1. FC Schweinfurt 05
|Full name||1. Fussball-Club Schweinfurt 1905, Verein für Leibesübungen e.V.|
Die Schnüdel |
|Founded||5 May 1905|
|Capacity||15,060 (860 seated)|
|League||Regionalliga Bayern (IV)|
1. Fussball-Club Schweinfurt 1905, Verein für Leibesübungen e.V., called 1. FC Schweinfurt 05, Schweinfurt 05, or simply FC 05, is a German association football club established in Schweinfurt (Bavaria) in 1905. It has sections for netball, fistball, field hockey, badminton, gymnastics, rugby, American football, futsal, and athletics.
The club is well-known nationally and even internationally due to successful years in top and second tier football leagues from the 1930s to the 1970s. During the late 1930s, Schweinfurt's midfielders Albin Kitzinger and Andreas Kupfer, today considered as two of the best half-back players of all time, formed the core of the Germany national football team and represented their country at the 1938 FIFA World Cup and within the FIFA selection Europe XI.
The FC 05 first team, which since the 2013–14 season competes in the tier-four Regionalliga Bayern, is organized within 1. FC Schweinfurt 1905 Fußball GmbH. The club plays its home games at Willy-Sachs-Stadion in Schweinfurt.
- 1 History
- 2 Honours
- 3 Seasons
- 4 DFB-Pokal appearances
- 5 Stadium
- 6 Players
- 7 Managers
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Early years: 1905–1931
The football club was founded on 5 May 1905 and played in the local leagues until beginning of the First World War. At that time the home games were held at Hutrasen south of river Main, which later became the venue of local competitor VfR 07 Schweinfurt. In 1919, Schweinfurt 05 had to move to a new court near Ludwigsbrücke and became member of the tier-one Kreisliga Nordbayern, but relegated after its first season. The team attempted a merger with Turngemeinde Schweinfurt von 1848, which lasted from 1921 to 1923, before the two groups parted ways again and the football division became 1. Fussball-Club Schweinfurt 1905, Verein für Leibesübungen e.V.
While FC 05 did not reap the expected benefits from the brief union, it improved dramatically after re-establishing itself as an independent club. Membership grew significantly and a number of new sports departments were formed within the organization. The football team yielded its first fruits in 1927 by winning the Unterfranken Cup Championship.
Years of excellence: 1931–1963
Schweinfurt 05 finally gained first class status again with its entry into the Bezirksliga Bayern in 1931. The club had a couple of successful seasons in the Gauliga era, winning the top-flight Gauliga Bayern in 1939 and 1942 and qualifying for the German football championship round.
Schweinfurt made a semi-final appearance in the 1936 Tschammerpokal, when they lost 2–3 to FC Schalke 04, the closest it ever came to winning a national title. Again in 1936, the club moved into its newly constructed stadium, the Willy-Sachs-Stadion, a donation by local industrialist and patron Willy Sachs.
At that time, FC 05 midfielders Albin Kitzinger and Andreas 'Ander' Kupfer became renowned in international football as they formed one of the best half-back duos in Europe. Kitzinger and Kupfer were an essential part of the famous Germany national team who defeated Denmark 8–0 in Breslau (Poland) on 16 May 1937. One year later they competed at the 1938 FIFA World Cup, and were both called up to represent Germany within the selection Europe XI in the game against England at Highbury in London.
Due to the Second World War, Schweinfurt 05 merged with Luftwaffen SV Schweinfurt into KSG Schweinfurt for the 1943–44 and 1944–45 Gauliga seasons. The club temporarily had been dissolved in May 1945 under pressure from the occupying powers.
After World War II, the re-established 1. FC Schweinfurt 05 was integrated into the first tier Oberliga Süd. The club played in the Oberliga for the duration of the league's existence until the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional league, was founded in 1963. Schweinfurt reached the round of the last sixteen of the 1954–55 DFB-Pokal, where the team lost 0–1 in the replay against FC Schalke 04.
