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1034

Year 1034 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. April 11 – Emperor Romanos III is drowned in his bath, at the urging of his wife Zoë, who marries her chamberlain, elevates him to the throne of the Byzantine Empire, as Michael IV. Romanos is buried in the Church of St. Mary Peribleptos in Constantinople. Spring – Emperor Conrad II leads a German military expedition via the Rhone River into Burgundy, while two Italian armies led by Archbishop Aribert and Boniface III head over the Alps and join with Count Humbert I at Great St. Bernard Pass. March – Conrad II converges his armies on Lake Lemano and defeats Count Odo II in battle at Geneva. For his assistance, Conrad grants Humbert I with the Burgundian county of Maurienne. May – King Mieszko II dies after a 6-year reign and is succeeded by his 17-year-old son Casimir I. A violent revolt spreads throughout Poland. King Sancho III of Pamplona captures León, after defeating a string of rivals, his rule now extends from the borders of Galicia in the west to the County of Barcelona in the east.

Summer – Poland is broke up into regions. Queen Richeza, Casimir I and his sisters Ryksa and Gertruda are driven into exile in Germany. November 25 – King Malcolm II dies in battle at Glamis, he is succeeded by Duncan I, son of his eldest daughter, rather than Macbeth, another grandson of his. In Al-Andalus, benefiting from the weakening of the Muslim central authority, the count of Portugal, Gonçalo Maia, conquers Montemor-o-Velho. Franche-Comté becomes subject to the Holy Roman Empire. A Pisan and Genovese fleet attack Annaba on the Maghribi coast; the city is occupied for one year. Joscelin I de Courtenay, French nobleman Khön Könchok Gyalpo, founder of Sakya Monastery February 21 – Hawise of Normandy, French duchess and regent March 21 – Ezzo, German count palatine April 11 – Romanos III, Byzantine emperor October 31 – Deokjong, ruler of Goryeo November 9 – Oldřich, duke of Bohemia November 19 – Theodoric II, margrave of Lower Lusatia November 25 – Malcolm II, king of Alba December 8 – Æthelric, English bishop Adémar de Chabannes, French monk and historian Ali ibn Hasan, Karakhanid ruler Amlaíb mac Sitriuc, Norse-Gaelic king of Dublin Bernard Roger, French nobleman Manuchihr I, Persian ruler of Shirvan Matilda of Franconia, daughter of Conrad II Mieszko II, king of Poland Qian Weiyan, Chinese politician and poet Salim ibn Mustafad, Mirdasid rebel leader Samuel ben Hofni, Jewish rabbi and writer

Mary-Russell Ferrell Colton

Mary-Russell Ferrell Colton was an American artist, educator and curator. She is one of the principal founders of the Museum of Northern Arizona, she was a member of the Philadelphia Ten, exhibiting at the group's annual shows from 1926 to 1940. She was a member of the National Association of Women Painters and Sculptors, the American Watercolor Society, the American Federation of Arts, she is known for her advocacy of the arts, Native American rights, women's rights. For her advocacy of Native American arts, she received a certificate of appreciation from the United States Department of the Interior, Indian Arts and Crafts Board in 1935. In 1982, she was inducted into the Arizona Women's Hall of Fame. Mary-Russell Ferrell was born on March 1889 in Louisville, Kentucky, she is the daughter of Elise Ferrell. Her father was known as one of the first Anglo-Americans to explore the Tenaya Canyon in what is now Yosemite National Park. After he died in 1904, Elise Ferrell remarried businessman Theodore Presser.

In 1904 at age 15, Mary-Russell Ferrell enrolled at the Philadelphia School of Design for Women, graduating in 1909 with honors. After her graduation, she opened a studio in Philadelphia, her projects included art restoration and commercial art projects. In addition to the commercial art her studio produced, Mary-Russell Ferrell showed as a member of the Philadelphia Ten's annual exhibit in Florida, the Midwest, the Eastern States of the US and Europe. On May 23, 1912, Mary-Russell Ferrell married Harold Sellers Colton, a zoology professor at the University of Pennsylvania, they had two sons, born in 1914 and Sabin born in 1917. Sabin died of valley fever in Tucson in 1924, their marriage lasted until her death. In April 1926, the Coltons moved to Arizona. During this time, she painted around the Colorado Plateau, she established the Museum of Northern Arizona. Through her writing and work as an advocate of Native American peoples and Native American arts, she made contributions to progressive education, the Indian arts and crafts movement and archeology.

