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1030

Year 1030 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. Emperor Romanos III Argyros decides to retaliate upon the incursions of the Muslims on the eastern frontier, he leads an Byzantine expeditionary force to secure Antioch. The Mirdasid emir Shibl al-Dawla Nasr of Aleppo sues for peace, but Romanos refuses to negotiate and leads his army against Aleppo, against the advice of his generals; the Byzantine army encamps near Azaz, where they are encircled by the Mirdasids' Bedouin troops, who cut off the Byzantines from food and water. On 10 August, Romanos orders a retreat to Antioch; as the army is exhausted from the heat and the lack of supplies, the retreat soon turns into a flight in panic. Romanos returns to Constantinople in humiliation but his generals on the eastern frontier manage to salvage the situation: a Fatimid attack on Maraqiya is repulsed, Azaz itself is captured in December after a brief siege. In April/May 1031, Emir Nasr of Aleppo agreed to tributary status with Byzantium.

June – Emperor Conrad II leads an invasion into Hungary. He plunders the lands west of the River Rába, but suffers from consequences of the scorched earth tactics used by the Hungarians. Conrad, threatened by starvation, is forced to retreat back to Germany. King Stephen I pursues his forces, which are captured by the Hungarians at Vienna. July 29 – Battle of Stiklestad: King Olaf II Haraldsson attempts to reconquer Norway with help from King Anund Jakob of Sweden, he is defeated by Danish army. Olaf is killed in the battle, he is canonized and becomes the patron saint of Norway and Rex perpetuum Norvegiae; the first mention is made of Tartu, Estonia, as Grand Prince Yaroslav I of Novgorod and Kiev defeats the Chuds, founds a fort named Yuryev. The first mention is made of Thalwil, derived from Tellewilare, indicates the early medieval origins of Thalwil as an Alemannic farmstead. Henry I revolts against his father King Robert II in a civil war over property. Robert's army is defeated, he retreats to Beaugency.

April 30 – Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni dies after a 28-year reign. He is succeeded by his son Mas'ud I who seizes the throne of the Ghaznavid Empire, which includes much of Afghanistan and India. Ouyang Xiu, a Chinese historian and scholar, obtains his jinshi degree at the age of 23, by passing the imperial examinations in the country, leading him into a distinguished path as a scholar-official. July 21 – Kyansittha, king of the Pagan Empire July 26 – Stanislaus of Szczepanów, bishop of Kraków Adelaide of Eilenburg, German noblewoman Anne of Kiev, French queen and regent Baldwin VI, count of Flanders Bruno of Cologne, founder of the Carthusian Order Gerard, duke of Lorraine Gertrude of Saxony, countess of Holland Manegold of Lautenbach, German priest Romanos IV, emperor of the Byzantine Empire Vsevolod I Yaroslavich, Grand Prince of Kiev Walter of Pontoise, French abbot William of Hirsau, German abbot January 10 – Thietmar, margrave of the Saxon Ostmark January 31 – William V, duke of Aquitaine March 10 – Welf II, German nobleman April 30 – Mahmud of Ghazni, Ghaznavid emir July 19 – Adalberon, French bishop and poet July 29 Bjørn Stallare, Norwegian servant and diplomat Olaf II Haraldsson, king of Norway Torstein Knarresmed, Norwegian Viking warrior Al-Musabbihi, Fatimid historian and official Cú Mara mac Maic Liac, Irish poet and Chief Ollam Fan Kuan, Chinese landscape painter Gormflaith ingen Murchada, Irish queen Krešimir III, king of Croatia Miskawayh, Persian official and philosopher Ogive of Luxembourg, countess of Flanders Skapti Þóroddsson, Icelandic lawspeaker and skald Tadg in Eich Gil, king of Connacht William IV, count of Provence

Bluffton High School (Indiana)

Bluffton High School is a public high school located in Bluffton, United States. Bluffton uses four class periods of one hour and twenty-five minutes each, as opposed to the seven-period system used at other schools. Bluffton offers various honors, AP, dual-credit classes in social studies, science and English. Dual-credit engineering and vocational classes are offered. Along with most Indiana high schools, Bluffton has adopted a credit system called Core 40, requiring 40 credits — four years of English, three years of math, social studies, science, ten to twelve elective credits, plus two semesters of physical education, a credit in health education. Bluffton offers a more rigorous Academic Honors Diploma, which requires 47 credits, a basic one which requires 40 credits like Core 40, but lowers the bar in the Core 40 six-credit subjects to just four credits. Adam Ballinger - National Basketball Association / NCAA Verdi Karns, ragtime composer, class of 1901 Everett Scott - Major League Baseball Lukas Hunt - Division 1 Football Defensive End, Played in NFL, Played Division 1 Basketball, Played in NBA, Noble Peace Prize Recipient Hayden Nern - Greatest Quarterback to play in the ACAC, Also Greatest Basketball player in the ACAC Adam Atkins - Sheriff of Bluffton High School and patrols the restrooms for any outlawed juuler Myles Gephart aka BM-Baby-Milk - Greatest to be in the facility of Bluffton Cody Mittlestedt - Greatest athlete at Bluffton and stronger than Kain Thornton List of high schools in Indiana Bluffton High School website

