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1062

Year 1062 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. Spring – The 11-year-old King Henry IV is abducted as a result of the Coup of Kaiserswerth, a conspiracy of German nobles led by Anno II, archbishop of Cologne. Henry's education and training is supervised by Anno, who acts as his regent and is called his magister. Empress Agnes of Poitou resigns the throne, Anno with the archbishops Siegfried I and Adalbert of Hamburg takes her place. Winter – Harold Godwinson leads a successful campaign against King Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, he attacks and captures Rhuddlan Castle in northern Wales. The Almoravids overrun modern-day Morocco, establish an intercontinental kingdom, stretching from Spain to Senegal; the Banu Khurasan, a vassal of the Hammdid Dynasty, begin to rule the north of Ifriqiya. Marrakech is founded by the Almoravids. Affligem Abbey, of the Order of St. Benedict, is founded in Affligem. Bjørn Svendsen, Danish nobleman Fujiwara no Moromichi, Japanese nobleman Nicephorus Bryennius, Byzantine statesman Nicephorus Komnenos, Byzantine aristocrat January 27 – Adelaide of Hungary, German duchess February 2 – Atenulf I, Lombard nobleman March 9 – Herbert II, French nobleman May 20 – Bao Zheng, Chinese politician October 22 Abe no Sadato, Japanese nobleman Fujiwara no Tsunekiyo, Japanese nobleman Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun, Buyid emir of Fars Al-Mu'izz ibn Badis, Zirid ruler of Ifriqiya Al-Quda'i, Fatimid preacher and historian Emma of Provence, French noblewoman Geoffrey I, French nobleman Mu'izz al-Dawla Thimal, Mirdasid emir of Aleppo Nissim ben Jacob, Tunisian Jewish rabbi William IV, count of Weimar and Orlamünde

Mahfiruz Hatun

Mahfiruz Hatice Sultan/ Hatun was a concubine of Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I and mother of Sultan Osman II. According to historian Baki Tezcan, nothing is known about her except her probable name and period of death, her court name, means "Glorious crescent" in Persian. Such names were given to the women of the Imperial Harem, she was the first of Ahmed I's three women and bore him Osman II. With the birth of Osman, the couple's first child, Ahmed became the youngest Ottoman sultan to become father, Osman was the first Ottoman first-born prince to be born in the Imperial capital of Istanbul. IssueSultan Osman II Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Hatice Sultan The date of her death is undetermined. There are evidence that suggests that she died at the latest by 1610. According to Leslie P. Peirce, she was alive when Osman was enthroned as sultan in 1618 after the deposition of incompetent Mustafa I. From the middle of 1620, Osman's governess, the daye hatun, began to receive an extraordinary large stipend, one thousand aspers a day rather than her usual two hundred aspers, an indication that she was now the official stand-in for the Valide Sultan.

Mahfiruz may have fallen out of favour, judging by her absence in the palace and burial in Eyüb rather than with her husband, never have recovered her status as a royal consort. Venetian ambassador Contarini reported the beating of a woman who had irritated Kösem, ordered by the sultan, in 1612, which may be identified to Mahfiruz, she may have been a rival of Kösem, who made efforts to keep Mustafa safe from execution, saw an obstacle in Mahfiruz. She was buried in the large sanctuary of Istanbul. In the 2015 Turkish television series Muhteşem Yüzyıl: Kösem, Mahfiruz was portrayed by actress Dilara Aksüyek. Historical advisors to the series noted. In the fifth episode of the first series, she was introduced as "Çerkes güzeli Raşa" before being renamed to Mahfiruz. List of mothers of the Ottoman sultans List of consorts of the Ottoman sultans Peirce, Leslie P.. The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. Oxford University Press. Pp. 233–. ISBN 978-0-19-508677-5. Tezcan, Baki. "The Debut of Kösem Sultan's Political Career".

