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William de Leftwich Dodge

William de Leftwich Dodge was an American artist best known for his murals, which were commissioned for both public and private buildings. Dodge was born at Virginia in the Piedmont near Lynchburg. In 1879, his mother, Mary de Leftwich Dodge, an aspiring artist, moved her family to Europe. After living in Munich they moved to Paris, where she worked on art. Dodge followed her example and became an artist, he spent most of his childhood years in France. He studied at the École des Beaux Arts and took first place in the examinations in 1881, he studied under Jean-Léon Gérôme and with Raphaël Collin at the Académie Colarossi, traveled to Munich for studies there. Dodge received early commissions that gained him attention in the United States, first at the Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago where his mural "Glorification of the Arts and Sciences" adorned the interior dome of the Administration Building, he was living in Paris when he applied for commissions for mural works for the Library of Congress, which he completed in 1895.

This work enabled him to marry Francesca Theodora Bland Pryor, daughter of Sara Agnes Rice Pryor and Roger Atkinson Pryor of Virginia and New York. Her mother was a civic author who published several books in the early 1900s, he died at his New York City home at 52 West 9th Street in Manhattan. He is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery in The New York City. After he and his family settled in New York, Dodge taught at the Art Students League of New York and at Cooper Union, he became known as a muralist when the genre was at a peak of popularity, commissioned for major public buildings as well as hotels and mansions. Murals were seen as a kind of art. Dodge drew on a variety of styles for his murals, settling on a neoclassical look. Achieving success with commissions for his murals, in 1906 Dodge designed the classical Villa Francesca, named after his wife, as their family home in Setauket, Long Island. In his private work, Dodge's paintings show the influence of Fauvism. Toward the end of his career, Dodge became interested in Mayan art.

His work is held in the permanent collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the National Academy of Design. Dodge's important mural work includes: murals for the Administration Building dome, designed by Richard Morris Hunt, at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago murals for the Thomas Jefferson Building, Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. circa 1895 History of Canada murals for the King Edward Hotel, Ontario, the subject of a landmark artists' rights lawsuit, 1903 murals for the Onondaga County Court House, New York, 1904 four lobby murals for the Astor Hotel, depicting Ancient and Modern New York, 1904 zodiac ceiling mosaic and other work, at the Surrogate's Courthouse, New York City, circa 1905 mural for the Algonquin Hotel, New York, 1906 works for a number of New York hotels and theaters, including three murals and the color scheme for the Fulton Theatre/Helen Hayes Theatre, architects Herts & Tallant, 1911 "Atlantic and Pacific", one of several murals he made for the Panama Pacific International Exposition, San Francisco, 1915 six murals for Buffalo City Hall, New York.

Two large murals in the main entrance hall represent the city's role as a border city, while four murals at the end of hallways show the city's work in "Charity," "Protection," "Education," and "Construction." Completed 1931. Ceiling murals of battle scenes, Governor's Reception Room, New York State Capitol, New York three murals in the Great Reading Room, Seerley Hall at the University of Northern Iowa; the first is called In Memoriam, the second Education, the third is a combination of three paintings, called The Glory and Grandeur of Iowa. The three sections of the third are known as Agriculture, The Council of Indians, The Commonwealth; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.. New International Encyclopedia. New York: Dodd, Mead. Biography and photograph, Smithsonian American Art Museum site], links to more works Dodge paintings at the Library of Congress Works by William de Leftwich Dodge at Project Gutenberg

Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer

The Filmfare Best Female Playback Award is given by Filmfare as part of its annual Filmfare Awards for Hindi films, to recognise a female playback singer who has delivered an outstanding performance in a film song. Although the award ceremony was established in 1954, the category for best playback singer was introduced in 1959; the award was common for both male and female singers until 1967. The category was divided the following year, since there have been two awards presented for male and female singers separately. Asha Bhosle, Alka Yagnik with seven wins each, hold the record for most awards in this category. Shreya Ghoshal has won the award six times. Lata Mangeshkar, Anuradha Paudwal and Kavita Krishnamurthy have won the award four times. Bhosle won the award in a record of four consecutive years, followed by the three consecutive wins of Paudwal and Yagnik, respectively. Two singers have achieved the feat of receiving all the nominations of this category in a particular year: Asha Bhosle was the single nominee in 1973, having all the three nominations to her credit, Alka Yagnik was the single nominee in 1994, having all the five nominations to her credit, one of which she shared—and jointly won—with Ila Arun.

Yagnik's five nominations in that year give her the record for the most Best Female Playback Singer nominations in a single year. In 1971, Lata Mangeshkar made the unusual gesture of not having her name be considered for the Filmfare Best Female Playback Award, in order to promote fresh talent. After receiving her seventh award in 1979, Asha Bhosle emulated her elder sister and requested that her name not be considered for the nominations thereafter. There have been ties for two consecutive years between 2010 and 2011; until the award was not divided up for different gender Lata Mangeshkar was the only artist to win and be nominated for this award. She is the earliest recipient of this award in 1959. Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle were the most successful singers in 60s with two wins each. Bhosle continued her domination in the 70s with five wins. In 80s no singer dominated the epoch however in 90s Anuradha Paudwal and Kavita Krishnamurthy both had three wins each. Alka Yagnik and Shreya Ghoshal garnered four wins each in the 2000s.

Rekha Bhardwaj and Shreya Ghoshal are leading the 2010s with two wins each. Alka Yagnik holds the record of getting nominated for consecutively 14 years from 1992 till 2005, resulting in 33 nominations and 6 wins, followed by Shreya Ghoshal getting nominated consecutively for 11 years from 2006 to 2016 that resulted in 3 wins and 17 nominations. In 1959, the award category for Best Playback Singer was first instituted after Lata Mangeshkar refused to perform the song "Rasik Balma Se Dil Kyon Lagaya" from the film Chori Chori by Shankar Jaikishan at the 3rd Filmfare Awards. Mangeshkar became the first recipient of this award. Separate awards for male and female singers were introduced from 1968. Note: The category for Best Playback Singer was established in 1959, until 1967 both male and female singers used to compete for a single award. Filmfare Award for Best Male Playback Singer Filmfare Awards Cinema of India Filmfare Nominees and Winners Filmfare Awards Best Female Playback Singer