In 1950, Andreas Kupfer became the first captain of the West Germany national football team during his very final 44th appearance. FC 05 goalkeeper Günter Bernard made two West Germany appearances in 1962, before he joined Bundesliga founding member SV Werder Bremen one year later and was named in Germany's squad for the 1966 FIFA World Cup.
Second tier years: 1963–1976
As it did not qualify for the newly established Bundesliga in 1963, Schweinfurt 05 found itself playing in the second tier Regionalliga Süd. In the 1965–66 season, the club became Southern German champion and made it to the Bundesliga advancement games, but was unable to ascend to the top tier.
With the introduction of the 2. Bundesliga in 1974, Schweinfurt was founding member of the southern division despite only finishing 15th in the last Regionalliga year. For its first 2. Bundesliga season in 1974–75, the club had signed-up former national team striker and Bundesliga top scorer Lothar Emmerich. The team earned an excellent third place and barely missed the advancement games to ascend to Bundesliga.
Yo-yo years: 1976–2012
After the 1974–75 season, FC 05 began to falter: poor results and financial problems saw the club descend first to the Bayernliga (III) and then, for the first time in 1983, to the Landesliga Bayern-Nord (IV). Schweinfurt 05 became a yo-yo club ascending and descending between tiers III and IV, with just a pair of brief 2. Bundesliga appearances in 1990–91 and in 2001–02. In the 1989–90 season the team made it into the last sixteen of the DFB-Pokal, where it lost 0–2 to Eintracht Braunschweig.
Disasters happened in 2004 when FC Schweinfurt 05 was forced to leave the Regionalliga Süd (III) because of financial reasons, and in 2005 when the club went bankrupt. The results in the Bayernliga (IV) were annulled and the team was relegated to the fifth tier Landesliga.
A re-structured club successfully worked its way back into Bayernliga in 2008. After it was relegated again to the Landesliga in 2009, the team returned to the Bayerliga immediately the following year. At the end of the 2011–12 season the club managed to qualify for the promotion round to the new Regionalliga Bayern (IV) and advanced to the second round, where the club missed out on promotion.
Recent years: 2012–today
The club finally earned direct promotion to tier-four Regionalliga Bayern in the 2012–13 season by taking the championship in the Bayernliga northern division. Schweinfurt's first three Regionalliga years, however, were characterized by a permanent struggle against relegation. FC Schweinfurt 05 finished the 2013–14 Regionalliga with a relegation play-off rank only courtesy of a controversial final game of the season. The team turned a 1–3 deficit into a 4–3 win with three goals in the last four minutes of the game, and successfully defended its league place in the following relegation round. The club again managed to avoid relegation only very tightly during the following two seasons.
In 2016, the FC 05 first team was spun off into 1. FC Schweinfurt 1905 Fußball GmbH. By means of the reorganization, the club established professional structures that shall pave the way back to higher leagues.
Schweinfurt actually experienced an upturn in the 2016–17 season and finished 8th in Regionalliga Bayern. In addition, the team succeeded in winning the Bavarian Cup after a 1–0 victory over SV Wacker Burghausen in the final, combined with qualification for the 2017–18 DFB-Pokal.
In the 2017–18 Regionalliga, Schweinfurt was not able to jeopardize the championship of TSV 1860 München, which had been relegated directly from 2. Bundesliga to Regionalliga Bayern after the 2016–17 season due to a missing license for 3. Liga. The club finally finished 3rd, where striker Adam Jabiri became 2017–18 Regionalliga Bayern top scorer (28 goals). 1. FC Schweinfurt 05 defeated 2. Bundesliga club SV Sandhausen 2–1 in the 2017–18 DFB-Pokal first round, but then lost 0–4 to later cup winner SG Eintracht Frankfurt. In the same season, Schweinfurt 05 successfully defended the Bavarian Cup after a 3–1 victory over league competitor SpVgg Oberfranken Bayreuth in the final, and qualified for the 2018–19 DFB-Pokal.
