1059 Mussorgskia

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1059 Mussorgskia
Discovery [1]
Discovered by V. Albitzkij
Discovery site Simeiz Obs.
Discovery date 19 July 1925
MPC designation (1059) Mussorgskia
Named after
Modest Mussorgsky[2]
(Russian composer)
1925 OA · A916 KA
A917 UC · A920 HA
main-belt[1][3] · (middle)[4]
background [5]
Orbital characteristics[3]
Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 97.85 yr (35,739 d)
Aphelion 3.1377 AU
Perihelion 2.1435 AU
2.6406 AU
Eccentricity 0.1882
4.29 yr (1,567 d)
0° 13m 46.92s / day
Inclination 10.097°
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter
17.54±3.33 km[6]
23.10±0.32 km[7]
25.227±0.139 km[8]
30.323±0.250 km[9]
36.78 km (calculated)[4]
5.519±0.002 h[10]
5.636 h[4]
5.6362±0.0006 h[11]
0.057 (assumed)[4]
X[12] · C (SDSS-MFB)[4][a]
10.70[7][9] · 10.84±0.24[12]
10.9[3][4] · 11.04[6]

1059 Mussorgskia, provisional designation 1925 OA, is a background asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 25 kilometers (16 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 19 July 1925, by Soviet astronomer Vladimir Albitsky at the Simeiz Observatory on the Crimean peninsula.[1] The asteroid was named for Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky.[2] The X- or C-type asteroid has a rotation period of 5.636 hours.[4][a]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Mussorgskia is a non-family asteroid from the main belt's background population.[5] It orbits the Sun in the central asteroid belt at a distance of 2.1–3.1 AU once every 4 years and 3 months (1,567 days; semi-major axis of 2.64 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.19 and an inclination of 10° with respect to the ecliptic.[3]

The asteroid was first observed as A916 KA at Simeiz in May 1916. The body's observation arc begins as 1920 HA at Heidelberg Observatory in April 1920, or more than 5 years prior to its official discovery observation at Simeiz.[1]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Mussorgskia has been characterized as a common X-type asteroid by Pan-STARRS' photometric survey. It is also characterized as a carbonaceous C-type asteroid in the SDSS-MFB (Masi Foglia Binzel) taxonomy.[4][a]

Rotation period[edit]

In May 2002, two rotational lightcurves of Mussorgskia were obtained from photometric observations by Stephen Brincat at the Flarestar Observatory in Malta and by French amateur astronomer René Roy. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 5.519 and 5.6362 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.20 and 0.21 magnitude, respectively (U=2/3).[10][11] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link adopts a period of 5.636 hours and a brightness variation between 0.2 and 0.21 magnitude (U=3).[4]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the surveys carried out by the Japanese Akari satellite and the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Mussorgskia measures between 17.54 and 30.323 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.1010 and 0.23.[6][7][8][9]

CALL assumes a standard albedo for carbonaceous asteroids of 0.057 and consequently calculates a larger diameter of 36.78 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 10.9.[4]


This minor planet was named after Russian composer (1839–1881).[2] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center before November 1977 (M.P.C. 837).[13]


  1. ^ a b c Search for Unusual Spectroscopic Candidates Among 40313 minor planets from the 3rd Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Moving Object Catalog (publication). SDSS-MFB (Masi Foglia Binzel) taxonomy (catalog).


  1. ^ a b c d "1059 Mussorgskia (1925 OA)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1059) Mussorgskia. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 91. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1059 Mussorgskia (1925 OA)" (2018-02-25 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "LCDB Data for (1059) Mussorgskia". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  5. ^ a b "Small Bodies Data Ferret". Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  6. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Kramer, E. A.; Grav, T.; et al. (September 2016). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year Two: Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astronomical Journal. 152 (3): 12. arXiv:1606.08923Freely accessible. Bibcode:2016AJ....152...63N. doi:10.3847/0004-6256/152/3/63. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  7. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 26 March 2018.  Online catalog
  8. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Grav, T.; Mainzer, A. K.; Nugent, C. R.; Bauer, J. M.; Stevenson, R.; et al. (August 2014). "Main-belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE: Near-infrared Albedos" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 791 (2): 11. arXiv:1406.6645Freely accessible. Bibcode:2014ApJ...791..121M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/121. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  9. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  10. ^ a b Brincat, S. H. (December 2002). "Lightcurve Photometry of Asteroid 1059 Mussorgskia". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 29: 67. Bibcode:2002MPBu...29...67B. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  11. ^ a b Behrend, Raoul. "Asteroids and comets rotation curves – (1059) Mussorgskia". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  12. ^ a b Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  13. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 

External links[edit]