Michelle Kettner

Michelle Kettner is a former Australian female weightlifter, competing in the 69 kg category and representing Australia at international competitions, having held Commonwealth and Australian records. She participated at the 2000 Summer Olympics in the 69 kg event, she competed at six world championships, most recent was the 1999 World Weightlifting Championships. In 2000 she became the first Australian female to snatch 100 kg and set Australian records in both the snatch and clean and jerk in that year. Michelle Kettner at Olympics at "Weightlifting - Michelle Kettner". 19 September 2000. Retrieved 26 February 2017. "Michelle Kettner Pictures and Photos". Getty Images. 13 July 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2017. "Image: Australia's Michelle Kettner sticks out her tongue at the crowd as she finishes a lift in the snatch event of the women's 69 kg weightlifting competition at the Summer Olympic Games in Sydney Tuesday, Sept. 19, 2000". Retrieved 26 February 2017.

"Telstra International Weightlifting Challenge - 69kg Snatches". YouTube. 5 November 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2017

Divine madness

Divine madness known as theia mania and crazy wisdom, refers to unconventional, unexpected, or unpredictable behavior linked to religious or spiritual pursuits. Examples of divine madness can be found in Hellenism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Shamanism, it is explained as a manifestation of enlightened behavior by persons who have transcended societal norms, or as a means of spiritual practice or teaching among mendicants and teachers. These behaviors may seem to be symptoms of mental illness to mainstream society, but are a form of religious ecstasy, or deliberate "strategic, purposeful activity," "by self-aware individuals making strategic use of the theme of madness in the construction of their public personas". According to June McDaniel and other scholars, divine madness is found in the history and practices of many cultures and may reflect religious ecstasy or expression of divine love. Plato in his Phaedrus and his ideas on theia mania, the Hasidic Jews, Eastern Orthodoxy, Western Christianity, Sufism along with Indian religions all bear witness to the phenomenon of divine madness.

It is not the ordinary form of madness, but a behavior, consistent with the premises of a spiritual path or a form of complete absorption in God. DiValerio notes that comparable "mad saint" traditions exist in Buddhist, Hindu and Christian cultures, but warns against "flights of fancy" that too draw comparisons between these various phenomena. Feuerstein lists Zen-poet Han-shan as one of the divinely mad, explaining that when people would ask him about Zen, he would only laugh hysterically; the Zen master Ikkyu used to run in his town with a human skeleton to spread the message of the impermanence of life and the grim certainty of death. According to Feuerstein, similar forms of abnormal social behavior and holy madness is found in the history of the Christian saint Isadora and the Sufi Islam storyteller Mulla Nasruddin. Divine madness has parallels such as Judaism and Hinduism. Theia mania is a term used by Plato and his protagonist Socrates to describe a condition of "divine madness" in the Platonic dialogue Phaedrus.

In this work, dating from around 370 BC, Socrates' character describes this state of divine inspiration as follows: In such families that accumulated vast wealth were found dire plagues and afflictions of the soul, for which mania devised a remedy, inasmuch as the same was a gift from the gods, if only to be rightly frenzied and possessed, using proper atonement rituals." Plato further described Divine Madness as a gift of the gods, with Socrates stating in Phaedrus, "in fact the best things we have comes from madness", expounds upon the concept in Plato's Ion. In eastern cultures, it has been deployed as a catalyst and means for the deeper understanding of spiritual concepts; the poet Virgil, in his Aeneid, describes the Delphian priestess as prophesying in a frenzied state:...neither her face nor hue went untransformed. Taller to their eyes, sounding no longer mortal, she prophesied what was inspired from The God breathing near, uttering words not to be ignored. In the classical world, the phenomenon of "love at first sight" was understood within the context of a more general conception of passionate love, a kind of madness or, as the Greeks put it, theia mania.

The 6th-century Saint Simeon, states Feuerstein, simulated insanity with skill. Simeon found a dead dog, tied a cord to the corpse's leg and dragged it through the town, outraging the people, but to Simeon the dead dog represented a form of baggage people carry in their spiritual life, he would enter the local church and throw nuts on the congregation during the liturgy, which he explained to his friend was him denouncing the hypocrisy in worldly acts and prayers. The interpretation of madness in Christianity, states Screech, adopted the Platonic belief that madness comes in two forms: bad and good, depending on the assumptions about "the normal" by the majority. Early Christians cherished madness, being called "mad" by non-Christians. To them it was "glossolalia" or the "tongue of angels". Christ's behavior and teachings were blasphemous madness in his times, according to Simon Podmore, "Christ's madness served to sanctify blasphemous madness". Religious ecstasy-type madness was interpreted as good by early Christians, with the help of the Platonic framework.

Yet, as Greek philosophy went out of favor in Christian theology, so did these ideas. In the age of Renaissance, charismatic madness regained interest and popular imagination, as did the Socratic proposal of four types of "good madness": Prophesy, the manic art. In theology, however in the Christian context, these were interpreted in part as divine rapture, an escape from the restraint of society, a frenzy for freedom of the soul. In the 20th-century, Pentecostalism – the charismatic movements within Protestant Christianity in the United States, Latin America and Africa – has encouraged the practice of divine madness among its followers; the wisdom and healing power in the possessed, in these movements, is believed to be from the Holy Spirit, a phenomenon called charism. According to Tanya Luhrmann, the associated "hearing of spiritual voices" may seem to be