SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

1041

Year 1041 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. December 10 – Emperor Michael IV dies after a 6-year reign, his wife, Empress Zoë, elevates her adoptive son to the throne of the Byzantine Empire, as Michael V Kalaphates. Shortly after, Michael banishes him to a monastery. March 17 – Battle of Olivento: Norman troops and their Lombard allies, led by William I, are victorious against the Byzantines at the feet of the Monte Vulture, near the River Olivento in Apulia. May 4 – Battle of Montemaggiore: Lombard-Norman rebel forces, led by William I, are again victorious and defeat an Byzantine army on a hill named Montemaggiore, near the River Ofanto. September 3 – Battle of Montepeloso: Lombard-Norman rebel forces, led by William I, defeat the Byzantines at Montepeloso. During the battle Boioannes, governor of the Catepanate of Italy, is captured. Winter – Battle of Ostrovo: The Byzantines with the help of the Varangian Guard, led by Harald Hardrada, defeat the Bulgarian troops, near Lake Ostrovo in Greece.

Edward the Confessor returns to England from exile in Normandy, to become the heir of his half-brother Harthacnut, as king of England. He reduces the navy from 60 to 32 ships, due to the tax burden; the city of Worcester rebels against the taxes of Harthacnut. Edward marries his daughter Edith; the Zirid Dynasty rejects Shi'ite obedience and Fatimid domination, recognizes the Abbasids as their overlords. The number of enlisted soldiers in the Song Dynasty Chinese military reaches well over 1,250,000 troops, an increase since 1022, when there were a million soldiers. Ōe no Masafusa, Japanese poet Raymond IV, French nobleman February 4 – Fujiwara no Kintō, Japanese poet December 10 – Michael IV, Byzantine emperor Adolf II of Lotharingia, German nobleman Akazome Emon, Japanese waka poet Eadwulf III, English ealdorman and High-Reeve Edmund of Durham, English bishop Gangeyadeva, Indian ruler of the Kalachuri Dynasty Mac Beathaidh mac Ainmire, Irish poet and Chief Ollam Muhammad, sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire Muhammad ibn Rustam Dushmanziyar, Buyid emir Peter Delyan, Bulgarian rebel leader and ruler Sampiro, Spanish bishop and intellectual Tancred of Hauteville, Norman nobleman Vikramabahu, king of Sri Lanka

Social Democratic Party of Hungarian Gypsies

The Social Democratic Party of Hungarian Gypsies, was a short-lived social democrat political party in Hungary for the ethnic Romani minority, existed between 1989 and 1991. The MCSZDP held its inaugural meeting on 1 October 1989 with 90 members under the leadership of writer and journalist Pál Farkas President of the Cultural Association of Hungarian Gypsies and editor-in-chief of the Cigány Újság from 1986 to 1993; the party claimed itself as a sister party to the Hungarian Social Democratic Party. In its programme, called "Romani people, Europe with Us!", the MCSZDP emphasized the legal and economic integration of the Romani people and fought against ethnic discrimination. In November 1989, Farkas was elected to the presidency of the MSZDP; the two parties made an electoral cooperation for joint participation in the 1990 parliamentary election, but for the following months, the MCSZDP moved away from its parent organization due internal conflicts. The MCSZDP was able to nominee only one candidate in the 1990 national election, receiving 0.01 percent of the individual votes.

After the failure, the party transformed itself into a civil organization, called Romani Civil Rights Movement. Vida, István. "Magyarországi Cigányok Szociáldemokrata Pártja". Magyarországi politikai pártok lexikona. Gondolat Kiadó. Pp. 423–424. ISBN 978-963-693-276-3

Brooklyn Heights Railroad

The Brooklyn Heights Railroad was a street railway company in the U. S. state of New York. It leased and operated the streetcar lines of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company, but started out with the Montague Street Line, a short cable car line connecting the Wall Street Ferry with downtown Brooklyn along Montague Street. Eliphalet Williams Bliss owned the railroad. According to articles in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, BHRR included the following lines between 1895 and 1899: Bay Ridge Line Bath Beach and Bensonhurst Line to Ulmer Park Brighton Beach Line Bergen Beach Line Bowery Bay Line Broadway Line Broadway and Jamaica Avenue Line Brooklyn Hills Line Bushwick-Meeker Line Bushwick Avenue Line Calvary Cemetery Line Corona Line Court Street Line Crosstown Line Coney Island and Brighton Beach Line Cypress Hills Line Cypress Hills Extension East New York Line Flatbush Avenue Line Flushing Avenue Line Forest Park Line Fort Hamilton Line Fresh Pond Line Fulton Street Line Furman Street Line Gates Avenue Line Glendale Line Graham Avenue Line Grand Street Line Greene and Gates Avenues Line Greenpoint Line Greenpoint Line Hamilton Avenue Line Holy Cross Cemetery Line Jamaica Line Kingston Avenue Line Lorimer Street Line Lutheran Cemetery Line Manhattan and Nassau Avenues Line Meeker Avenue Line Meeker Street Line Metropolitan Avenue Line Montague Street Line Myrtle Avenue Line Nassau Avenue Line Nostrand Avenue Line Putnam Avenue Line Putnam Avenue and Halsey Street Line Reid Avenue Line Ralph Avenue Line Richmond Hill and Jamaica Line Ridgewood Line Sea Beach Line to Coney Island Second Avenue Line Sumner Avenue Line Third Avenue Line to Fort Hamilton and Bensonhurst Tompkins Avenue Line Union Avenue Line Utica Avenue Line The railroad partially owned the Bridge Operating Company, a line across the Williamsburg Bridge, owned by New York Railways