Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie
The Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie, or VRT, is the national public-service broadcaster for the Flemish Region and Community of Belgium. It is the successor to the Nationaal Instituut voor de Radio-omroep, Belgische Radio- en Televisieomroep, the former French half changed its name to RTBF in 1977, while the Dutch side retained the BRT name until becoming BRTN in 1991. However, the two broadcasters share production facilities on Auguste Reyerslaan in Brussels, television channels are transmitted on, Astra satellite on TV Vlaanderen Digitaal, an encrypted pay satellite service. Eén, the channel, formerly known as VRT TV1. Started in 1953 on VHF channel 10, in 1977 the transmission standard changed from Belgian 625 to European CCIR) standard. Formerly took up Canvass channel from 6am to 8pm, sport programs are aired under the Sporza name but on the channels of Eén, Canvas or Ketnet. During big sport events it is not uncommon for two or more channels to simultaneously air Sporza, BRTN TV2 was launched on 26 April 1977 as BRT TV2.
BRT TV2 broadcast Terzake and Het Journaal 8 uur until Sunday,30 November 1997, on Monday 1 December 1997, BRTN TV2 was split into two channels, BRTN Ketnet and BRTN Canvas. The two channels were part of BRTN until 1998 – Canvas and Ketnet are still broadcasting as part of VRT2, oP12 ) was a channel used as backup in the event of primetime shortage. Mostly used for excess sport- and culture programs, the VRT broadcasts radio channels in both analog format and digital format. All channels are broadcast live over the Internet, international broadcasting was done via VRTs Radio Vlaanderen Internationaal
The Adventures of Nero
The Adventures of Nero or Nero was a Belgian comic strip drawn by Marc Sleen and the name of its main character. The original title ranged from De Avonturen van Detectief Van Zwam in 1947 to De Avonturen van Nero en zijn Hoed in 1950 and it ran in continuous syndication until 2002. From 1947 until 1993 it was all drawn by Sleen himself, from 1992 until 2002 Dirk Stallaert took over the drawing while Sleen kept inventing the stories. Together with Suske en Wiske and Jommeke, Nero is regarded as the Big Three of Flemish comics, the stories were noted for their satirical content, with references to politicians and celebrities of the day. With Nero, Marc Sleen holds the record of issues of a comic book series title drawn by the same author. He drew The Adventures of Nero singlehandedly from 1947 to 1992 without any assistance from other artists and this feat is even more remarkable considering he drew other comic strip series from 1947 to 1965. The series debuted in the newspaper De Nieuwe Gids in the autumn of 1947 and was written, the character was dressed in a toga with some laurel leaves behind his ears.
Near the end of the story the character regained his senses, the character proved popular and remained a friend of Van Zwam in the next stories, though everyone kept referring to him as Nero rather than by his real name. After nine stories, the series was renamed after Nero and Van Zwam became a character instead. In 1950 Sleen left De Nieuwe Gids and joined the newspaper Het Volk, during the 1940s, 1950s and 1960 The Adventures of Nero was popular enough to rival Willy Vandersteens Suske en Wiske which was published in De Standaard. In 1965 Sleen joined De Standaard too, following a dispute with his publishers. The first 53 Nero stories, which were published in black-and-white, from Het Bobobeeldje on all new Nero stories were published in De Standaard and Het Nieuwsblad, after which they were released as colour albums. Sleen continued drawing Nero for many decades, only in 1992 did he finally hire an assistant, Dirk Stallaert, to do the drawing for him, because his eyesight had become too poor.
Stallaert was promoted as Sleens successor but in 2002 he decided to leave the series in favour of Studio Vandersteen, Sleen terminated the series for good. Stallaert still draws Nero-related publicity images and merchandise, the early stories had a random length, often around 240 strips, while the latter ones had a length of 32 pages of 4 strips each. Every day, two appeared in the newspaper. The Adventures of Nero is an adventure comic strip about Nero. He and his wife, named Madam Nero by everyone, have one son, Nero has an eccentric group of friends, who often help him out or force him to set out on an adventure
Miss Universe is an annual international beauty pageant that is run by the Miss Universe Organization. Along with its rival contests, Miss World and Miss Earth and it is held in more than 190 countries worldwide and seen by more than half a billion people annually. The Miss Universe Organization and the brand is owned, along with Miss USA and Miss Teen USA. The pageant was founded in 1952 by the California-based clothing company Pacific Knitting Mills, Miss Universe Organization licenses local organizations that wish to select the Miss Universe contestant for their country, and approves the selection method for national delegates. The current Miss Universe logo – the woman with stars – was created in 1998, in September 2015, Trump bought NBCs share of the Miss Universe Organization, becoming its sole owner for three days, sold the entire company to the WME/IMG talent agency. The current Miss Universe is Iris Mittenaere of France who was crowned on 30 January 2017 in Manila, the title Miss Universe was first used by the International Pageant of Pulchritude in 1926.
