100 metres at the World Championships in Athletics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
100 metres
at the World Championships in Athletics
Leichtathletik WM 2013 Moskau 100 m Vorlauf.jpg
The heats of the men's 100 m in 2013
Overview
Gender Men and women
Years held Men: 19832017
Women: 19832017
Championship record
Men 9.58 Usain Bolt (2009)
Women 10.70 Marion Jones (1999)
Reigning champion
Men  Justin Gatlin (USA)
Women  Tori Bowie (USA)
Carmelita Jeter winning the 2011 women's 100 m world title

The 100 metres at the World Championships in Athletics has been contested by both men and women since the inaugural edition in 1983. It is the second most prestigious 100 m title after the 100 metres at the Olympics. The competition format typically has two or three qualifying rounds leading to a final between eight athletes, since 2011 a preliminary round has been held, where athletes who have not achieved the qualifying standard time compete to enter the first round proper.

The championship records for the event are 9.58 seconds for men, set by Usain Bolt in 2009, and 10.70 seconds for women, set by Marion Jones in 1999. The men's world record has been broken or equalled at the competition three times: by Carl Lewis in 1987 and 1991, and by Usain Bolt in 2009.[1] Ben Johnson ran faster than Lewis in 1987, but his record was subsequently annulled due to doping.[2] Lewis's mark, which equalled the standing record at the time, was never officially ratified by the IAAF as a world record, the women's world record has never been beaten at the championships.

Carl Lewis, Maurice Greene and Usain Bolt are the most successful male athletes of the event, having each won three titles. Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce is the most successful female athlete of the event as the only woman to win three titles. Merlene Ottey and Carmelita Jeter are the only athletes to have claimed four medals in the history of the World Championships event.

The United States is the most successful nation in the discipline, having won fifteen gold medals. Jamaica are a clear second with six gold medals. East Germany, with two, is the only other nation to have won multiple titles.

Age[edit]

  • All information from IAAF[3]
Distinction Male athlete Age Female athlete Age
Youngest champion Yohan Blake 21 years, 245 days Katrin Krabbe 21 years, 278 days
Youngest medalist Darrel Brown 18 years, 318 days Katrin Krabbe 21 years, 278 days
Youngest participant Darren Tuitt 15 years, 153 days Tehani Kirby 14 years, 5 days
Oldest champion Justin Gatlin 35 years
Oldest medalist Kim Collins 35 years, 145 days Merlene Ottey 35 years, 89 days
Oldest participant Troy Douglas 38 years, 248 days Merlene Ottey 47 years, 108 days

Doping[edit]

Canada's Ben Johnson and Angella Taylor-Issajenko were both disqualifed from the 1987 World Championships in Athletics for doping. Johnson's 100 m gold was removed, elevating Carl Lewis to world champion. Taylor-Issajenko finished fifth in the women's 100 m final. At the following edition in 1991, Irina Slyusar of the Soviet Union (a women's semi-finalist) was disqualified for doping. Eight years passed without incident in the 100 m before the double Nigerian doping disqualification of Innocent Asonze and Davidson Ezinwa in 1999.[4]

Tim Montgomery became the 100 m second medalist to be disqualified, losing his silver medal from the 2001 World Championships in Athletics. From the same event, Marion Jones later lost her silver medal for doping infractions, becoming the first female medalist to be stripped of a 100 m medal. Venolyn Clarke and Kelli White (a women's finalist) were also disqualified that year. The results of Dwain Chambers and Mongomery, fourth and fifth in 2003, were removed for doping. Two women's medalists were stripped of their honours for doping Kelli White lost the world title while Zhanna Block had her bronze medal removed. Block's times from the 2005 edition were also annulled,[4] these disqualifications were a result of the BALCO scandal, which included many 100 m runners.

No doping offences were recorded at the 2007 World Championships 100 metres, but bans shortly returned, with Ruqaya Al-Ghasra being banned from the 2009 edition and a female trio of Inna Eftimova, Semoy Hackett and Norjannah Hafiszah Jamaludin being disqualified in 2011.[4] The 2013 World Championships saw one elimination in Masoud Azizi.[5]

Among the men's world champions, only Donovan Bailey and Usain Bolt have not been implicated in doping during their careers. Three-time champion Maurice Greene never failed a drug test, but admitting purchasing drugs on other athletes behalf.[6]

Medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Calvin Smith (USA)  Emmit King (USA)
1987 Rome
details
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Raymond Stewart (JAM)  Linford Christie (GBR)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Leroy Burrell (USA)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Linford Christie (GBR)  Andre Cason (USA)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Bruny Surin (CAN)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
1997 Athens
details
 Maurice Greene (USA)  Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Tim Montgomery (USA)
1999 Seville
details
 Maurice Greene (USA)  Bruny Surin (CAN)  Dwain Chambers (GBR)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Maurice Greene (USA)  Bernard Williams (USA)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Kim Collins (SKN)  Darrel Brown (TRI)  Darren Campbell (GBR)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Justin Gatlin (USA)  Michael Frater (JAM)  Kim Collins (SKN)
2007 Osaka
details
 Tyson Gay (USA)  Derrick Atkins (BAH)  Asafa Powell (JAM)
2009 Berlin
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Tyson Gay (USA)  Asafa Powell (JAM)
2011 Daegu
details
 Yohan Blake (JAM)  Walter Dix (USA)  Kim Collins (SKN)
2013 Moscow
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Nesta Carter (JAM)
2015 Beijing
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Trayvon Bromell (USA)
 Andre De Grasse (CAN)
2017 London
details
 Justin Gatlin (USA)  Christian Coleman (USA)  Usain Bolt (JAM)

Multiple medalists[edit]

Rank Athlete Nation Championships Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Bolt, UsainUsain Bolt  Jamaica (JAM) 2009–2017 3 0 1 4
2= Lewis, CarlCarl Lewis  United States (USA) 1983–1991 3 0 0 3
2= Greene, MauriceMaurice Greene  United States (USA) 1997–2001 3 0 0 3
4 Gatlin, JustinJustin Gatlin  United States (USA) 2005–2017 2 2 0 4
5= Bailey, DonovanDonovan Bailey  Canada (CAN) 1995–1997 1 1 0 2
5= Gay, TysonTyson Gay  United States (USA) 2007–2009 1 1 0 2
7 Collins, KimKim Collins  Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN) 2003–2011 1 0 2 3
8 Christie, LinfordLinford Christie  Great Britain (GBR) 1987–1993 1 0 1 2
9 Surin, BrunyBruny Surin  Canada (CAN) 1995–1999 0 2 0 2
10= Mitchell, DennisDennis Mitchell  United States (USA) 1991–1993 0 0 2 2
10= Boldon, AtoAto Boldon  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 1995–2001 0 0 2 2
10= Powell, AsafaAsafa Powell  Jamaica (JAM) 2007–2009 0 0 2 2

Medalists by country[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 9 9 5 23
2  Jamaica (JAM) 4 2 4 10
3  Canada (CAN) 1 3 1 5
4=  Great Britain (GBR) 1 0 3 4
4=  Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN) 1 0 3 3
6  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 0 1 2 3
7  Bahamas (BAH) 0 1 0 1

Women[edit]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Marlies Oelsner-Göhr (GDR)  Marita Koch (GDR)  Diane Williams (USA)
1987 Rome
details
 Silke Gladisch-Möller (GDR)  Heike Daute-Drechsler (GDR)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Katrin Krabbe (GER)  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Gail Devers (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Gwen Torrence (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Irina Privalova (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
 Marion Jones (USA)  Zhanna Pintusevich (UKR)  Savatheda Fynes (BAH)
1999 Seville
details
 Marion Jones (USA)  Inger Miller (USA)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Zhanna Pintusevich-Block (UKR)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)  Chandra Sturrup (BAH)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Torri Edwards (USA)  Chandra Sturrup (BAH)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Lauryn Williams (USA)  Veronica Campbell (JAM)  Christine Arron (FRA)
2007 Osaka
details
 Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Lauryn Williams (USA)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser (JAM)  Kerron Stewart (JAM)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2011 Daegu
details
 Carmelita Jeter (USA)  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Kelly-Ann Baptiste (TRI)
2013 Moscow
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Murielle Ahouré (CIV)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Dafne Schippers (NED)  Tori Bowie (USA)
2017 London
details
 Tori Bowie (USA)  Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)  Dafne Schippers (NED)

Multiple medalists[edit]

Rank Athlete Nation Championships Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Fraser-Pryce, Shelly-AnnShelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  Jamaica (JAM) 2009–2015 3 0 0 3
2 Jones, MarionMarion Jones  United States (USA) 1997–1999 2 0 0 2
3 Campbell-Brown, VeronicaVeronica Campbell-Brown  Jamaica (JAM) 2005–2011 1 2 0 3
4 Torrence, GwenGwen Torrence  United States (USA) 1991–1995 1 1 1 3
5= Block, ZhannaZhanna Block  Ukraine (UKR) 1997–2001 1 1 0 2
5= Williams, LaurynLauryn Williams  United States (USA) 1991–1995 1 1 0 2
7 Jeter, CarmelitaCarmelita Jeter  United States (USA) 2007–2013 1 0 3 4
8 Bowie, ToriTori Bowie  United States (USA) 2015-2017 1 0 1 2
9 Ottey, MerleneMerlene Ottey  Jamaica (JAM) 1987–1995 0 2 2 4
10 Thanou, EkateriniEkaterini Thanou  Greece (GRE) 1999–2003 0 1 2 3
11= Sturrup, ChandraChandra Sturrup  Bahamas (BAH) 2001–2003 0 1 1 2
11= Schippers, DafneDafne Schippers  Netherlands (NED) 2015–2017 0 1 1 2