Turcica. Éditions Klincksieck. 39–40: 350. Nazım Tektaş. Harem'den taşanlar. Çatı. pp. 183–185. ISBN 978-975-8845-02-6

Ernst Heinrichsohn

Ernst Heinrichsohn was a German lawyer and member of the SS who participated in the deportation of French Jews to Auschwitz during World War II. Heinrichsohn was dismissed as unfit, he entered law school, but was assigned to the Reich Main Security Office. In September 1940, he became an officer cadet employed by the Jewish section of the Sicherheitspolizei in France under Theodor Dannecker, his immediate superior was Heinz Röthke. Beginning in 1943, he reported to the commander of Kurt Lischka. In 1942, Heinrichsohn organized the deportation of tens of thousands of stateless and French Jews to Auschwitz while holding the position of a junior squad leader acting as a transport clerk. In a supplement to a record of a meeting that he had had with French prefect Jean Leguay, Heinrichsohn noted: "On Friday, 28. 8. 1942, 25,000 Jews have been deported." At this meeting, Heinrichsohn reported that the arrests of the "September Programme" had been carried out jointly by "police and Wehrmacht". When delays in transit developed on 30 September 1942, Heinrichsohn himself oversaw the regular trains from the Drancy internment camp, including the deportation of French Senator Pierre Massé to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

On 11 November 1942, he had selected 35 bedridden, elderly people from the Hôpital Rothschild to increase the number of deportees. After World War II, Heinrichsohn became a lawyer in Miltenberg. In 1952, he was elected as a CSU member to honorary position of second mayor of his residential community of Bürgstadt, the home of his wife, whom he married in 1946. After 1960, he filled the position of first mayor, he gained a good reputation with the town residents because he succeeded in preventing the town's incorporation. He was a deputy in the Miltenberg council. On 7 March 1956, Heinrichsohn was sentenced to death by a French court in absentia. A formal prosecution by the Allies prevented any like proceedings in the Federal Republic of Germany; this procedural issue was only cleared in 1975, against the resistance of the FDP politician Ernst Achenbach. In 1976, an initiative of the French historian and Holocaust survivor Serge Klarsfeld made public his involvement in the Holocaust. Heinrichsohn responded with a sworn statement to the council, stating that he was not the Gestapo agent known as "Heinrichson".

This affidavit was accepted not only in the community but by the board of the CSU, whose Secretary General Edmund Stoiber did not want to interfere or prejudice a pending investigation. Heinrichsohn was re-elected with 85% of the vote and no opposition on part of the SPD when he ran again for mayor. In 1977, the incriminating documents published by Klarsfeld where discounted by the Oberlandesgericht Bamberg, which declined to strip Heinrichsohn of his law license on the strength of this evidence. In June 1978, Serge Klarsfeld organized a political demonstration of about eighty French in Miltenberg. In 1979, Heinrichsohn along with Lischka and Herbert Hagen was indicted for "having knowingly aided the intentional, cruel and basely motivated killing of human beings"; the indictment was based on an assessment authored by Wolfgang Scheffler. Heinz Röthke had died in 1965 without having been apprehended, although he had been sentenced to death in France. On behalf of the plaintiffs, Serge Klarsfeld had put together a collection of documents from those found in Paris Gestapo files, which among other things showed Heinrichsohn's involvement in the deportation of Greek Jews and of Jewish children.

Heinrichsohn's lawyer Richard Huth had stated in court that Klarsfeld had no agency to represent French Jews. Heinrichsohn had declared in court that he fely no sense of guilt because he had only been apprised of the Jews' murder after the war had ended, that he selected Jews for work assignments. However, Heinrichsohn was identified by witnesses; the historian and Holocaust survivor Georges Wellers was able to relate particulars about Heinrichsohn by quoting from a document describing the conditions in Drancy during Heinrichsohn's tenure, which he had penned in 1946. On 11 February 11 1980, the Circuit Court of Cologne sentenced Heinrichsohn to six years in prison, Lischka to ten, Hagen to twelve years; the residents of Bürgstadt had rallied around their mayor during the trial, took up a collection to provide 200 DM in bail to allow him to move during the appeal. However, he was arrested in March 1980 because of an alleged flight risk; the Federal Court upheld the verdicts on 16 July 1981. On 3 June 3 1982, he was released early by decision of the Oberlandesgericht Bamberg, after the Landgericht Bayreuth rejected his release in March 1982 because he had not yet served two thirds of his sentence.

The remainder of his sentence was remitted in 1987. Heinrichsohn professed no guilt and was charged with a further count of perjury in the aftermath, due to having testified at the trial of Modest Graf von Korff that he had been unaware of the murder of Jews, he lived with his new wife in a town close to Bürgstadt. The opening of the trial in Cologne had been a late vindication of the efforts of Serge Klarsfeld and his wife, Beate Klarsfeld, to bring German and French Holocaust perpetrators to justice; the heavy prison sentences for the defendants was a novelty in the case-law of the Federal Republic of Germany. Bürgstadt's residents remained convinced that Heinrichsohn was innocent, as journalist Lea