This contest was held annually until 1935, when the Great Depression, the current Miss Universe pageant was founded in 1952 by Pacific Knitting Mills, a California-based clothing company and manufacturer of Catalina Swimwear. The company was the sponsor of the Miss America pageant until 1951, so in 1952 Pacific Knitting Mills organised the Miss USA and Miss Universe pageants, co-sponsoring them for decades to follow. The first Miss Universe Pageant was held in Long Beach, California in 1952 and it was won by Armi Kuusela from Finland, who gave up her title, though not officially, to get married, shortly before her year was completed. Until 1958, the Miss Universe title, like that of Miss America, was dated by the following the contest. Since its founding by Pacific Mills, the pageant has been organized and conducted by the Miss Universe Organization, eventually Pacific Mills and its subsidiaries were acquired by the Kayser-Roth Corporation, which was in turn acquired by Gulf and Western Industries.
The pageant was first televised in 1955, CBS began broadcasting the combined Miss USA and Miss Universe pageants in 1960, and as separate contests in 1965. John Charles Daly hosted the pageant from 1955 to 1966, Bob Barker from 1967 to 1987, Alan Thicke in 1988, John Forsythe in 1989, Dick Clark from 1990 to 1993, and Bob Goen from 1994 to 1996. Donald Trump bought the company, Miss Universe, Inc. in 1996 from ITT Corp. Trump struck a broadcasting arrangement with CBS for a few years. In 1998, Miss Universe, Inc. changed its name to Miss Universe Organization, in 2002 Trump entered into a joint venture with NBC, which in 2003 outbid the other networks for the TV rights. From 2003 to 2014, the pageant was broadcast in the US on NBC, as part of the legal settlement, in September 2015, Trump bought out NBCs 50% stake in the company making him the companys sole owner. Three days he sold the company to WME/IMG. Following the change of ownership, in October 2015, Fox and Azteca became the broadcaster of the Miss Universe
Public service is a service which is provided by government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly or by financing provision of services. The term is associated with a consensus that certain services should be available to all, regardless of income. Public policy when made in the publics interest and motivations can provide public services, Public service is a course that can be studied at a college or university. Examples of public services are the fire brigade, air force, Public services may be associated with fundamental human rights. The Volunteer Fire Dept. and Ambulance Corps, are institutions with the mission of servicing the community. A service is helping others with a specific need or want, service ranges from a doctor curing an illness, to a repair person, to a food pantry. Government agencies are not profit-oriented and their employees are motivated differently, studies of their work have found contrasting results including both higher levels of effort and fewer hours of work.
A survey in the UK found that private sector hiring managers do not credit government experience as much as private sector experience, Public workers tend to make less in wages when adjusting for education, although that difference is reduced when benefits and hours are included. Public workers have other benefits such as increased job security. A public service may sometimes have the characteristics of a public good, in most cases public services are services, i. e. they do not involve manufacturing of goods. They may be provided by local or national monopolies, especially in sectors which are natural monopolies and they may involve outputs that are hard to attribute to specific individual effort or hard to measure in terms of key characteristics such as quality. They often require high levels of training and education and they may attract people with a public service ethos who wish to give something to the wider public or community through their work. Historically, the provision of public services in developed countries usually began in the late nineteenth century, often with the municipal development of gas.
