100 mm air defense gun KS-19

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100 mm air defense gun KS-19
KS-19.jpg
KS-19 in Saint Petersburg Artillery Museum.
Type Air defense gun
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
Wars Korean war
Vietnam war
Production history
Designer L. V. Lulyev
Specifications
Weight 9,550 kg (21,054 lbs)
Length 9.45 m (31 ft)
Barrel length 5.7 m (18 ft 8 in)[1]
Width 2.35 m (7 ft 8 in)
Height 1.60 m (5 ft 3 in)
Crew 15

Shell Fixed QF 100×695 mm. R[1]
Caliber 100 mm (3.94 in)
Breech Semi-automatic horizontal sliding wedge[1]
Elevation −3°/+85
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 15 rounds per minute
Muzzle velocity 900-1,000 m/s
Maximum firing range Horizontal: 21 km (13 mi)
Vertical: 12,700 m (41,667 ft) timed fuse.
15,000 m (49,213 ft) proximity fuse.

100 mm air defense gun KS-19 (Russian: 100-мм зенитная пушка КС-19) was a Soviet anti-aircraft gun. Following the end of the Second World War the Soviet Union introduced into service the 100 mm KS-19 and 130 mm KS-30.

The KS-19 is a heavy towed anti aircraft gun that has largely disappeared from front line arsenals due to increased use of more effective surface-to-air missiles. Being a towed weapon an external form of mobility was required, usually an AT-S Medium or AT-T Heavy tracked artillery tractor, the 15 man crew were carried on the tractor along with ready use ammunition for the gun.[2] Ammunition was loaded as a single round into the loading tray and a well trained crew could fire 15 rounds maximum per minute.[2]

Anti Aircraft ammunition includes high explosive, high explosive fragmentation and fragmentation types, the KS-19's onboard sights can be used to engage air targets; however increased accuracy was achieved if used in conjunction with a fire control radar such as the SON 9 (NATO Reporting name 'Fire Can') and PUAZO-6/19 director.[2]

As the KS-19 is a heavy calibre Anti-Aircraft gun it also has some utility in the ground role especially against armored targets, as a result of this two armor piecing rounds were produced: the AP-T (Armour Piercing-Tracer) and APC-T (Armour Piercing Capped-Tracer) with the AP-T round reportedly able to penetrate 185 mm of armor at 1000 m.[2]

The KS-19 was used in action by communist forces in both Korea and Vietnam.

Recently[when?] Iran has built an upgraded automatic version of KS-19 named Sa'ir.[3]

Operators[edit]

Current operators

Former operators

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Foss, Christopher (1977). Jane's pocket book of towed artillery. New York: Collier. p. 257. ISBN 0020806000. OCLC 911907988. 
  2. ^ a b c d Bishop C and Drury I. The Encyclopedia of World Military Power (1988). Temple Press/Aerospace publishing.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-26. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  4. ^ Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces#Towed artillery
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ IISS 2007, p.236
  7. ^ Military Factory
  8. ^ Trade Registers. Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved on 12 June 2015
  9. ^ Equipment of the Syrian Army#Towed anti-aircraft artillery
  10. ^ Military Factory
  11. ^ Military Factory
  12. ^ Military Factory
  13. ^ Military Factory
  14. ^ Military Factory

External links[edit]