Year 1051 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. Spring – William of Normandy consolidates his power in Normandy, he fights over the control of Maine, lays siege to the fortresses of Alençon and Domfront. May 19 – King Henry I of France marries Anne of Kiev at the cathedral of Reims. William of Normandy marries Matilda of Flanders, daughter of Count Baldwin V, which Henry sees as a threat to his throne. Summer – Drogo of Hauteville, count of Apulia and Calabria, meets Pope Leo IX in southern Italy –, sent by Emperor Henry III to re-establish the "freedom of the Catholic Church". Drogo of Hauteville is forced to promise Leo IX to stop the Normans from pillaging the Lombard countryside. On his way back, Drogo is assassinated near Bovino by a Byzantine conspiracy. Eustace II, count of Boulogne, visits England and is receive with honour at the court by King Edward the Confessor. In Dover a fight breaks out between the Norman visitors and the locals, resulting in the deaths of several people.
Edward blames the orders Godwin, earl of Wessex, to deal with them. Godwin refuses to obey Edward's order, in response Edward raises an army and forces the Godwin family into exile. Edward the Confessor invites William of Normandy to England, it is at this point that it is thought that Edward promises the English throne to William in the event of his death. Heregeld is abolished by Edward the Confessor, it has been collected for many years to provide funds for defending the country from Viking raiders. Hilarion of Kiev becomes the first non-Greek metropolitan bishop of the Eastern Orthodox Church, in Kiev. September 21 – Bertha of Savoy, Holy Roman Empress Cadwgan ap Bleddyn, prince of Powys Edgar Ætheling, uncrowned king of England Robert II, duke of Normandy Mi Fu, Chinese painter and calligrapher January 22 – Ælfric Puttoc, archbishop of York February 28 – Humfrid, archbishop of Magdeburg March 14 – Gerard I, bishop of Cambrai March 25 – Hugh IV, count of Maine April 27 – Fulk Bertrand I, count of Provence November 7 – Rotho, bishop of Paderborn Bardo, German abbot and archbishop Bernard, margrave of the Nordmark Bi Sheng, Chinese artisan and inventor Drogo of Hauteville, Norman nobleman Jordan of Laron, bishop of Limoges Kálfr Árnason, Norwegian chieftain Ralph de Gacé, Norman nobleman
Time Passages is the eighth studio album by Al Stewart, released in September 1978. It is the follow-up to his 1976 album Year of the Cat; the album, like 1975's Modern Times and 1976's Year of the Cat, was once again produced by Alan Parsons. The album's title track and "End of the Day" were both co-written by Peter White; the title track reached #1 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary charts for 10 weeks. A digitally remastered version of the album was released in 2004. Songs written by Al Stewart. "Time Passages" – 6:41 "Valentina Way" – 4:04 "Life in Dark Water" – 5:49 "A Man for All Seasons" – 5:50 "Almost Lucy" – 3:43 "The Palace of Versailles" – 5:20 "Timeless Skies" – 3:34 "Song on the Radio" – 6:22 "End of the Day" – 3:11 "A Man For All Seasons" refers to Sir Thomas More, statesman under Henry VIII of England and a Catholic martyr. "The Palace of Versailles", the former residence of the French Kings and a key site in early days of the French Revolution. The lyrics contain specific allusions to many figures of the revolution.
"Life in Dark Water" – references the Mary Celeste, questioning the usage of the inaccurate term "Marie Celeste". Album – Billboard Singles – Billboard Al Stewart - guitars, vocals Peter White - guitars, lead guitar, accordion J. Peter Robinson - piano and organ on Track 2 Peter Solley - synthesizer on Track 6 Peter Wood - keyboards, piano Tim Renwick - electric guitar, lead guitar Robin Lamble - bass guitar Mark Goldenberg - rhythm guitar on Track 2 Phil Kenzie - alto saxophone on Tracks 1 and 8 Stuart Elliott - drums Jeff Porcaro - drums on Track 2 Al Perkins - pedal steel guitar Bill Linnane - guitar Art Tripp lll, Lindsey Elliott - percussion Bryan Huddy, Joe Puerta, David Pack, James R. West, Krysia Kristianne, Jeff Borgeson - background vocals Andrew Powell - orchestration Alan Parsons - producer The album's front and back cover were designed by Hipgnosis; as Storm Thorgerson stated in For the Love of Vinyl: The Album Art of Hipgnosis, "For Al's Time Passages we showed a radio being tuned on the shelf of a kitchen window but at the same time "tuning" the view of the landscape outside the window"
The 2009 Australian Open Men's Singles final was the championship tennis match of the Men's Singles tournament at the 2009 Australian Open. It was contested between the world's top two players for much of the previous four years, Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer ranked first and second in the world respectively, it was their seventh meeting in a Grand Slam final, but their first outside of either the French Open or Wimbledon, followed by their most recent meeting at the final of the 2017 Australian Open. This was Nadal's first Grand Slam hard court final while it was Federer's ninth and at the time he was yet to lose in a Grand Slam hard court final. Nadal defeated Federer in five sets in four hours and twenty-three minutes, with the match finishing after midnight, becoming the first Spaniard, male or female, to win the Australian Open; the match was lauded as one of the greatest at the Australian Open, came seven months after the pair contested the 2008 Wimbledon final, a match regarded as one of the greatest ever.
