Year 1082 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. Spring – The Normans under Duke Robert Guiscard take Dyrrhachium in Illyria and advance inland, capturing most of Macedonia and Thessaly. Robert is forced to leave Greece to deal with an uprising in Italy, he leaves his son Bohemond in charge of the army. Emperor Alexios I mobilizes a new army, with the support of 7,000 Seljuk Turks he clears Thessaly from the Normans. Byzantine–Venetian treaty: Alexios I signs a trade and defence pact with Venice, in the form of an imperial Golden Bull, he grants the Venetians a commercial colony in Constantinople, as well as free trading and exemption from taxes, throughout the Byzantine Empire in return for their defense of the Adriatic Sea against the Normans. May 12 – Battle of Mailberg: Duke Vratislaus II of Bohemia invades Austria with an army of 8,000 men, he defeats the forces under Margrave Leopold II near Mailberg. The northern region of Lower Austria is devastated from famine. December 6 – Count Ramon Berenguer II of Barcelona is killed while hunting in the woods.

He is succeeded by his twin brother Berenguer Ramon II as the sole ruler of Catalonia. Winter – Emperor Henry IV leads an expedition into Italy and besieges Rome, he gains entry. Adalbero, margrave of Styria, is forced to resign in favor of his brother Ottokar II, an ally of Gregory VII; the first mention of the town of Hofgeismar is recorded. The Korean printing of the entire Buddhism Tripitaka is completed. Construction of the Rochester Cathedral is completed in England. June 7 – Hui Zong, emperor of the Song Dynasty November 11 – Ramon Berenguer III, count of Barcelona Goswin of Anchin, French Benedictine monk and abbot Mary of Scotland, countess of Boulogne Minamoto no Yoshikuni, Japanese samurai Muhammad I, sultan of the Seljuk Empire Petronilla of Lorraine and regent of Holland Theotonius of Coimbra, Portuguese royal advisor Ulrich of Attems, Italian nobleman Yaropolk II Vladimirovich, Grand Prince of Kiev December 5 – Ramon Berenguer II, count of Barcelona Arsen Ninotsmindeli, Georgian bishop and calligrapher Bolesław II, king of Poland David of Munktorp, English Cluniac monk and abbot Lothair Udo II, margrave of the Nordmark Waleran I, count of Arlon and Limburg

Nathalie Manfrino

Nathalie Manfrino is a French soprano. For UNIVERSAL- DECCA, She recorded her first disc, "French Heroines" with The Monte-Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra, DECCA label, which received the Golden Orpheus and the "Georg Solti prize", her second solo recording album, Méditations, is a tribute to Jules Massenet, with the Monte-Carlo philharmonic orchestra conducted by Michel Plasson. She was given the medal of chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the minister of culture in 2011. In November 2001, Nathalie Manfrino makes her debut on stage as Mélisande in Debussy’s “PELLEAS et MELISANDE” at the Marseille Opera House, in Toulouse’s Theatre du Capitole. July 2003 sees Nathalie as Roxane in Alfano’s “Cyrano de Bergerac” in Montpellier’s Opera-Comédie and for the Radio-France Festival. Since, on stage she has been: Marguerite - FAUST Gounod, Roxane - CYRANO Alfano, Michaela - CARMEN Bizet, Sarah-LE REVENANT, Eurydice-ORPHÉE Gluck, Juliette - ROMEO Gounod, Fiordiligi - COSI Mozart, Rozenn - LE ROI D’YS, Manon - MANON Massenet, Mimi - BOHÈME Puccini, Thaïs - THAÏS Massenet, Héro - BÉATRICE et BENEDICT Berlioz, Leïla - PÉCHEURS Bizet, Mireille - MIREILLE Gounod, Lodoiska - LODOISKA Cherubini, Clelia Conti - CHARTREUSE DE PARME Sauguet, la princesse Saamcheddine - MAROUF Henri Rabaud, Gilda - RIGOLETTO Verdi, Violetta - TRAVIATA Verdi.

She has appeared with Placido Domingo and Roberto Alagna, notably in the role of Roxane in Alfano's Cyrano de Bergerac. In recordings, she has specialised in rarer French operatic repertoire including forgotten works such as Debussy's Rodrigue et Chimène. Le Roi Artus from Ernest Chausson. On stage, Louise de Mezières from Jules Massenet, La Chartreuse de Parme from Sauguet, Marouf from Rabaud, Le Roi d'Ys from Lalo... Her repertoire as a lyrical soprano is dedicate to French and Italian operas, but she sings a lot of sacred music. She has given several concerts all around the world: Rome Caracalla’s Termes. Cyrano de Bergerac. 2CD DG. Héroïnes Françaises FRENCH HÉROÏNES: Gounod: Roméo et Juliette, Faust. Massenet: Thaïs, Hérodiade, Delibes: Lakmé, Bizet Vasco de Gama. Debussy L'enfant prodigue, Rodrigue et Chimène. Lalo Le Roi d'Ys. Chausson Le Roi Arthus. Conducted Emmanuel Villaume, Orchestre Philharmonique de Monte Carlo. Decca 2007 Massenet - arias. MÉDITATIONS: La Vierge, Marie-Magdeleine, Grisélidis, Ariane Cléopâtre.

Michel Plasson. Orch. Phil. Monte Carlo. Decca 2012 Lodoïska, Cherubini, naïve vocalise, MESSIEANDVD Cyrano de Bergerac. DG. artist website

Andrea Basili

Andrea Basili, was an Italian composer and music theorist. He was father of Francesco Basili, his teacher was Tommaso Gaffi. He was maestro di capella at Cathedral of San Lorenzo Martire, Tivoli Basilica della Santa Casa. Il martirio di Santa Sinforosa e dei sette santi suoi figliuoli nobili Tiburtini La Passione di Gesù Cristo Salmi con testo parafrasato in italiano Christus factus est a 4 voci Christus factus est a 5 voci 3 Miserere a 8 voci Miserere a 10 voci Missa breve a 4 voci Beatus vir a 4 voci Confitebor a 4 voci Laetatus a 4 voci Nisi dominus a 4 voci Ave Maria a 4 voci Iustorum animae a 5 voci Kyrie e Gloria a 4 voci Salve regina a 4 voci Fuga in ottava tono plagale sopra l'antifono Veni Sponsa Christi Litanie a 3 voci Miserere double choir a 8 voci Another 150 sacred works