Later, governments began to other services such as electricity. In most developed countries such services are provided by local or national government, the biggest exceptions being the U. S. and the UK. Nonetheless, such privately provided public services are often strongly regulated, in developing countries public services tend to be much less well developed. For example, water services might only be available to the middle class. For political reasons the service is subsidized, which reduces the finance available for expansion to poorer communities
Flanders is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language and history. It is one of the communities and language areas of Belgium, the demonym associated with Flanders is Fleming, while the corresponding adjective is Flemish. The official capital of Flanders is Brussels, although Brussels itself has an independent regional government, in historical contexts, Flanders originally refers to the County of Flanders, which around AD1000 stretched from the Strait of Dover to the Scheldt estuary. In accordance with late 20th century Belgian state reforms the area was made two political entities, the Flemish Community and the Flemish Region. These entities were merged, although geographically the Flemish Community, which has a cultural mandate, covers Brussels. Flanders has figured prominently in European history, as a consequence, a very sophisticated culture developed, with impressive achievements in the arts and architecture, rivaling those of northern Italy.
Belgium was one of the centres of the 19th century industrial revolution, Flanders is generally flat, and has a small section of coast on the North Sea. Much of Flanders is agriculturally fertile and densely populated, with a density of almost 500 people per square kilometer. It touches France to the west near the coast, and borders the Netherlands to the north and east, the Brussels Capital Region is an enclave within the Flemish Region. Flanders has exclaves of its own, Voeren in the east is between Wallonia and the Netherlands and Baarle-Hertog in the consists of 22 exclaves surrounded by the Netherlands. It comprises 6.5 million Belgians who consider Dutch to be their mother tongue, the political subdivisions of Belgium, the Flemish Region and the Flemish Community. The first does not comprise Brussels, whereas the latter does comprise the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of Brussels, the political institutions that govern both subdivisions, the operative body Flemish Government and the legislative organ Flemish Parliament.
The two westernmost provinces of the Flemish Region, West Flanders and East Flanders, forming the central portion of the historic County of Flanders, a feudal territory that existed from the 8th century until its absorption by the French First Republic. Until the 1600s, this county extended over parts of France, one of the regions conquered by the French in Flanders, namely French Flanders in the Nord department. French Flanders can be divided into two regions, Walloon Flanders and Maritime Flanders. The first region was predominantly French-speaking already in the 1600s, the latter became so in the 20th century, the city of Lille identifies itself as Flemish, and this is reflected, for instance, in the name of its local railway station TGV Lille Flandres. The region conquered by the Dutch Republic in Flanders, now part of the Dutch province of Zeeland, the significance of the County of Flanders and its counts eroded through time, but the designation remained in a very broad sense. In the Early modern period, the term Flanders was associated with the part of the Low Countries
Alternatively, a gameshow can be a demonstrative program about a game. In the former, contestants may be invited from a pool of public applicants, on some shows, contestants compete against other players or another team, while other shows involve contestants playing alone for a reward or a high score. Game shows often reward players with prizes such as cash and goods and services provided by the shows sponsor prize suppliers, One of the reasons that television broadcasters make game shows is because they are substantially less costly than producing scripted drama shows. Some TV game shows fall under the category of reality television, Television game shows descended from similar programs on radio. The very first television show, Spelling Bee, was broadcast in 1938. Truth or Consequences was the first game show to air on commercially licensed television and its first episode aired in 1941 as an experimental broadcast. Over the course of the 1950s, as began to pervade the popular culture. Daytime game shows would be played for lower stakes to target stay-at-home housewives, higher-stakes programs would air in primetime.
During the late 1950s, high-stakes games such as Twenty One, the rise of quiz shows proved to be short-lived. In 1959, many of the higher stakes game shows were discovered to be rigged, an early variant of the game show, the panel game, survived the quiz show scandals. On shows like Whats My Line, ive Got A Secret and To Tell The Truth, panels of celebrities would interview a guest in an effort to determine some fact about them, in others, celebrities would answer questions. Panel games had success in primetime until the late 1960s, when they were dropped from television because of their perceived “low budget” nature. Panel games made a comeback in American daytime television in the 1970s through comedy-driven shows such as Match Game, mock the Week, QI and 8 Out of 10 Cats, all of which put a heavy emphasis on comedy, leaving the points as mere formalities. The focus on quick-witted comedians has resulted in ratings, which. Game shows remained a fixture of US daytime television through the 1960s after the quiz show scandals, lower-stakes games made a slight comeback in daytime in the early 1960s, examples include Jeopardy.
Which began in 1964 and the version of The Match Game first aired in 1962. Lets Make a Deal began in 1963 and the 1960s marked the debut of Hollywood Squares, The Dating Game, though CBS gave up on daytime game shows in 1968, the other networks did not follow suit. Color television was introduced to the game genre in the late 1960s on all three networks