Pascal Maria was the chair umpire for the match. Nadal won the coin elected to begin the match receiving. Federer began the match serving and gifted a break of serve to Nadal with a double fault and three unforced errors. Both men settled in well from there in the next game where Federer went ahead 15-30 after a forehand winner. Nadal fought back to deuce after saving a break point. Federer earned a second break point after three deuces, but did not convert it after a backhand error. Nadal hit a forehand long to give Federer a third break point; the game lasted for ten minutes before Federer broke Nadal with a forehand winner to level the opening set at 1-1. Federer held serve with another forehand winner to get to 2-1. Nadal held comfortably to reach 2-2. In the fifth game at 30-30, Nadal's forehand was out. Federer challenged and the Hawkeye review showed the ball was long, giving Federer 40-30 instead of break point to Nadal. Federer held at deuce to go ahead 3-2. At 3-2 on Nadal's serve, Federer got to 30-30 after Nadal unsuccessfully challenged his own forehand, long by about a millimetre.
Federer hit a winner in the next rally to gain another break point. At 30-40, Federer hammered a return winner to gain a 4-2 lead. In the seventh game, Federer was unable to consolidate the break. Nadal hit a forehand winner to gain a break point opportunity in which Federer double faulted on to hand a second break to Nadal. Back on serve, Federer got to 30-30 the next game but Nadal held after Federer netted his next two returns; the set went to 5-5 where Nadal broke Federer for the third time in the set with a passing shot to go ahead 6-5. Nadal served it out to win the first set 7-5; the set saw a wild pace of play with many long rallies. Federer was serving below his normal level; the second set saw more of the same pace. Nadal relentlessly kept on pummelling Federer's backhand hoping to draw errors; the set remained on serve until 2-2 where Nadal broke Federer to go ahead 3-2. Federer's first serve percentage was down to just 32% at this point. With the serve not working, Federer engaged in aggressive baseline rallies to compete with Nadal putting him on the defensive.
Serving with a 3-2 lead, Nadal doubled faulted for the first time in the match. At 30-30, Nadal committed two errors to give Federer a break and level the set at 3-3. From there, Federer raised his game and held serve.4-3 saw a long and grueling game as Nadal fell behind 15-40 in his service game. He saved the second one with an excellent serve. Federer got the advantage at deuce but Nadal saved the third break point with an ace. Federer fought back to gain a fourth break point. Federer regained the advantage with a backhand winner during the next rally, he broke Nadal on his fifth break point of the game to gain a 5-3 lead. Federer served out the set to take it 6-3 after winning four games in a row. Federer had gotten himself back into the match from the baseline and won the second set despite having a first serve percentage of just 37%. In the third set, long rallies continued and both men held serve until 3-2 when Nadal gained the first break point of the set. Federer went on to hold serve. At 3-3, Federer had an opening at 15-30.
Federer held his next game well to get to 4-4. Nadal called for the trainer to massage his right thigh and the match saw a delay. After play resumed, Federer kept up his aggressive play to go ahead 0-40 and gain three break point chances. Two brutal rallies went Nadal's way, at 30-40, he caught Federer off guard with a serve to Federer's forehand to get to deuce. Nadal went on to hold with an ace and stay ahead 5-4. Federer held comfortably to get to 5-5 and Nadal once again called for the trainer in an attempt to blunt Federer's momentum as he sat down to eat a banana; when play resumed, Nadal fell behind again in his service game 15-40. Federer hit a forehand long at 30-40 to reach deuce; the ball was out but Federer used a strategic Hawkeye challenge on the call in an attempt to rattle Nadal. Nadal lost the next point at 40-40, which he too strategically challenged to no avail. Federer gained another break point after the ruling, his sixth break chance in the set. Nadal saved it with a forehand winner and went on to hold and stay ahead 6-5.
Nadal fought hard in the next game to break. Federer saved a set point and needed three deuces to hold for 6-6; the tiebreak went to 3-3 where Federer shanke