6. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1996.0350z.x. PMID 8681945. 
  • Maehama T, Dixon JE (1998). "The tumor suppressor, PTEN/MMAC1, dephosphorylates the lipid second messenger, phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate". J. Biol. Chem. 273 (22): 13375–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.22.13375. PMID 9593664.