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1063

Year 1063 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. May 8 – Battle of Graus: Allied Muslim and Christian troops, under King Sancho II and Emir Ahmad al-Muqtadir, defeat the Aragonese army. King Ramiro I is succeeded by his son Sancho V, as ruler of Aragon. Battle of Cerami: Duke Roger I leads a small Norman force, defeats a much larger Saracen army at Cerami in Sicily. Summer – The Pisan fleet assaults and sacks Palermo – this in support of the Norman forces of Roger I. Duke William I claims the province of Maine and betroths his son Robert to Margaret, daughter of late Count Herbert II. Battle of Damghan: Seljuk forces under Alp Arslan defeat his brother Qutalmish who claims the throne of late Tughril, founder of the Seljuk Empire. Qutalmish flees from the battle; the Pizhi Pagoda located at Lingyan Temple in China is completed. Doge Domenico I orders the construction of the present building of St Mark's Basilica at Venice. Anselm to become archbishop of Canterbury, becomes prior at the Abbey of Bec.

The bishopric of Olomouc is founded. Eight Deer Jaguar Claw, Mixtec ruler Yuanwu Keqin, Chinese Chan Buddhist monk March 21 – Richeza of Lotharingia, queen of Poland April 30 – Ren Zong, emperor of the Song Dynasty May 8 – Ramiro I, king of Aragon August 5 – Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, king of Gwynedd August 9 – Constantine III, Byzantine patriarch September 3 – Henry II, archbishop of Augsburg September 4 – Tughril, sultan of the Seljuk Empire September 11 – Béla I, king of Hungary December 7 – Qutalmish, prince of the Seljuk Empire Gotebald, patriarch of Aquileia Hedwig, countess of Nevers Hilduin IV, count of Montdidier and Roucy Pang Ji, Chinese official and chancellor Sudislav Vladimirovich, prins of Pskov Sylvester III, pope of the Catholic Church

John Greig Dunbar

Sir John Greig Dunbar CBE DL JP was a 20th century Scottish businessman and Tory politician who served as Lord Provost of Edinburgh from 1960 to 1963. He was born at Elgin House near the top of Easter Road in north-east Edinburgh, the son of James Dunbar; the lemonade company his father owned had relocated from Maryfield/East Norton Place to Albion Road around 1900. The firm made ginger beer and sodas. John was joint Director and owner of James Dunbar Ltd. manufactureres of aerated waters based off Albion Road. His cousins owned the parallel company of Co. on the Pleasance. The factory gave its name to the "Dunbar End" at Easter Road Stadium, he became councillor for the Calton ward in the 1950s. He was elected Lord Provost of Edinburgh in 1960 in succession to Ian Anderson Johnson-Gilbert, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in the 1962 New Year Honours List. He was host to both the King Olav V of Norway during his time as Lord Provost, his time as Lord Provost was dominated by major planning decisions, including the decision to clear St James Square to create the St. James Centre and promotion of the Princes Street Plan which resulted in the loss of many important historic buildings.

He was succeeded as Lord Provost by Duncan Weatherstone in 1963. His son was named Greig Dunbar, he was portrayed in his ceremonial robes by David Donaldson in 1963. The portrait is held by Edinburgh City Art Centre but is displayed. John Greig Dunbar meeting the Queen https://www.britishpathe.com/video/queen-in-scotland-1/query/Greig

Thomas Belsham

Thomas Belsham was an English Unitarian minister Belsham was born in Bedford and was the elder brother of William Belsham, the English political writer and historian. He was educated at the dissenting academy at Daventry, where for seven years he acted as assistant tutor. After three years spent in a charge at Worcester, he returned as head of Daventry Academy, a post which he continued to hold till 1789, having adopted Unitarian principles, he resigned. With Joseph Priestley for colleague, he superintended during its brief existence the New College at Hackney, was, on Priestley's departure in 1794 called to the charge of the Gravel Pit congregation. In 1805, he accepted a call to the Essex Street Chapel, headquarters and offices of the Unitarian Church under John Disney, there succeeding as minister Theophilus Lindsey who had retired and died three years in 1808. Belsham remained at Essex Street, in failing health, until his death in Hampstead, on 11 November 1829, he was buried in the same tomb as Theophilus Lindsey.

His joint executors were his father. Belsham's beliefs reflect that transition that the Unitarian movement was going through during his lifetime from the early Bible-fundamentalist views of earlier English Unitarians like Henry Hedworth and John Biddle, to the more Bible-critical positions of Priestley's generation. Belsham adopted critical ideas on the Pentateuch by 1807, the Gospels by 1819, Genesis by 1821. Following Priestley, Belsham was to dismiss the virgin birth as "no more entitled to credit, than the fables of the Koran, or the reveries of Swedenborg." Belsham's first work of importance, Review of Mr Wilberforces Treatise entitled Practical View, was written after his conversion to Unitarianism. His most popular work was the Evidences of Christianity, he was the author of a work on philosophy, Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind, based on Hartley's psychology. In 1812 Belsham published the Memoirs of the Late Reverend Theophilus Lindsey, M. A. his predecessor at Essex Street.

This included a chapter titled "American Unitarianism" arguing that many American clergy entertained Unitarian views. The Calvinist minister Jedidiah Morse published the chapter separately, as part of his campaign against New England's liberal ministers—contributing to "the Unitarian Controversy" that produced permanent schism among New England's Congregationalist churches, his main Christological work was A Calm Inquiry into the Scripture Doctrine concerning the Person of Christ. Belsham was one of the most vigorous and able writers of his church, the Quarterly Review and Gentlemans Magazine of the early years of the 19th century abound in evidences that his abilities were recognized by his opponents; the New Testament, An improved version upon the basis of Archbishop Newcome's new translation with a corrected text and notes critical and explanatory. London: Richard Taylor & Co. 1808. Boston 1809. Humphreys, Jennett. "Belsham, Thomas". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 4. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 202–203.

Webb, R. K.. "Miracles in English Unitarian Thought Essay,". In Micale, Mark S.. Enlightenment, modernity: historical essays in European thought and culture. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Belsham, Thomas". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3. Cambridge University Press. P. 711