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Alex Browning

Alexander Theodore Browning is a fictional character in the Final Destination series, portrayed by Devon Sawa. Alex serves as the protagonist of Final Destination, he is a senior student of Mt. Abraham High and one of the students aboard Volée Airlines Flight 180, he is the sixth survivor of Flight 180 to die. Alex Browning was born on September 25, 1982, in the fictional town of Mt. Abraham, New York to Ken and Barbara Browning, he has been friends with siblings Tod and George Waggner since childhood and had been his classmates through high school since then. He is the rival of Carter Horton, he fights with Carter whenever they're together and can't control his actions. He is one of the students qualified to travel to France for the school's annual field trip. In Final Destination and the senior class of Mt. Abraham High School board Volée Airlines Flight 180, bound for departure from JFK International for Paris, France. While on board, Alex has an ominous vision of the plane exploding in mid-air.

After warning everyone about it, he and some of his schoolmates are removed from the plane. While waiting at the airport, Alex witnesses the plane explode. FBI Agent Schreck and Agent Weine interview the survivors afterwards and believe that Alex was responsible for blowing up Flight 180. While attending the memorial for the victims, Alex notices both agents observing him and develops a relationship with Clear Rivers. Tod and Terry Chaney die afterwards and the Waggner household's anger towards Alex grows. With the help of Clear, Alex encounters William Bludworth, a mortician who knows more about Death than anyone else; that night, Alex realizes that Death is claiming back their lives which should have been lost on the plane, is attacking them according to the order of their deaths on the plane. Alex and Clear attempt to save the remaining survivors, but fail in their attempts, with the exception of Carter. Knowing he is next to die, Alex realizes that he had exchanged seats in his original premonition, thus Clear will die before him.

Finding Clear inside her car, trapped by live wires, Alex sacrifices himself by touching the wires to let her escape. It is revealed on that Alex survived the electrocution. Now in Paris, the film ends with Carter saving Alex from a falling neon sign, but the sign swings back and kills Carter instead. However, in Final Destination 2, Clear reveals, to Kimberly Corman, that Alex died by being bludgeoned on the head by a dislodged brick from a nearby building; this was, not the original idea for this death. This death, was not his original planned death either for a third version of the script had Alex be killed by a flesh eating virus, he was mentioned in Final Destination 3 and appeared in Final Destination 5, along with his class, being removed from Flight 180 and giving a warning that the aircraft would explode on takeoff, revealing that Final Destination 5 is a prequel of the first film. In the alternate ending of the film and Clear had made love on the beach before meeting Carter and Billy Hitchcock at their school, resulting in Clear's pregnancy.

On, Alex dies after the live wire sets him on fire, incinerating him while attempting to save Clear. Nine months Clear gives birth to Alexander "Alex" Chance Browning and reunites with Carter, safe in the knowledge that they have defeated Death; the role of Alex Browning was the challenging part for the writers, since they wanted Alex to show a variety of differing emotions throughout the film. The role of Alex, the last one cast, went to Canadian actor Devon Sawa, who starred in the 1999 film Idle Hands. Sawa commented that when " read the script on a plane, it just freaked him out" and " went down and met Glen and Jim and thought they were amazing and had some great ideas". However, writers Glen Morgan and James Wong were still not sure about casting him, so asked him to perform again and reviewed his previous work. Morgan was amazed by his performance in Idle Hands and Sawa was hired. Sawa described his role as "in the beginning, was kinda loopy and cotter, you know not the most popular guy in school.

I think he might have been a dork, you know, doing their stuff and they had their own thing going and they're after the two beautiful girls in school, but there's no chance of that happening. I guess after the plane goes down, his world changes." Perry was amazed by Sawa's vulnerability in acting, describing him as "a distinctive actor". "He's loose and he's kind of a cut-up when he's not on camera. Perry added; the character's surname was based by writer Jeffrey Reddick to American director Tod Browning, who directed both horror classics Dracula and Freaks. Besides Alex, Wong chose the name of Alex's best friend, Tod Waggner, as a reference to the director's first name. Sawa's performance earned him a Saturn Award for Best Performance by a Younger Actor, a nomination from Blockbuster Entertainment Awards for Favorite Actor in Horror. Moreover, Sawa's performance of Alex received positive reviews among critics. Stephen Holden of The New York Times commented that "The disaster and Alex's premonitions set up a heavy-handed fable about death and teenage illusions of invulnerability.", while Jami Bernard of the New York Daily News noted that "Sawa is solid as an Everyteen saddled with a rare and unwelcome gift".