- The 1944–45 Gauliga Bayern season operated in five regional divisions. It is unknown whether any of the season's games were played in the Lower Franconia (German: Unterfranken) division.
- With the introduction of the Bezirksoberligas in 1988 as the new fifth tier, below the Landesligas, all leagues below dropped one tier. With the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 and the 3. Liga in 2008 as the new third tier, below the 2. Bundesliga, all leagues below dropped one tier. With the establishment of the Regionalliga Bayern as the new fourth tier in Bavaria in 2012 the Bayernliga was split into a northern and a southern division, the number of Landesligas expanded from three to five and the Bezirksoberligas were abolished. All leagues from the Bezirksligas onward were elevated one tier.
|2011–12||Kreisliga Schweinfurt 1||VIII||9th|
|2012–13||Kreisliga Schweinfurt 1||1st ↑|
|2013–14||Bezirksliga Unterfranken-Ost||VII||1st ↑|
|2016–17||Landesliga Bayern-Nordwest||1st ↑|
|2017–18||Bayernliga Nord||V||16th ↓|
|↑ Promoted||↓ Relegated|
|1935||First round||1 September 1935||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||SV 08 Steinach||4–0||1,500|
|Second round||22 September 1935||PSV Chemnitz||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||4–2||7,000|
|1936||First round||14 June 1936||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||FC Hanau 93||4–0||2,000|
|Second round||28 June 1936||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||SV 1898 Feuerbach||5–2||1,500|
|Last sixteen||6 September 1936||TSG Ulm 1846||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||2–4||3,000|
|Quarter-finals||25 October 1936||SV Waldhof Mannheim||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||1–2||10,000|
|Semi-finals||8 November 1936||FC Schalke 04||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||3–2||7,000|
|1939||First round||20 August 1939||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||SC Wacker Wien||2–3 (a.e.t.)||2,500|
|1942||First round||20 July 1942||FC Hanau 93||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||2–1||2,000|
|1943||First round||12 September 1943*||KSG Schweinfurt||1. FC Nürnberg||2–4||5,000|
|1954–55||First round||15 August 1954||Tennis Borussia Berlin||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||2–4||20,000|
|Last sixteen||26 September 1954||FC Schalke 04||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||1–1 (a.e.t.)||5,000|
|7 October 1954||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||FC Schalke 04||0–1†||7,000|
|1967–68||First round||27 January 1968||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||Eintracht Frankfurt||1–2 (a.e.t.)||10,000|
|1968–69||First round||22 January 1969||Arminia Hannover||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||4–0||3,174|
|1971–72||First round||4 December 1971||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||Eintracht Frankfurt||1–0||10,000|
|15 December 1971||Eintracht Frankfurt||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||6–1‡||3,000|
|1974–75||First round||7 September 1974||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||1. FC Kaiserslautern||3–4||14,000|
|1975–76||First round||2 August 1975||Tennis Borussia Berlin||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||2–0||3,000|
|1976–77||First round||7 August 1976||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||FV Hassia Bingen||2–3||2,000|
|1989–90||First round||19 August 1989||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||Altonaer FC 93||1–0||2,100|
|Second round||23 September 1989||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||Blau-Weiß 90 Berlin||4–2||6,500|
|Last sixteen||11 November 1989||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||Eintracht Braunschweig||0–2||12,000|
|1991–92||First round||27 July 1991||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||SV Waldhof Mannheim||1–6||2,300|
|1996–97||First round||10 August 1996||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||Hansa Rostock||2–5||5,000|
|2002–03||First round||30 August 2002||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||1. FC Union Berlin||1–2 (a.e.t.)||2,500|
|2017–18||First round||13 August 2017||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||SV Sandhausen||2–1||4,610|
|Second round||24 October 2017||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||Eintracht Frankfurt||0–4||15,060|
|2018–19||First round||17 August 2018||1. FC Schweinfurt 05||FC Schalke 04||0–2||15,060|
* Adjourned due to the war
‡ Eintracht Frankfurt won 6–2 on aggregate
In its first years, 1. FC Schweinfurt 05 played the home games at Hutrasen, the later venue of local competitor VfR 07 Schweinfurt. After the First World War, the club had to move to a court in close proximity, located at Ludwigsbrücke in Schweinfurt. With promotion to Gauliga Bayern in 1933, however, the existing venue proved to be more and more inadequate.