Colton served as the curator of art for the Museum of Northern Arizona for 20 years. She recorded the history of the Colorado Plateau through her paintings and her MNA exhibits, she wrote two books. As an artist and the curator of art at the museum, Colton worked with Native American artists to bring recognition and acceptance of their work into the international art community. Throughout her career as an artist, Colton painted a variety of subjects including landscapes, still life and genre scenes, she is known for her sensitive portraits utilizing unusual color values. The Christian Science Monitor of September 2, 1920, printed a copy of her painting, Sunset on a Lava Field; the author wrote. One is impressed by the sense of vast remoteness that she manages to capture for these western paintings that are bringing her increasing recognition." Prominent works includeChurch at Ranchos de Taos Edmund Nequatewa Walpi Navajo Shepardess Sunset and Moonglow Lonesome Hole Sedona From Red Ledge Sunset on a Lava Field Mary-Russell Ferrell Colton: Artist and Advocate in Early Arizona.

Museum of Northern Arizona, June 17-October 28, 2012. Colton, Mary-Russell Ferrell. Hopi Dyes, Flagstaff: Museum of Northern Arizona, 1965. Colton, Mary-Russell Ferrell and Harold Sellers. "Petroglyphs, the record of a great adventure", Washington D. C. American Anthropologist, 1931. Colton, Mary-Russell Ferrell. Navajo and Hopi Dyes, Salt Lake City, Utah: Historic Indian Publishers, 1965. ISBN 978-1-883736-08-8 Colton, Mary-Russell Ferrell. Art for the schools of the Southwest, an outline for the public and Indian schools, Museum Bulletin, No. 6, Arizona, Northern Arizona Society of Science and Art, 1934. Colton, Mary-Russell Ferrell and Edmund Nequatewa. Truth of a Hopi and other clan stories of Shung-Opovi, Museum of Northern Arizona. No. 8, Arizona, Northern Arizona Society of Science and Art, 1947. Colton, Mary-Russell Ferrell. "Hopi silversmithing, its background and future", Vol. 12, No. 1, Arizona, Northern Arizona Society of Science and Art, 1939. Colton, Mary-Russell Ferrell. "Letter to the Editor", Coconino Sun, August 12, 1927.

Colton, Mary-Russell Ferrell, Harold Sellers. The Little Known Small House Ruins in the Coconino Forest, Memoirs of the American Anthropological Association Vol. 5. Lancaster, American Anthropological Association, 1918. Colton, Mary-Russell Ferrell. "Technique of Major Hopi Crafts", Museum Notes. Vol. 3, No 12. Flagstaff, Museum of Northern Arizona, 1931. History of Philadelphia Ten Arizona Women's Hall of Fame:Arizona State Library Arizona Women's Heritage Trail "Mary and Harold Colton, Founders of the Museum of Northern Arizona", KBAQ:Hearing the Century

George Markham

The Very Rev George Markham, DD served as Dean of York from 1802 and Rector of Stokesley until his death. He was born into a large clerical family, the third son of William Markham, Archbishop of York from 1776 to 1807, he received his education at Westminster School. He matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford in 1780, graduating B. A. in 1784 and M. A. in 1787. Markham served as Rector of Tattenhall as Prebendary of Bilton before becoming Dean of York, he married Elizabeth Evelyn, daughter of Sir Richard Sutton, of Norwood in 1789: the marriage was to end in divorce in 1803. Of their children: The eldest daughter, Elizabeth Frances, married Rufane Shaw Donkin, she died in Meerut in 1818, at age 28, he named Port Elizabeth in South Africa after her. Their daughter Maria married the Hon. Rev. Alfred Harris, son of James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury. After the divorce, Elizabeth Evelyn Markham was taken under the wing of her friend Laura Pulteney, 1st Countess of Bath, she inherited a substantial fortune when the Countess died in 1808.

She married her lover John Fawcett, adultery with whom was the basis of the divorce, he took the surname Pulteney. There were four daughters of this marriage. John Fawcett was a Christ Church, Oxford graduate, the son of Richard Fawcett of Grendon, his change of surname to Pulteney was by royal licence, in 1813. The couple had John Apsley Pulteney of the 12th Lancers, their eldest daughter Henrietta Laura Pulteney married in 1832 the Rev. Philip Gurdon, was mother of General Evelyn Pulteney Gurdon; as Elizabeth Evelyn Sutton, she was known as a landscape artist