Medalists by country[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 9 3 6 18
2  Jamaica (JAM) 4 5 2 11
3  East Germany (GDR) 2 2 0 4
4  Ukraine (UKR) 1 1 0 0
5  Germany (GER) 1 0 0 0
6  Ivory Coast (CIV) 0 2 0 2
7=  Bahamas (BAH) 0 1 2 3
7=  Greece (GRE) 0 1 2 3
9  Netherlands (NED) 0 1 1 2
10=  France (FRA) 0 0 1 1
10=  Russia (RUS) 0 0 1 1
10=  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 0 0 1 1

Championship record progression[edit]

Men[edit]

Men's 100 metres World Championships record progression[7]
Time Athlete Nation Year Round Date
10.64 Watson, LukeLuke Watson  Great Britain (GBR) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
10.38 Núñez, JuanJuan Núñez  Dominican Republic (DOM) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
10.34 Lewis, CarlCarl Lewis  United States (USA) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
10.31 Williams, DesaiDesai Williams  Canada (CAN) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
10.30 Smith, CalvinCalvin Smith  United States (USA) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
10.24 Peñalver, LeandroLeandro Peñalver  Cuba (CUB) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
10.20 Lewis, CarlCarl Lewis  United States (USA) 1983 Quarter-finals 1983-08-07
10.07 Lewis, CarlCarl Lewis  United States (USA) 1983 Final 1983-08-08
10.03 Lewis, CarlCarl Lewis  United States (USA) 1987 Semi-finals 1987-08-30
9.83 WR[dq1] Johnson, BenBen Johnson  Canada (CAN) 1987 Final 1987-08-30
9.93 WR= Lewis, CarlCarl Lewis  United States (USA) 1987 Final 1987-08-30
9.93 Lewis, CarlCarl Lewis  United States (USA) 1991 Semi-finals 1991-08-25
9.86 WR Lewis, CarlCarl Lewis  United States (USA) 1991 Final 1991-08-25
9.86 Greene, MauriceMaurice Greene  United States (USA) 1997 Final 1997-08-03
9.80 Greene, MauriceMaurice Greene  United States (USA) 1999 Final 1999-08-22
9.58 WR Bolt, UsainUsain Bolt  Jamaica (JAM) 2009 Final 2009-08-16
  • dq1 Ben Johnson's winning time of 9.83 broke the championship record and was a new world record, but it was retrospectively annulled due to doping.[2]

Women[edit]

Women's 100 metres World Championships record progression[8]
Time Athlete Nation Year Round Date
11.26 Antonova, OlgaOlga Antonova  Soviet Union (URS) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
11.24 Koch, MaritaMarita Koch  East Germany (GDR) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
11.23 Williams, DianeDiane Williams  United States (USA) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
11.15 Ashford, EvelynEvelyn Ashford  United States (USA) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
11.11 Ashford, EvelynEvelyn Ashford  United States (USA) 1983 Quarter-finals 1983-08-07
11.05 Göhr, MarliesMarlies Göhr  East Germany (GDR) 1983 Semi-finals 1983-08-08
10.99 Ashford, EvelynEvelyn Ashford  United States (USA) 1983 Semi-finals 1983-08-08
10.97 Göhr, MarliesMarlies Göhr  East Germany (GDR) 1983 Final 1983-08-08
10.95 Drechsler, HeikeHeike Drechsler  East Germany (GDR) 1987 Semi-finals 1987-08-30
10.90 Möller, SilkeSilke Möller  East Germany (GDR) 1987 Semi-finals 1987-08-30
10.87 Ottey, MerleneMerlene Ottey  Jamaica (JAM) 1993 Semi-finals 1993-08-16
10.87 Torrence, GwenGwen Torrence  United States (USA) 1993 Semi-finals 1993-08-16
10.82 Devers, GailGail Devers  United States (USA) 1993 Final 1993-08-16
10.82 Ottey, MerleneMerlene Ottey  Jamaica (JAM) 1993 Final 1993-08-16
10.76 Jones, MarionMarion Jones  United States (USA) 1999 Quarter-finals 1999-08-21
10.70 Jones, MarionMarion Jones  United States (USA) 1999 Final 1999-08-22

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

Specific[edit]

  1. ^ IAAF World Championships: IAAF Statistics Handbook Daegu 2011, pp. 595–6 (archived). IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
  2. ^ a b Thomsen, Ian (1997-08-09). Kipketer Glides to Victory. New York Times. Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
  3. ^ Butler 2013, p. 35–7.
  4. ^ a b c Butler 2013, p. 67–9.
  5. ^ More than 1900 blood samples collected – Moscow 2013. IAAF (2013-09-20). Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
  6. ^ I.A.A.F. Seeks an Explanation From Greene About Drug Allegations. New York Times (2008-04-17). Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
  7. ^ Main > Men, 100 m > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
  8. ^ Main > Women, 100 m > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.

External links[edit]