The fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo is a species of cuckoo that resembles a black drongo. It is found resident in peninsular India in hill forests although some specimens are known from the Himalayan foothills, it can be distinguished by its straight beak and the white barred vent. It has a forked tail having a white spot on the back of the head; the song has been described as a series of 5 or 6 whistling "pip-pip-pip-pip-pip-" notes rising in pitch with each "pip". It is a brood parasite on small babblers, it is not known how or whether the drongo-like appearance benefits this species but it is suspected that it aids in brood-parasitism just as hawk-cuckoos appear like hawks. The species was described by Brian Hodgson from Nepal as Pseudornis dicruroides, it was placed as a subspecies of Surniculus lugubris. In 2005 it was suggested that the species was should be split from the more narrowly defined square-tailed drongo-cuckoo Surniculus lugubris due to morphological and call differences
Christopher Paul Colfer is an American actor and author. He gained international recognition for his portrayal of Kurt Hummel on the television musical Glee. Colfer's portrayal of Kurt received critical praise for which he has been the recipient of several awards, including Best Supporting Actor in a Series, Miniseries or Television Film at the 2011 Golden Globe Awards, three consecutive People's Choice Awards for Favorite Comedic TV Actor in 2013, 2014 and 2015. In April 2011, Colfer was named one of Time's list of the 100 most influential people. Colfer wrote, starred in, novelized his first film, Struck by Lightning, which debuted at the 2012 Tribeca Film Festival, he is a New York Times number-one bestselling author of The Land of Stories: The Wishing Spell, the first novel in his middle-grade reader series. As of September 2019, he has published fifteen books. Colfer was born in Clovis, the son of Karyn and Timothy Colfer, he is of Irish ancestry, has stated: "I'm Irish, my family is all Irish and St. Patrick's day in my house is crazy."
As a child he was confined to a hospital bed for three months following lymph-node surgery, which left a scar on his neck, which he credits as one of the difficult experiences that made him interested in fictional worlds. At an early age, Colfer showed a passion for writing, he was "born wanting to be a storyteller," using both writing and acting as ways to entertain people and escape reality. His grandmother was his first editor and encouraging him in elementary school when he first attempted to write a fairytale-inspired novel, which would become The Land of Stories. In 2012, Colfer dedicated his first published novel to her, quoted her: "Christopher, I think you should wait until you're done with elementary school before worrying about being a failed writer."Colfer was bullied so in middle school that he needed to be home schooled for half of 7th grade and 8th grade. When he attended Clovis East High School, he got involved with the speech and debate program, won "champion titles," including placing ninth in the State Competition for Dramatic Interpretation.
He was active in the drama club, the FFA, "was president of the Writer's Club, editor of the school's literary magazine, captain of Destination ImagiNation". As a high school senior, he wrote, starred in, directed a spoof of Sweeney Todd entitled "Shirley Todd", in which all of the roles were gender-reversed. One of his real in-school experiences was turned into a sub-plot for his character on Glee, when the high school teachers denied him the chance to sing "Defying Gravity" from the musical Wicked because it is traditionally sung by a woman, his grandmother, a minister, let. The first show in which he was involved with community theater was West Side Story, he appeared in a production of The Sound of Music as Kurt von Trapp, which inspired the naming of his Glee character. At age 18, Colfer starred as Russel Fish in Russel Fish: The Sausage and Eggs Incident, a short film where an awkward teenager must pass a Presidential Physical Fitness test or fail gym class and lose his admission to Harvard University.
Colfer's first TV role came in 2009. Kurt is a fashionable gay countertenor, bullied at school, for being gay and participating in the unpopular Glee Club. Colfer auditioned for the part of Artie Abrams, who uses a wheelchair, a role which went to Kevin McHale; the show's creator, Ryan Murphy, was so impressed with Colfer that he created the role of Kurt for him, in the process, scrapped a planned character called Rajish so they could add Kurt. Murphy explained in the season two finale of the Glee Project that Colfer was the inspiration for the project show because he didn't fit the role he auditioned for but was still "incredible and special" so a role was created for him. In a 2010 interview with Allison Kugel, Colfer stated that: There have been a couple of times when I have gone to Ryan Murphy and told him a couple of things that have happened to me, he writes it into the show. Or he'll ask me what song I would want to sing, in that situation. I don't think any of us directly try to give input on the character or on the storyline, but they steal things from us.
Colfer won the 2011 Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor in a Television Series for his performance as Kurt Hummel. In his emotional acceptance speech, he thanked Ryan Murphy for being his "fairy godfather" and dedicated the award to kids who have been bullied and told "they can't have what they want because of who they are." He was twice nominated for an Emmy Award in the Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series category for his portrayal of Kurt. In 2013 and 2014, Colfer won consecutive People's Choice Awards for Favorite Comedic TV Actor. Both speeches he gave were praised by the media for being funny while making references to things like fanfiction and fanart to show his appreciation for fan culture. On June 8, 2011, Colfer signed a book deal with Little and Company to write two novels for children; the series follows twins Alex and Conner as they magically travel through a cherished book of stories and have adventures in a land where they come face-to-face with the fairy tale characters they grew up reading about.
The first book in the series, The Land of Stories: The Wishing Spell, was released on July 17, 2012. For two weeks after the book's release it was number one on The New York Times Best Seller list in the Children's Chapter Books category; the second book in the series, The Land of Stories: The Enchantress Returns, was released on August 6, 2013. It debuted at number two