List of cases of the Supreme Court of Pakistan

This is an index of lists of cases decided by the Supreme Court of Pakistan. These lists are sorted chronologically by Chief Justice and include all notable cases decided by the court. Articles exist for all cases. In Molvi Tamizuddin Khan case, the Supreme Court headed by Chief Justice Mohammad Munir backed Governor General Ghulam Mohammad's action to dissolve the first Constitutional Assembly; this judgement of Supreme Court is always criticized by all democratic parties of Pakistan and is referred as a root cause of unstable democracy in Pakistan.needs citation pld 1955 fc 240 The Federal Court announced in the main Constitutional Case'Usif Patel and 2 others versus The Crown', PLD 1955 Federal Court 387, that the governor general had no capacity to make provisions to the Constitution of Pakistan. After this decision of the Federal Court the nation confronted Constitutional emergency, more prominent than when the governor general had dissolved the Constituent Assembly, but the decision was expressly limited to Governor General's powers under section 42 of the Government of India act, 1935.

In Dosso's case, the Pakistan Supreme Court used jurist Hans Kelsen's theory that a revolution can be justified when the basic norm underlying a Constitution disappears and a new system is put in its place. When revolution came the old system will be replaced with new system In the famous case of Asma Jilani, a detailed history of the Martial law in the British days has been mentioned and its comparison has been made with the past days. Two appeals were filed in the case, one by Miss Asma Jilani in the Punjab High Court for the release of her father Malik Ghulam Jilani, the other by Mrs Zarina Gohar in the Sindh High Court for the release of her husband Altaf Gohar under Article 98 of the Constitution of Pakistan 1962; the detention of Malik Ghulam Jilani and Altaf Gohar had been made under the Martial Law Regulation No.78 of 1971, challenged in Lahore and Sindh High Courts respectively. Both the High Courts held that they had no jurisdiction over it because clause 2 of the Jurisdiction of Courts Order No.3 of 1969 barred the courts from questioning the validity of any act done under the Martial Law Regulation No.78 of 1971.

Asma Jilani appealed to Supreme Court of Pakistan where it was that this country was not a foreign country, invaded by any army with General Yahya khan as its head, nor was it an alien territory, occupied by the said army. Martial Law could not have arisen in the circumstances. Pakistan had Holy Qur ` an and the Objectives Resolution. Therefore, martial law was never superior to the Constitution. Supreme Court further held that Yahya khan was neither a victor nor Pakistan was an occupied territory and thus declared him a'usurper' and all his actions were declared illegal; when Asma Jilani case's judgment was released, Yahya Khan was not in power and it was Bhutto's Martial Law and he was the civillian Chief Martial Law Administrator and the President. Asma Jilani's case paved the way for the restoration of democracy in the country; this case was followed by the interim Constitution of 1972 and by the permanent Constitution of 1973. Due to the judicial pronouncement in the case of Asma Jilani, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was compelled to remove the Martial law.

On November 10, 1977 the Supreme Court unanimously validated the imposition of martial law, under the doctrine of necessity. The law of necessity recognized and upheld by Pakistan's highest judicial body has proved an honorable protection for military adventure in civil government.it was the illegal action called law of necessity.. In Federation of Pakistan v Saifullah Khan case, the Supreme Court, held that the dismissal of Mohammad Khan Junejo's government by General Zia in May 1988 was unconstitutional but it refused to restore the National Assembly. On 6 August 1990, President Ghulam Ishaq Khan, under Article 58 of the constitution, had dissolved the National Assembly and the government of Benazir Bhutto; the said dissolution order was challenged. The Supreme Court, by majority, upheld the dissolution of the National Assembly. Reference P L D 1992 SC 646 During Nawaz Sharif's government, the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional several anti-terrorist laws, including the 1997 Anti-Terrorism Act subsequently amended in October 1998.

On 3 November 2007, Chief of the Army Staff declared emergency in Pakistan. The emergency suspended the constitution. A seven panel bench issued a unanimous two-page order declaring the action illegal; the bench consisted of: Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry Justice Rana Bhagwandas Justice Javed Iqbal Justice Mian Shakirullah Jan Justice Nasirul Mulk Justice Raja Fayyaz Justice Ghulam Rabbani On 24 November 2007, a seven panel bench of newly constituted supreme court, after imposition of PCO, validated the imposition of emergency and the promulgation of the Provisional Constitution Order issued by the Chief of the Army Staff. The bench consisted of: Chief Justice Abdul Hameed Dogar Justice Ejazul Hassan Justice Muhammad Qaim Jan Khan Justice Muhammad Moosa K Laghari Justice Chaudhry Ejaz Yousaf Justice Muhammad Akhtar Shabbir Justice Zia Pervez On July 31, 2009, The Supreme Court of Pakistan declared the steps taken on November 3, 2007 by former president Pervez Musharraf as illegal and unconstitutional under the Article 279 of the Constitution.

The Supreme Court unanimously held that electoral disqualificat