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1077

Year 1077 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. Fall – Nikephoros Bryennios, governor of the Theme of Dyrrhachium in the western Balkans, Nikephoros Botaneiates, a general of the Theme of Anatolics, are proclaimed emperors by their troops. Emperor Michael VII offers Bryennios the title of caesar if he submits to his rule, but Bryennios refuses, he sets out from Dyrrhachium, marches towards Constantinople. January 25 – Walk to Canossa: Emperor Henry IV travels to the Castle of Canossa near Reggio Emilia, to visit Pope Gregory VII, he waits for absolution of his excommunication. Gregory lifts the sentence. King Alfonso VI reaches an agreement with his brother Sancho Ramírez, elected as king of Navarre. Alfonso annexes the territories of Álava, part of Gipuzkoa and La Bureba, he is crowned and adopts the title of Imperator totius Hispaniae. April 3 – Henry IV grants the County of Friuli to Sigaerd of Beilstein, patriarch of Aquileia, he creates the first Parliament. Hugh I, duke of Burgundy, supports Sancho Ramírez in his conquest of the Castle of Muñones from Emir Ahmad al-Muqtadir, who rules the Taifa of Zaragoza.

King Mihailo I is given the title "King of the Slavs" by Gregory VII. He becomes the first recognized ruler of the kingdom of Duklja. Robert II instigates his first insurrection against King William I, in Normandy; the first recorded trial by combat is held between Walter. August 14 – A fire destroys much of London. Suleiman ibn Qutulmish, a cousin of late Sultan Alp Arslan, consolidates his leadership over the Oghuz Turks and founds the Sultanate of Rum. Anushtegin Gharchai becomes a vassal of the Seljuk Empire; the Almoravids complete the conquest of the Ghana Empire, reach Spain. The Bayeux Tapestry is completed in England to unveil at the dedication of Bayeux Cathedral this year. September 1 – Pope Gregory VII appoints Landulf as bishop of Pisa, he makes him permanent legate of the Holy See in Corsica. Paul of Caen is installed as abbot of St. Albans in England, he commences the building of St. Albans Abbey Church. Pope Christodolos ends his reign as leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.

January 7 – Zhe Zong, emperor of the Song Dynasty Alexios Komnenos, Byzantine aristocrat and governor Joseph ibn Migash, Spanish scholar and rabbi Ye Mengde, Chinese scholar and poet April 11 – Anawrahta, founder of the Pagan Empire April 25 – Géza I, king of Hungary October 14 – Andronikos Doukas, Byzantine nobleman November 27 – Landulf VI, prince of Benevento December 14 – Agnes of Poitou, Holy Roman Empress December 21 – Abu'l-Fadl Bayhaqi, Persian historian December 27 – Sviatoslav II, Grand Prince of Kiev Eleanor of Normandy, countess of Flanders Minamoto no Takakuni, Japanese nobleman Roussel de Bailleul, Norman warrior and military leader Shao Yong, Chinese philosopher and cosmologist Zhang Zai, Chinese philosopher and cosmologist

List of GP2 Series race winners

GP2 Series, is the support series of the FIA Formula One World Championship. The GP2 Series season consists of a series of races, divided to Sprint; each winner is presented with a trophy and the results of each race are combined to determine two annual Championships, one for drivers and one for teams. Stoffel Vandoorne holds the record for the most Grand Prix victories. Pastor Maldonado is second with ten wins and Romain Grosjean with Giorgio Pantano are sharing third with nine wins. Luca Filippi holds the distinction of having the longest time between his last, he won his first GP2 race in 2007 GP2 Series in the Bahrain International Circuit, his last in 2012 GP2 Series at Monza, a span of five years. Lewis Hamilton, Nelson Angelo Piquet, Nico Hülkenberg and Davide Valsecchi sharing the record for the most consecutive wins, having won three racing in a row; the first GP2 race winner was Heikki Kovalainen in the 2005 Imola Feature race, the most recent driver to score his first GP2 race win was Luca Ghiotto.

Updated to 27 November 2016 Updated to 27 November 2016 Updated to 27 November 2016

Drusilla Modjeska

Drusilla Modjeska is a contemporary Australian writer and editor. Drusilla Modjeska was raised in Hampshire, she spent several years in Papua New Guinea before arriving in Australia in 1971. She studied for an undergraduate degree at the Australian National University before completing a PhD in history at the University of New South Wales, published as Exiles at Home: Australian Women Writers 1925–1945. Modjeska's writing explores the boundaries between fiction and non-fiction; the best known of her work are Poppy, a fictionalised biography of her mother, Stravinsky's Lunch, a feminist reappraisal of the lives and work of Australian painters Stella Bowen and Grace Cossington Smith. She has edited several volumes of stories and essays, including the work of Lesbia Harford and a'Focus on Papua New Guinea' issue for the literary magazine Meanjin. In 2006 Modjeska was a senior research fellow at the University of Sydney, "investigating the interplay of race and the arts in post-colonial Papua New Guinea".

She has taught at the University of Technology, Sydney. 1983 – Walter McRae Russell Award for Exiles at Home 1991 – New South Wales Premier's Literary Awards, Douglas Stewart Prize for non-fiction for Poppy 1995 – New South Wales Premier's Literary Awards, Douglas Stewart Prize for non-fiction for The Orchard 2000 – New South Wales Premier's Literary Awards, Douglas Stewart Prize for non-fiction for Stravinsky's Lunch 2000 – Australian Literature Society Gold Medal for Stravinsky's Lunch Novels Poppy. ISBN 0-86914-099-X The Orchard. ISBN 0-330-35655-0 Review The Mountain Non-fiction Women Writers: A study in Australian cultural history, 1920–1939. Exiles at Home: Australian women writers 1925–1945. Inner Cities: Australian women's memory of place. Stravinsky's Lunch. ISBN 0-330-36186-4 Timepieces. ISBN 0-330-36372-7 ReviewSMH Review 2002 The Green in Glass: The work of Janet Laurence. Second Half First. Edited The Poems of Lesbia Harford. Sisters. ISBN 0-207-19032-1 The best Australian essays. ISBN 1-86395-278-0 Modjeska, Drusilla.

"Arise!". The Monthly. 43: 60–62. Review of Philip Roth, Indignation. Official website