100th (Prince of Wales's Royal Canadian) Regiment of Foot

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100th (Prince of Wales's Royal Canadian) Regiment of Foot
100th regiment cap badge.jpg
Badge of the 100th (Prince of Wales's Royal Canadian) Regiment of Foot
Active 1858–1881
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Line Infantry
Role Light Infantry
Size One battalion
Garrison/HQ Crinkill Barracks, Birr, County Offaly
Colors Blue Facings,
March Quick: Slow:

The 100th (Prince of Wales's Royal Canadian) Regiment of Foot was a British Army, raised in 1858. Under the Childers Reforms it amalgamated with the 109th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Infantry) to form the Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians) in 1881.

History[edit]

General Henry Dundas, 3rd Viscount Melville, first colonel of the regiment

The regiment, which was named after Prince Albert Edward, the future King Edward VII, was raised in Canada, to create extra military resources following the Indian Rebellion, in June 1858.[1] It embarked for England later that year and was posted to Gibraltar in 1863 but moved to Malta later in the year,[2] it returned to Canada in 1866 and took part in the ceremony for the inauguration of the Dominion of Canada on 1 July 1867, before returning to England in 1868.[3]

In 1875 it was declared the successor to the 100th Regiment of Foot (Prince Regent's County of Dublin Regiment), which had served in Canada, and allowed to use the battle honour Niagara.[1] It embarked for Bengal in India in 1877.[2]

As part of the Cardwell Reforms of the 1870s, where single-battalion regiments were linked together to share a single depot and recruiting district in the United Kingdom, the 100th was linked with the 109th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Infantry), and assigned to district no. 67 at Crinkill Barracks in Birr, County Offaly.[4] On 1 July 1881 the Childers Reforms came into effect and the regiment amalgamated with the 109th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Infantry) to form the Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians).[1]

Battle honours[edit]

Battle honours won by the regiment were:[1]

Colonels of the Regiment[edit]

Colonels of the Regiment were: [1]

100th (or Prince of Wales's Royal Canadian) Regiment of Foot

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "100th (or Prince of Wales's Royal Canadian) Regiment of Foot". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 12 July 2006. Retrieved 17 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "100th (Prince of Wales's Royal Canadian) Regiment of Foot: Locations". Archived from the original on 16 July 2006. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  3. ^ "100th (Prince of Wales's Royal Canadian) Regiment of Foot". National Army Museum. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "Training Depots". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 10 February 2006. Retrieved 16 October 2016.