SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

1071

Year 1071 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. August 26 – Battle of Manzikert: The Byzantine army under Emperor Romanos IV meets the Seljuk Turk forces of Sultan Alp Arslan near the town of Manzikert. Although the armies are evenly matched, as the Byzantines advance the Seljuk Turks withdraw before them, launching hit-and-run attacks on the Byzantine flanks. While attempt to withdraw the Byzantine army falls apart, either through treachery or confusion – the battle ends in a decisive defeat for the Byzantine Empire. Romanos is captured and much of the elite Varangian Guard is destroyed. October 24 – Romanos IV is deposed by Caesar John Doukas and his political advisor Michael Psellos. Michael VII is crowned co-emperor – and his mother Eudokia is forced to retire to a monastery. February 22 – Battle of Cassel: Robert I defeats his sister-in-law Richilde and her nephew Arnulf III, in a succession struggle for the County of Flanders. Robert is appointed count by King Philip I.

April 15 – Siege of Bari: The capital of Bari, the last Byzantine-controlled city in the Catepanate of Italy, is captured by Italo-Norman forces under Duke Robert Guiscard after a 32-month siege. The English rebels under Hereward and Morcar, Saxon former earl of Northumbria, are forced to retreat to their stronghold on the Isle of Ely, they are defeated. Edwin, earl of Mercia, rebels against William I, but killed, his castle and lands at Dudley are given to William's Norman subjects. May – Zaynab an-Nafzawiyyah marries Yusuf ibn Tashfin, leader of the Almoravids, becomes his queen and co-regent. October 22 – William IX, duke of Aquitaine January 26 – Adelaide of Eilenburg, German noblewoman February 17 – Frozza Orseolo, German noblewoman February 22: Arnulf III, count of Flanders William FitzOsbern, 1st Earl of Hereford April 17 – Manuel Komnenos, Byzantine aristocrat May 24 – Wulfhild of Norway, duchess of Saxony August 22 – Lambert II Suła, archbishop of Kraków September 5 – Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, Arab scholar October 16 – Almodis de la Marche, French nobleman December 2 – Ibn'Abd al-Barr, Moorish judge Domenico I Contarini, doge of Venice Durand de Bredons, French abbot and bishop Edwin, earl of Mercia Eleanor of Normandy, countess of Flanders Fujiwara no Yorimichi, Japanese nobleman Geoffrey of Hauteville, Norman military leader Guido da Velate, archbishop of Milan Henry II, count of Leuven Ibn Zaydún, Andalusian poet and writer Isabella of Urgell, queen consort of Aragon Robert Crispin, Norman mercenary leader William Malet, Norman nobleman

Natal dwarf puddle frog

The Natal dwarf puddle frog is a species of frog in the family Phrynobatrachidae. It is found in Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Namibia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Togo, Zambia and Burkina Faso, Chad and Mauritania, its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, dry savanna, moist savanna, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, subtropical or tropical moist shrubland, subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland, subtropical or tropical seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, intermittent rivers, freshwater lakes, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, arable land, rural gardens, urban areas degraded former forest and seasonally flooded agricultural land. The Natal dwarf puddle frog is a small frog with a rounded snout and warty skin, growing to a snout-to-vent length of about 25 to 31 mm.

The digits do not have enlarged tips and the fingers are unwebbed. It has a uniformly coloured greenish or brownish dorsal surface darker around the warts, a whitish belly; the male has a prominent black vocal sac on the throat during the breeding season. The Natal dwarf puddle frog feeds on a variety of invertebrates including beetles, bugs, cockroaches, grasshoppers and spiders. Termites may be the most-frequently eaten food item; this frog breeds in the rainy season. At this time, males call and both sexes aggregate at ponds, marshes, water accumulated in wheel ruts and other wet locations; the eggs float and a clutch of several hundred form a raft on the surface and hatch about four days later. The tadpoles take about four to five weeks to develop to metamorphosis; the Natal dwarf puddle frog is listed by the IUCN as being of "Least Concern" as it is an adaptable species with a wide range and its numbers appear to be stable

Trin-i-tee 5:7 discography

American gospel girl group Trin-i-tee 5:7 has released five studio albums, two compilation albums, one holiday album, one extended play, fifteen singles. Trin-i-tee 5:7 released their self-titled debut album in the United States in July 1998 and it peaked at number 139 on the Billboard 200, it earned a gold certification in the United States by the Recording Industry Association of America. The album's lead single, "God's Grace", reached number twenty-three on the Billboard Gospel Airplay. Second album, Spiritual Love, was released in December 1999, was their breakthrough release debuting at number 1 on the Billboard Top Gospel Albums chart; the second single, "My Body", peaked at number thirty-five on the US Billboard Adult R&B Songs. The album sold over one million copies worldwide; the group's third album, The Kiss, was released in the summer of 2002 and peaked at number two on Billboard Top Gospel Albums. After a five year hiatus, the group reunited to record their fourth studio album, T57, released in September 2007.

The album reached number two on the Top Gospel Albums. Three singles were released from the album: "Listen", "I Will Lift", "Get Away". A fifth studio album, Angel & Chanelle, was released in May 2011 following their split. Trin-i-tee 5:7 has sold over 2.5 million records worldwide, All Music Guide ranks them as one of the most successful contemporary gospel acts of their era