The club's necessity finally motivated local industrialist Willy Sachs to the donation of a football stadium to the City of Schweinfurt, where the patron designated a privileged right of use for FC Schweinfurt 05. The new Willy-Sachs-Stadion, built by German architect Paul Bonatz, was opened on 23 July 1936 in the presence of leading politicians of the Third Reich. The stadium saw its first game three days later with a 2–2 draw between Schweinfurt 05 and 1935 German champion FC Schalke 04. Attandance record was 22,500 at a friendly between Schweinfurt 05 and 1. FC Kaiserslautern in 1954.
Today, Willy-Sachs-Stadion has a capacity of 15,060, where the grandstand hosts 860 covered seats. Besides the football field, the stadium offers track and field facilities, and is equipped with a classical Marathon gate. Premises at the stadium include changing rooms for players, coaches, and referees. Speaker cabins and a press area are available in the grandstand.
The stadium has been renovated and equipped with floodlights in 2001 in order to meet the requirements for 2. Bundesliga. In addition, an electronic scoreboard was contributed by Schweinfurt's large industry. Wavebreakers have been installed on the standing rooms in 2014 to safeguard the stadium's full capacity.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Notable past players
- Albin Kitzinger (MF)
- Andreas Kupfer (MF)
- Robert Bernard (MF)
- Günter Bernard (GK)
- Lothar Emmerich (FW)
- Michael Glowatzky (FW)
- Sebastian Kneißl (MF)
- Albin Kitzinger: 44/2
- Andreas Kupfer: 44/1
- Günter Bernard: 2/0 (3 additional caps for SV Werder Bremen)
Europe XI (Caps/Goals):
|Karl Willnecker||1 July 1929||30 June 1930|
|Hans Teufel||1 July 1930||30 June 1933|
|Leonhard Seiderer||1 July 1933||30 June 1934|
|Fritz Bennöder||1 July 1934||30 June 1935|
|Hans Sauerwein||1 July 1936||30 June 1937|
|Albin Kitzinger||1 July 1945||30 June 1946|
|Kuno Krügel||1 July 1951||30 June 1952|
|Fritz Käser||1 July 1959||30 June 1963|
|Alfons Remlein||1 July 1960||30 June 1962|
|Gunther Baumann||1 July 1965||30 June 1966|
|Jenő Vincze||1 July 1967||30 June 1971|
|Kurt Koch||1 July 1971||30 June 1972|
|István Sztani||1 July 1974||30 June 1975|
|Peter Velhorn||1 July 1975||23 February 1976|
|Gunther Baumann||25 February 1976||30 June 1976|
|Rolf Lamprecht||1 July 1981||30 June 1986|
|Werner Lorant||1 July 1986||30 June 1990|
|Elmar Wienecke||1 July 1990||12 August 1990|
|Niko Semlitsch||13 August 1990||22 April 1991|
|Georg Baier||23 April 1991||30 June 1991|
|Franz Brungs||1 July 1991||17 November 1991|
|Erwin Albert||1 July 1992||30 June 1993|
|Djuradj Vasic||1 February 1994||14 September 2002|
|Hans-Jürgen Boysen||18 September 2002||18 November 2003|
|Rainer Hörgl||19 November 2003||30 June 2004|
|Rainer Ulrich||1 July 2004||31 December 2004|
|Rüdiger Mauder||1 July 2005||30 June 2006|
|Bernd Häcker||3 April 2006||30 June 2006|
|Wolfgang Hau||1 July 2006||16 January 2008|
|Werner Dreßel||17 January 2008||30 June 2008|
|Frank Lerch||1 July 2008||30 June 2009|
|Klaus Scheer||1 July 2009||19 September 2011|
|Udo Romeis||19 September 2011||30 June 2012|
|Gerd Klaus||1 July 2012||30 June 2018|
|Timo Wenzel||1 July 2018|
- "Schweinfurter DFB-Pokalspiel ausverkauft" [DFB-Pokal match sold out] (in German). www.bfv.de. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- "Breslau Elf Chronicles – Tale Of A German Wunderteam". www.thehardtackle.com. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "Football Association 75th Anniversary Celebration Match: England 3 Rest of Europe 0". www.englandfootballonline.com. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "1. FC Schweinfurt 05" (in German). www.schweinfurtfuehrer.de. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
