Year 1040 was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. Spring – Nikephoros Dokeianos, Byzantine governor of the Catepanate of Italy, is murdered by Lombard rebels at Ascoli, he is replaced by Michael Dokeianos. The Emirate of Sicily is fragmented into small fiefdoms; the Arab nobles of Palermo restore the regime of the Kalbids. Summer – Battle of Brůdek: Duke Bretislav I of Bohemia defeats the German forces under King Henry III in the Bohemian Forest. Peter Delyan leads a rebellion against the Byzantine Empire and is proclaimed by the Bulgarian nobles as emperor Peter II in Belgrade. March 17 – King Harold Harefoot dies at Oxford at the age of 24, his illegitimate son Ælfwine Haroldsson is left in Ælfgifu of Northampton. June 17 – Harthacnut lands at Sandwich and reclaims the throne of England, taken by Harald Harefoot. August 14 – King Duncan I is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth, who succeeds him as king of Scotland. May 23 – Battle of Dandanaqan: The Turkmen Seljuqs defeat the Ghaznavid forces led by Sultan Mas'ud I at Dandanaqan, a fortress city in the desert near Merv.

Weihenstephan Abbey in Germany, founds the oldest operating brewery. The Shalu Monastery is founded by the Buddhist monk Chetsun Sherab Jungnay in Tibet. February 22 – Rashi, French rabbi and writer July 12 – Yun Gwan, Korean general Adelaide of Hungary, duchess of Bohemia Alan Rufus, Norman nobleman Alfonso VI, king of León and Castile Al-Mu'tamid ibn Abbad, Abbadid emir of Seville Arnold of Soissons, French bishop Blessed Gerard, founder of the Knights Hospitaller Bonfilius, bishop of Foligno Conrad I, count of Luxembourg Elimar I, count of Oldenburg Ernulf, French Benedictine monk and bishop Gebhard III, bishop of Constance Geoffrey III, French nobleman Géza I, king of Hungary Guglielmo Embriaco, Genoese merchant Haziga of Diessen, German countess Harald III, king of Denmark Herman I, margrave of Baden Hugh I, French nobleman Hugh of Die, French bishop Ibn Aqil, Persian theologian and jurist Ida of Lorraine, French countess Ivo of Chartres, French bishop Ladislaus I, king of Hungary Oddone Frangipane, Italian monk and hermit Odo I, French nobleman Roger I, Norman nobleman Sikelgaita, Lombard duchess of Apulia Wulfnoth Godwinson, English nobleman Xiao Guanyin, empress of the Liao Dynasty Zayn al-Din Gorgani, Persian physician January 17 – Mas'ud I, Ghaznavid sultan March 3 – Cunigunde, Holy Roman Empress March 17 – Harold Harefoot, king of England May 29 – Renauld I, French nobleman June 21 – Fulk III, French nobleman August 14 – Duncan I, king of Scotland October 1 – Alan III, duke of Brittany Abu Hashim al-Hasan, Zaidi imam and ruler of Jemen Abu Nasr Mushkan, Persian statesman Ali Daya, Ghaznavid commander-in-chief Begtoghdi, Ghaznavid commander-in-chief Bertha of Milan, Lombard duchess Dietrich I, bishop of Meissen Gilbert, Norman nobleman Helias of Cologne, Irish abbot and musician Hugh, Italian nobleman Hugh I, count of Empúries and Peralada Ibn al-Haytham, Arab astronomer John V, duke of Gaeta Maria of Amalfi, Lombard duchess Nikephoros Dokeianos, Byzantine general Unsuri, Persian poet and writer Yeshe-Ö, Tibetan lama-king

Awards of the Center for Investigative Reporting

The Center for Investigative Reporting is a nonprofit news organization based in Emeryville, California. It is known for reporting that reveals inequities and corruption, holds those responsible accountable. In 2010, CIR launched its California Watch reporting project. In 2013, it launched an hour-long public radio program and podcast, that airs on 470 public radio stations; the budget for the CIR was $9.3 million in 2016. The current business model emphasizes cooperation with partners and other news outlets rather than competition. Phil Bronstein is the organization's executive chair. David Weir, Dan Noyes, Lowell Bergman founded the Center for Investigative Reporting in 1977 in association with the journalism department of University of California Berkeley, its offices were located in downtown California. This was the first nonprofit news organization in the United States to be focused on investigative reporting; the Center's first large investigation exposed the criminal activity of the Black Panther Party.

The organization revisited this subject in 2012. In 1982, reporters from the Center worked with Mother Jones magazine to report testing fraud in consumer products; the investigation won several awards, including Sigma Delta Chi and Investigative Reporters and Editors awards. CIR began producing television documentaries in 1980, it has since produced more than 30 documentaries for Frontline and Frontline/World, dozens of reports for other television outlets, three independent feature documentaries. ABC’s 20/20 and CBS’s 60 Minutes have featured reporting from CIR. Major investigations in the 1980s resulted in reporting of the toxicity of ordinary consumer products, an exposé of nuclear accidents in the world's navies, coverage of questionable tactics by the FBI during the administration of President Ronald Reagan. In 1990, CIR produced its first independent TV documentary, Global Dumping Ground, reported by Bill Moyers on PBS’s Frontline; the film was rebroadcast in at least 18 nations. In 1992, CIR produced The Best Campaign Money Can Buy for Frontline, an investigation of the top funders of that year's presidential campaign.