David Nusair of Reel Film Reviews remarked "Sawa's personable turn as the hero is matched by a uniformly effective

Scouting Nederland

Scouting Nederland is the national Scout organisation of the Netherlands with 110,000 members (53,324 male and 54,663 female, 87,000 youth members, as of 2010. The official patron of Scouting Nederland is Queen Máxima, the wife of the Dutch King, Willem-Alexander. From 2005 Scouting Nederland has been affiliated with the International Guide Fellowship. Scouting for boys was started in the Netherlands in the summer of 1910 when the first Scout troops were formed in a few cities. Scouting started about a year for girls. Dutch Scouts were among the founding members of World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts in 1928 and among the charter members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1920. On 7 January 1911 the first national organisation was founded, the Nederlandsche Padvinders Organisatie, they merged with the Nederlandsche Padvinders Bond on 11 December 1915 and became known as De Nederlandse Padvinders. In 1933 some Scout Groups broke away from the NPV to form the Padvinders Vereniging Nederland, because difficulties concerning the Scout Promise arose.

The difficulty was that boys who recognised no god still had to promise "To do my duty to God and my country". The Scout Groups found; the NPV and the PVN reunited in 1940. The PVN was not refounded after World War II. Although the NPV was open to boys of all religions, a Roman Catholic organisation was founded in 1930, the Katholieke Verkenners. First inside the NPV, but after 1938 as a separate organisation. After World War II the Roman Catholic Church wanted to merge all Roman Catholic youth organisations. After negotiations the Katholieke Verkenners were allowed to go on as Verkenners van de Katholieke Jeugdbeweging; the Katholieke Verkenners became a separate organisation again in 1961. Girls got their first own organisation in 1911, Eerste Nederlandsche Meisjes Gezellen Vereeniging, but this organisation never got many members. Girls had been member of the NPO and NPB but the NPV was boys only. On 16 January 1916 the Het Nederlandsche Meisjesgilde started, which changed its name to Het Nederlandse Padvindsters Gilde, followed in 1945 by the founding of a separate Catholic organisation, the Nederlandse Gidsenbeweging, which changed its name to Nederlandse Gidsen.

During World War II all Scouting movements were prohibited and dissolved in the Netherlands, because the organizations refused to merge with National Youth Storm, the Dutch Nazi youth organization. Still, many continued their activities secretly. After the end of the war, Scouting again became popular and therefore many of the current local Scout Groups in the Netherlands were founded in 1945 or 1946; the four separate organisations existed until 1973. The emblem of "De Nederlandse Padvinders" consisted of a Fleur-de-lis and a banner with the Scout Motto "Weest Paraat"; the emblem of "Het Nederlandse Padvindstersgilde" consisted of a ten-point white star for the ten lines in the Girl Scouts law on a blue Trefoil for Girl Scouting/Guiding with the Scout Motto "Wees Bereid", variants are still in use by Het Surinaamse Padvindsters Gilde, Het Arubaanse Padvindsters Gilde and Padvindstersvereniging van de Nederlandse Antillen. Before 1936 the NPG had the same emblem with an eight-point star because of an eight-point law.

Het Nederlandsche Meisjesgilde had the same emblem with an eight-point star but with the letters NMG. The emblem of the "Katholieke Verkenners", consisted of a Fleur-de-lis for Boy Scouts, on a cross potent for Catholic Scouts, a variant was used by the Katholieke Verkenners Suriname; the emblem of the Nederlandse Gidsen consisted of a light blue Trefoil for Girl Scouting/Guiding on a yellow Cross potent for Roman Catholic Scouting/Guiding, a variant is still in use by the Gidsen Suriname. The emblems of the Leger des Heils Padvindersbond and Leger des Heils Padvindstersbond were based on the emblems of British Salvation Army Scouts and Guards, they show a lifebuoy with in the centre a Boy or Girl Scout and on the lifebuoy the name of the organisation. On banner is the motto "to Serve" written in Dutch; the symbols in the loops are: bible for caring for the soul, lamp for caring for others, eye for caring for the mind and gymmnastics clubs for caring for the body. Het Nederlandsche Meisjesgilde / Het Nederlandse Padvindstersgilde 1916-1936 Be much at home Do not despise any kind of work Be honest and faithful Be helpful for human and animal Speak and think no harm Obey without complaining Wear disappointment with cheerfulness Care for your healthThe NPG after 1936 and the NPV, KV, NG had a law, a direct translation / adaptation of the Scout Law.

Jean Jacques Rambonnet - chairman N. P. V. Chief Scout A. E. Oosterlee - May 1938 - Headquarters commissioner N. P. V; the Scout Motto is not in much use after the merger. The Motto before the merger was for Girl Guides Wees Bereid; the Dutch Scout Promise is one of the few in the world. It makes the Netherlands an exception to the WOSM guidelines; the Constitution of WOSM states that the Promise should include a reference to Duty to God, but six countries, including the Netherlands were granted the right in the 1920s by Lord Baden-Powell to addition