- "1. FC Schweinfurt 05: Geschichte" [1. FC Schweinfurt 05: History] (in German). www.fcschweinfurt05.de. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
- "Willy-Sachs-Stadion Schweinfurt". www.youtube.de. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "Geschichte des FC 05 Schweinfurt" [FC Schweinfurt 05 History] (in German). www.schweinfurtfuehrer.de. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
- "Der braune Schatten" [The brown shadow] (in German). cicero.de. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
- "Gauligisten" [Gauliga clubs]. www.deutscherfussball.info. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- "Das war die Relegation 2012 auf Verbandsebene" (in German). www.fupa.net. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "'Skandal': Empörung nach Schweinfurts Aufholjagd" (in German). www.kicker.de. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Schweinfurt 05 gewinnt den Toto-Pokal 2017" [Schweinfurt 05 has won the 2017 Toto Cup]. www.bfv.de. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
- "DFB-Pokal, 2017/2018, 1. Runde". www.dfb.de. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
- "DFB-Pokal, 2017/2018, 2. Runde" (in German). www.dfb.de. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
- "DFB-Pokal, 2018/2019, 1. Runde" (in German). www.dfb.de. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
- "DFB Cup Men: 1. FC Schweinfurt 05 vs. FC Schalke 04". tv.dfb.de. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
- "Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv" [Historical German domestic league tables] (in German). www.f-archiv.de. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Fussball.de – Ergebnisse" [Tables and results of all German football leagues] (in German). www.fussball.de. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Neuausrichtung im Nachwuchsbereich: FC 05 verzichtet auf U23" [Restructuring the junior area: FC 05 gives up U23 team] (in German). www.fcschweinfurt1905.de. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- "DFB-Pokal" (in German). www.dfb.de. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
- "1. FC Schweinfurt 05: Historische Ergebnisse" [1. FC Schweinfurt 05: Result History] (in German). www.weltfussball.de. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- "Rapid Wien ist längst Vergangenheit: Wieso sich nach dem insolventen VfR 07 Schweinfurt nun auch die FSG vom Spielbetrieb abmeldete" (in German). nuus.de. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "Willy-Sachs-Stadion, 1. FC Schweinfurt 05, Fotos & Infos" (in German). stadioncheck.de. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
- "Im Schweinfurter Willy-Sachs-Stadion werden gerade die Wellenbrecher errichtet" [Wavebreakers for the Willy-Sachs-Stadion] (in German). in-und-um-schweinfurt.de. 25 September 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
- "Mannschaftskader 1. FC Schweinfurt 05" [1. FC Schweinfurt 05 Squad] (in German). fcschweinfurt1905.de. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- "1. FC Schweinfurt 05 1. Mannschaft, Herren" [1. FC Schweinfurt 05: Squad] (in German). www.fupa.net. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- "1. FC Schweinfurt 05: Trainerhistorie" (in German). www.weltfussball.de. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
- "1. FC Schweinfurt 05: Die Trainer" [1. FC Schweinfurt 05: Managers] (in German). www.mainpost.de. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
- Official club site
- The Abseits Guide to German Soccer
- 1. FC Schweinfurt 05 profile at Weltfussball.de
- Football in Bavaria at FuPa.net
- Football results at kicker.de
- Fan site (Kugellagerstadt.com)