1030s

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
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The 1030s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1030, and ended on December 31, 1039.

Events[edit]

1030

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
  • Battle of Azaz: Emperor Romanos III (Argyros) decides to retaliate upon the incursions of the Muslims on the eastern frontier. He leads an Byzantine expeditionary force (20,000 men) to secure Antioch. Emir Shibl al-Dawla Nasr sues for peace, but Romanos refuses to negotiate. The Byzantine army invades Syria and encampes in Azaz (near Aleppo). There, they are encircled by the Arabs (Mirdasids) who cut off the Byzantines from food and water. Romanos orders a retreat to Antioch. As the army is exhausted from the heat and the lack of supplies, the retreat soon turns into a flight in panic – with probably 10,000 killed.[1]
Europe[edit]
  • June – Emperor Conrad II (the Elder) leads a invasion into Hungary. He plunders the lands west of the River Rába, but suffers from consequences of the scorched earth tactics used by the Hungarians. Conrad, threatened by starvation, is forced to retreat back to Germany. King Stephen I pursues his forces, which are defeated and captured by the Hungarians at Vienna.
  • July 29Battle of Stiklestad: King Olaf II Haraldsson (St. Olaf) attemps to reconquer Norway with help from King Anund Jakob of Sweden. He is defeated by an superior Norwegian peasant and Danish army (14,000 men). Olaf is killed in the battle, he is later canonized and becomes the patron saint of Norway and Rex perpetuum Norvegiae ('the eternal king of Norway').
  • The first mention is made of Tartu, Estonia, as Grand Prince Yaroslav I (the Wise) of Novgorod and Kiev defeats the Chuds, and founds a fort named Yuryev (modern-day Tartu).[2]
  • The first mention is made of Thalwil, Switzerland, which is derived from Tellewilare, and indicates the early medieval orgins of Thalwil as an Alemannic farmstead.
  • Henry I revolts against his father King Robert II (the Pious) in a civil war over power and property. Robert's army is defeated, and he retreats to Beaugency.
Asia[edit]

1031[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Middle East[edit]

1032[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

1033[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

1034[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Asia[edit]
Africa[edit]
  • The Pisans take Annaba on the Maghribi coast, and occupy the city for one year.[8]

1035[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

1036[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
China[edit]
Japan[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

1037[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Asia[edit]

1038[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Asia[edit]

1039[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shepard, Jonathan (2010). "Azaz, Battle near", p. 102. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology, Volume 1. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-533403-6.
  2. ^ Tvauri, Andres (2012). The Migration Period, Pre-Viking Age, and Viking Age in Estonia. pp. 33, 59, 60. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  3. ^ Moriceau, Jean-Marc (2011) L'Homme contre le loup. Une guerre de deux mille ans, Paris, Fayard.
  4. ^ "The Apocalyptic Dossier: 967-1033". Boston University. Boston University Center for Millennial Studies. 
  5. ^ Landes, Richard. "Introduction to Apocalypticism and Millennialism". Catholic Resources for Bible, Liturgy, Art, and Theology. 
  6. ^ "A Brief History of the Apocalypse". www.abhota.info. Retrieved 2017-05-07. 
  7. ^ Revelation Chapter 20
  8. ^ Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique: De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 50. 
  9. ^ Benvenuti, Gino (1985). Le Repubbliche Marinare. Amalfi, Pisa, Genova e Venezia. Rome: Newton & Compton Editori. p. 42. ISBN 88-8289-529-7. 
  10. ^ Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie, cœur du Maghreb classique: De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 50. 
  11. ^ History of Song (1346).
  12. ^ Parker, Philip (2010). World History. Dorling Kindersley Limited. p. 430. ISBN 9781405352574. 
  13. ^ Panton, James (2011). Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy. Scarecrow Press. p. 16. ISBN 9780810874978. 
  14. ^ Stalls, Clay (1995). Possessing the land: Aragon's expansion into Islam's Ebro frontier under Alfonso the Battler, 1104-1134. Brill. p. viii. ISBN 90-04-10367-8. 
  15. ^ Constable, Giles (2008). Three Treatises From Bec on the Nature of Monastic Life. University of Toronto Press. p. 28. ISBN 9781442691629.