106 Dione

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
106 Dione
Discovery
Discovered by James Craig Watson
Discovery date 10 October 1868
Designations
MPC designation (106) Dione
Pronunciation /dˈn/
Named after
Dione
Main belt
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 31 July 2016 (JD 2457600.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 145.03 yr (52972 d)
Aphelion 3.7032 AU (553.99 Gm)
Perihelion 2.64584 AU (395.812 Gm)
3.17451 AU (474.900 Gm)
Eccentricity 0.16653
5.66 yr (2065.9 d)
16.61 km/s
51.5257°
0° 10m 27.336s / day
Inclination 4.5972°
62.163°
329.725°
Earth MOID 1.65175 AU (247.098 Gm)
Jupiter MOID 1.73379 AU (259.371 Gm)
TJupiter 3.175
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 146.59±2.8 km[1]
147.17 ± 3.34[2] km
Mass (3.06 ± 1.54) × 1018 kg[2]
Mean density
1.83 ± 0.92[2] g/cm3
Equatorial surface gravity
0.0410 m/s²
Equatorial escape velocity
0.0775 km/s
16.26 h (0.678 d)[1]
16.26 ± 0.02 h[3]
0.0893±0.003
Temperature ~156 K
G (Tholen)
Cgh (Bus)[4]
7.41

106 Dione is a large main-belt asteroid. It probably has a composition similar to 1 Ceres. It was discovered by J. C. Watson on October 10, 1868,[5] and named after Dione, a Titaness in Greek mythology who was sometimes said to have been the mother of Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love and beauty. It is listed as a member of the Hecuba group of asteroids that orbit near the 2:1 mean-motion resonance with Jupiter.[6]

Dione was observed to occult a dim star on January 19, 1983, by observers in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands. A diameter of 147 ± 3 km was deduced,[7] closely matching the value acquired by the IRAS satellite.[citation needed]

Measurements made with the IRAS observatory give a diameter of 169.92 ± 7.86 km and a geometric albedo of 0.07 ± 0.01. By comparison, the MIPS photometer on the Spitzer Space Telescope gives a diameter of 168.72 ± 8.89 km and a geometric albedo of 0.07 ± 0.01. When the asteroid was observed occulting a star, the results showed a diameter of 176.7 ± 0.4 km.[8]

Photometric observations of this asteroid collected during 2004–2005 show a rotation period of 16.26 ± 0.02 hours with a brightness variation of 0.08 ± 0.02 magnitude.[3]

One of Saturn's satellites is also named Dione.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Yeomans, Donald K., "106 Dione", JPL Small-Body Database Browser, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, retrieved 12 May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Carry, B. (December 2012), "Density of asteroids", Planetary and Space Science, 73, pp. 98–118, arXiv:1203.4336Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012P&SS...73...98C, doi:10.1016/j.pss.2012.03.009.  See Table 1.
  3. ^ a b Pray, Donald P. (September 2005), "Lightcurve analysis of asteroids 106, 752, 847, 1057, 1630, 1670, 1927 1936, 2426, 2612, 2647, 4087, 5635, 5692, and 6235", The Minor Planet Bulletin, 32 (3): 48–51, Bibcode:2005MPBu...32...48P. 
  4. ^ DeMeo, Francesca E.; et al. (2011), "An extension of the Bus asteroid taxonomy into the near-infrared" (PDF), Icarus, 202 (1): 160–180, Bibcode:2009Icar..202..160D, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2009.02.005, archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-17, retrieved 2013-03-22.  See appendix A.
  5. ^ "Numbered Minor Planets 1–5000", Discovery Circumstances, IAU Minor Planet center, retrieved 2013-04-07. 
  6. ^ McDonald, Sophia Levy (June 1948), "General perturbations and mean elements, with representations of 35 minor planets of the Hecuba group", Astronomical Journal, 53, p. 199, Bibcode:1948AJ.....53..199M, doi:10.1086/106097. 
  7. ^ Kristensen, L. K. (1984), "The diameter of (106) Dione", Astronomische Nachrichten, 305 (4), pp. 207–211, Bibcode:1984AN....305..207K, doi:10.1002/asna.2113050410. 
  8. ^ Ryan, Erin Lee; et al. (April 2012), "The Kilometer-Sized Main Belt Asteroid Population as Revealed by Spitzer", arXiv:1204.1116Freely accessible [astro-ph.EP]. 

External links[edit]