SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

1057

Year 1057 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. June 8 – General Isaac Komnenos proclaims himself emperor in Paphlagonia and starts a civil war against Emperor Michael VI, he advances with a Byzantine expeditionary force towards Constantinople. At the same time, Michael sends against the rebels an army – western regiments and eastern ones – to stop him. August 20 – Battle of Hades: Rebel forces under Isaac Komnenos defeat the Byzantines on the plains of Hades. General Katakalon Kekaumenos reaches the enemy's camp, he destroys the supplies -- which leaves the way open to Constantinople. September 1 – A riot in favor of Isaac Komnenos breaks out in Constantinople. Patriarch Michael I convinces Michael VI to abdicate the throne and Isaac is crowned as emperor of the Byzantine Empire. August 15 – Battle of Lumphanan: King Macbeth is killed by Malcolm. Macbeth is succeeded by his stepson Lulach, crowned as king of Scotland at Scone. August – Battle of Varaville: Norman forces under William defeat a Franco-Angevin army at the mouth of the Dives.

King Henry I on campaign in Normandy is forced to retreat his army. Emperor Ferdinand I takes the cities of Lamego and Viseu, from Christian lords allied to the Muslim Taifa of Silves; the Banu Hilal razes Kairouan. The Zirid Dynasty has to re-settle to Mahdiya. King Anawrahta captures Thaton, the capital of the Thaton Kingdom, strengthening Theravada Buddhism in Burma. July 28 – Pope Victor II dies after a 15-month pontificate at Arezzo, he is succeeded by Stephen IX as the 154th pope of the Catholic Church. Fujiwara no Kenshi, Japanese empress Fujiwara no Nakazane, Japanese nobleman Hugh, French nobleman Hugh I, French nobleman Rhygyfarch, bishop of St. David's March 1 – Ermesinde and regent of Barcelona April 19 – Edward the Exile, son of Edmund II June 1 – Íñigo of Oña, Spanish Benedictine abbot June 26 – Otto, margrave of the Nordmark July 28 – Victor II, pope of the Catholic Church August 15 – Macbeth, king of Scotland August 28 – Abe no Yoritoki, Japanese samurai August 31 – Michael VI, Byzantine emperor September 28 – Otto III, duke of Swabia November 7 – Lothair Udo I, German nobleman Abul'Ala Al-Ma'arri, Arabian philosopher Ala al-Din Abu'l-Ghana'im Sa'd, Buyid vizier Bruno II, margrave of Friesland Di Qing, Chinese general Heca, bishop of Selsey Humphrey of Hauteville, Norman nobleman Jōchō Busshi, Japanese sculptor Leofric, English earl and peerage Ostromir, Russian statesman Otto I, Italian nobleman Pandulf VI, Italian nobleman Ralph the Timid, Norman nobleman Reginald I, French nobleman William fitz Giroie, Norman nobleman

Stairs to the Roof

Stairs to the Roof is a play by Tennessee Williams, the last of his apprentice plays. It was completed in December 1941, premiered at the Pasadena Playhouse on February 26, 1947; the play is based on earlier stories written by Williams, including "The Swan" and most one of the same title written in October 1936, after he had recovered from a nervous breakdown arising from his experiences working in the relentlessly mechanical world of the large International Shoes factory in St. Louis, Missouri. Unlike that story, the play is optimistic, with elements of romance and fantasy, a deus ex machina ending; the subtitle of the play is "A Prayer for the Wild of Heart That are Kept in Cages". Williams scholar Allean Hale, in his introduction to a 2000 New Directions Publishers edition of the play, commented on similarities the play shares with the 1923 expressionist play The Adding Machine by Elmer Rice. Both plays show the robotic typing of office workers, both have a scene of divine intervention and another set by a lake, both make use of generically named characters.

In "Random Observations" written as a preface in 1941, Williams noted that the play was "written for both the stage and the screen" with Burgess Meredith in mind as the protagonist. He acknowledges the play's "didactic material" as being inappropriate as the country was preparing to go to war, but he felt his protagonist's problems were "universal and everlasting,", an assessment that made the play appropriate during such a trying time. Six years in remarks published in the Pasadena Playhouse program notes, Williams commented on the play: When I look back at Stairs to the Roof... I see its faults plainly, as plainly as you may see them, but still I do not feel apologetic about this play. Unskilled and awkward as I was at this initial period of my playwriting, I had a moral earnestness which I cannot boast of today, I think that moral earnestness is a good thing for any times, but for these times. I wish I still had the idealistic passion of Benjamin Murphy! You may smile as I do at the sometimes sophomoric aspect of his excitement, but I hope you will respect, as I do, the purity of his feeling and the honest concern which he had in his heart for the basic problem of mankind, to dignify our lives with a certain freedom.

The Swan, one of the short stories that feed into the play, from The Missouri Review 21st century premiere of the play on the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Guardian review of an October 2001 revival performed at the Minerva Theatre, Chichester

Stephanie L. Haines

Stephanie Lou Haines is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania. Haines received her Bachelor of Arts from Juniata College and her Juris Doctor from Ohio Northern University College of Law. After graduating, she served as a law clerk for Judge Eugene E. Fike II of the Somerset County Court of Common Pleas, she joined the U. S. Army and was a member of the United States Army Judge Advocate General's Corps, where she served as both a prosecutor and defense appellate specialist, she remains a reserve member of the United States Air Force Judge Advocate General's Corps. She served as an Assistant United States Attorney in the U. S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of West Virginia, as well as the U. S. Attorney's Office for the Western District of Pennsylvania, she was the sole prosecutor in the Johnstown, branch office and handles a wide variety of federal criminal matters. On March 1, 2019, President Trump announced his intent to nominate Haines to serve as a United States District Judge for the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania.

On March 5, 2019, her nomination was sent to the Senate. President Trump nominated Haines to the seat vacated by Judge David S. Cercone, who took senior status on November 24, 2017. On April 10, 2019, a hearing on her nomination was held before the Senate Judiciary Committee. On May 9, 2019, her nomination was reported out of committee by a 21–1 vote. On July 30, 2019, the Senate voted 87 -- 1. On September 11, 2019, the Senate confirmed her nomination by a vote of 94–0, she received her judicial commission on September 30, 2019. Stephanie L. Haines at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center