1000 Friends of Oregon

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1000 Friends of Oregon
Founded October 11, 1974; 43 years ago (1974-10-11)[1]
Legal status 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization
Headquarters Portland, Oregon[2]
Kurt Koehler[3]
Russ Hoeflich[4]
Revenue (2016)
Expenses (2016) $858,595[2]
Endowment $2,874,004[2]
Employees (2016)
Volunteers (2016)
Website www.friends.org

1000 Friends of Oregon is a private, non-profit 501(c)(3) organization that advocates for sustainable communities, protection of farmland and forests, and conservation of natural areas and resources in the U.S. state of Oregon with a focus on land-use planning. It was incorporated on October 11, 1974,[1] following the creation of Oregon's statewide land-use system in 1973 by then-governor Tom McCall and attorney Henry Richmond.[5] By 1994, the organization had about 2,500 contributors and supporters.[6] Richmond served as the organization's first executive director.

Richmond was succeeded as executive director in later years by Robert Liberty (in 1994),[6] Bob Stacey (2002–09),[7] Jason Miner[8] (March 2010 to Nov. 2016), and Russ Hoeflich[4] (April 2017).

Current initiatives[edit]

The group's current work falls into three broad categories: advocating for vibrant, climate-friendly communities and neighborhoods, promoting Oregon's rural economy through policy and planning with the Healthy Rural Economies initiative, and an effort to foster future leadership in Oregon's land use community through the Land Use Leadership Initiative.[9] The group carries out this work through its Portland headquarters and three regional offices, working statewide with cities and counties and at the Oregon legislature.

Past initiatives[edit]

During the 1980s, one of the group's ongoing activities was fighting what it saw as improper land-use by the rapidly growing community of Rajneeshpuram, created in a rural part of central Oregon by the followers of the guru Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh.[6][10] Bob Stacey, the group's senior staff attorney at the time, recalled in 2018 that "if incorporation was a loophole to urbanize a rural area, any development entity could move 150 people onto a site, hold an election, and approve an annexation."[11]

Measures 37 and 49[edit]

The group strongly opposed Measure 37, a controversial land-use ballot initiative passed by Oregon voters in 2004. 1000 Friends brought litigation in 2005 that led to Measure 37's being ruled unconstitutional by a circuit court,[12] but the ruling was later overturned by the Oregon Supreme Court. The organization then advocated, successfully, for the passage of 2007's Measure 49, which limited the impacts of Measure 37.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "1000 Friends of Oregon". Corporation Division. Oregon Secretary of State. Accessed on January 19, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax". 1000 Friends of Oregon. Guidestar. April 19, 2018.
  3. ^ "Board of Directors". 1000 Friends of Oregon. Retrieved August 12, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Staff & Offices". 1000 Friends of Oregon. Retrieved August 12, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Howe, Deborah. "1000 Friends of Oregon". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c Beggs, Charles E. (June 19, 1994). "1,000 Friends of Oregon Keep Eye on Land Use, Growth". The Los Angeles Times. (Associated Press). Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  7. ^ Mortenson, Eric (October 8, 2010). "Metro race between Tom Hughes, Bob Stacey boils down to nuances in policy". The Oregonian. Retrieved August 12, 2017. 
  8. ^ Mortenson, Eric (March 19, 2010). "1000 Friends of Oregon names new director". The Oregonian. Archived from the original on March 30, 2010. Retrieved March 23, 2010. 
  9. ^ Mortenson, Eric (November 4, 2011). "For 1000 Friends of Oregon, land-use legacy is a flame that needs tending". The Oregonian. Retrieved August 12, 2017. 
  10. ^ Zaitz, Les (April 14, 2011). "25 years after Rajneeshee commune collapsed, truth spills out – Part 1 of 5". The Oregonian. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  11. ^ Marchi-Young, Alyson (March 29, 2018). "Rajneeshpuram and 1000 Friends: A Slice of Oregon History". 1000 Friends of Oregon. Retrieved April 19, 2018. 
  12. ^ "Judge rules Measure 37 unconstitutional". Portland Business Journal. October 14, 2005. Retrieved August 12, 2017. 

External links[edit]