Phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphatase

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phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphatase
Identifiers
EC number 3.1.3.64
CAS number 124248-47-1
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.64) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate + H2O 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol + phosphate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate and H2O, whereas its two products are 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol and phosphate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those acting on phosphoric monoester bonds, the systematic name of this enzyme class is 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-3-phosphate 3-phosphohydrolase. Other names in common use include inositol-1,3-bisphosphate 3-phosphatase, inositol 1,3-bisphosphate phosphatase, inositol-polyphosphate 3-phosphatase, D-myo-inositol-1,3-bisphosphate 3-phosphohydrolase, and phosphatidyl-3-phosphate 3-phosphohydrolase. This enzyme participates in inositol phosphate metabolism and phosphatidylinositol signaling system.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, two structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1LW3 and 1M7R.

References[edit]

  • Lips DL, Majerus PW (1989). "The discovery of a 3-phosphomonoesterase that hydrolyzes phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate in NIH 3T3 cells". J. Biol. Chem. 264 (33): 19911–5. PMID 2555336. 
  • Caldwell KK, Lips DL, Bansal VS, Majerus PW (1991). "Isolation and characterization of two 3-phosphatases that hydrolyze both phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate and inositol 1,3-bisphosphate". J. Biol. Chem. 266 (27): 18378–86. PMID 1655747.