It featured correspondent Robert Krulwich, was produced by Stephen Talbot with reporters Eve Pell and Dan Noyes. The documentary won a DuPont/Columbia Journalism Award. Other notable CIR reports included one on the rise of conservative media figure Rush Limbaugh and Congressman Newt Gingrich, as well as a study of education and race in an urban high school, School Colors. An investigation for the New York Daily News and FOX's Front Page revealed lethal dangers in a common diet drug. In 2005, the Center's investigations into wiretapping and data mining stimulated Congressional hearings on privacy issues; the Center exposed the forensic practices of the FBI that resulted in wrongful convictions and imprisonments. Robert J. Rosenthal became executive director of the Center in 2007, he had more than thirty years of experience as a journalist and editor at the San Francisco Chronicle, Philadelphia Inquirer, Boston Globe, The New York Times. Rosenthal hired Mark Katches as the editorial director of the start-up news organization called California Watch in 2009.

Katches would be named editorial director for all of CIR, a position he held until 2014, when he left to become the editor and vice president of content at The Oregonian, in Portland Oregon. In 2010, the Center released Dirty Business, it explored problems with the myth of clean coal and the extensive lobbying tactics of the coal industry. The organization's reports have been published in news outlets around the country and in California including NPR News, PBS Frontline, PBS NEWSHOUR, Los Angeles Times, Washington Post, San Francisco Chronicle, The Sacramento Bee, The Daily Beast, Salon, Al Jazeera English, American Public Media's Marketplace. In April 2012, it partnered with Google to host TechRaking, an informal conference that brought together journalists and technologists. In September 2012, the second TechRaking brought together journalists and gamers, at IGN in San Francisco. CIR announced a partnership with Univision News in 2012 to bring investigative stories to Hispanic households in the United States.

Amy Pyle became Editor in Chief in 2015 after two decades of award-winning journalism. She had worked at The Sacramento Bee, where she was Assistant Managing Editor/Projects and Investigations, the Los Angeles Times, where she led coverage of the Northridge Earthquake from the newspaper's parking lot of the quake-damaged San Fernando Valley office. In February 2019, Matt Thompson was announced as the new Editor In Chief. Thompson was the executive editor of The Atlantic, he oversaw major editorial projects and new initiatives, such as the launch of the magazine's podcasting unit, membership strategy, talent development teams. During his time as deputy editor of, he helped lead the magazine's digital team through three record-breaking years of audience growth. Prior to The Atlantic, he was director of vertical initiatives for NPR, where he created several broadcast and digital journalism teams, including Code Switch and NPR Ed, he is a former board member of the Center for Public Integrity.

In April 2012 CIR merged with The Bay Citizen, a nonprofit, investigative news group based in San Francisco. In 2009, the Center for Investigative Reporting created California Watch, a reporting team dedicated to state-focused stories, its website launched in 2010. Editorial Director Mark Katches said that the site would act as a watchdog team focusing on government oversight, criminal justice, health


Marstal is a town in southern Denmark, located in Ærø municipality on the island of Ærø. Marstal has a population of 2,136 and is the largest town on Ærø, it used to be in the abolished Marstal Municipality. Marstal has a long maritime history. For centuries Marstal vessels have sailed the seven seas, today the town is the home port for a considerable number of coasters. Shipping is still the nerve of the town with its dockyards, its shipping companies and its maritime school which for more than a century has trained navigators for the Danish merchant fleet. Marstal is the economic center of Aeroe and the main industries are tourism, small industry and service; the town has an international reputation for shipbuilding. Marstal is home to one of Northern Europe's largest solar power complexes, using solar power to heat water for the local District heating. Marstal is twinned with Eksjö in Elsfleth in Germany. Built in 1738, - once in 1772 by adding an extension and in 1920 with a tower to commemorate the reunification of southern Jutland with Denmark.

Seven votive ships indicate the growth of shipping in the town from the 18th to the 20th century. The font dates from the Middle Ages, the blue color of the benches symbolizes the sea and eternity, whereas the red colors of the altar and pulpit evoke the blood shed by Christ. Red is the color of love. Carl Rasmussen, a maritime artist who specialized in the motifs of Greenland, painted the 1881 altarpiece, depicting Christ stilling a storm. In the old churchyard are memorials and tombstones honoring the sailors of Marstal who died at sea during two world wars. Marstal is a shipping town founded in the 16th century. During the 17th and 18th centuries its living depended predominantly on the building and sailing of wooden ships. In the harbour is a small island Frederiksøen, which today is called the Lime Kiln; the impressive fieldstone pier at the island was built in 1825 by local seamen on a voluntary basis. The island was in use as a repair yard for ships; the town did not grow around a square or a church, its houses were erected along the paths leading upwards from the jetties.

As the town grew transverse ring-roads were added, the narrowness of the settlement meant that the houses were placed somewhat coincidentally. The First World War changed the glorious maritime traditions of Marstal. 42 ships from Marstal were sunk at the loss of 53 seamen. The Second World War deprived the small naval community of 80 of its young boys and seamen. A traveler can arrive at Marstal via the ferry from Svendborg to Ærøskøbing and driving from there. A ferry exists from Fåborg to Søby on Northern Ærø; the camping site, the youth hostel, hotels provide accommodation for the many visitors. Eriks Hale, a strip that jots into the sea south of the town, is home to a beach used for swimming and bathing. Carl Rasmussen a Danish painter, in 1880, he married, bought a home and establish a studio in Marstal on Ærø Sophus Black a Danish telegraph manager and art collector Hermann Møller Boye a member of the Danish resistance executed by the German occupying power Erik Kromann a Danish author, museums director, head of the Marstal Maritime Museum Carsten Jensen author and political columnist, his 2006 epic novel We, the Drowned is set in Marstal.

Jesper Lange a Danish football player, about 300 club caps playing for Esbjerg fB MARNAV Marstal Maritime Museum, source Marstal harbor, source Marstal weather, live