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1083

Year 1083 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. January 6 – Sancho Garcés, an illegitimate son of the late King García Sánchez III, his brother Ramiro Garcés are killed by treachery of King Alfonso VI of Castile at Castle Rueda, where many other nobles lose their lives, including Count Gonzalo Salvadórez. Castilian forces under Alfonso VI reconquer Talavera de la Reina in the Taifa of Toledo. King Sancho I of Aragon, an brother of Alfonso VI, conquers Graus. Summer – Emperor Henry IV besieges Pope Gregory VII in Castel Sant'Angelo at Rome. King William I imprisons his half-brother Odo of Bayeux for planning a military expedition to Italy. Ceuta falls after a five-year siege. December 1 – Anna Komnene, Byzantine princess Florine of Burgundy, French noblewoman and crusader Jindřich Zdík, bishop of Olomouc Li Gang, Chinese politician and Grand Chancellor Otto IV, count palatine of Bavaria Qadi Ayyad, Almoravid imam and chief judge Raymond du Puy, French knight and Grand Master Shin Panthagu, Burmese Buddhist monk and primate Viacheslav I Vladimirovich, Grand Prince of Kiev January 6 Gonzalo Salvadórez, Spanish nobleman Ramiro Garcés, Spanish nobleman Sancho Garcés, Spanish nobleman January 11 – Otto of Nordheim, duke of Bavaria September 2 – Munjong of Goryeo, Korean ruler November 2 – Matilda of Flanders, queen of England December 5 – Sunjong of Goryeo, Korean ruler Adelelm of Jumièges, Norman monk and abbot Basil Apokapes, Byzantine general Ermengarde of Tonnerre, French noblewoman Nicodemus of Palermo, Italian bishop and saint Robert de Grandmesnil, Norman nobleman Theodora Anna Doukaina, Venetian dogaressa Touzi Yiqing, Chinese Zen Buddhist monk Zeng Gong, Chinese scholar and historian

Software (novel)

Software is a 1982 cyberpunk science fiction novel written by Rudy Rucker. It won the first Philip K. Dick Award in 1983; the novel is the first book in Rucker's Ware Tetralogy, was followed by a sequel, Wetware, in 1988. Software introduces Cobb Anderson as a retired computer scientist, once tried for treason for figuring out how to give robots artificial intelligence and free will, creating the race of boppers. By 2020, they have created a complex society on the Moon, where the boppers developed because they depend on super-cooled superconducting circuits. In that year, Anderson is a pheezer—a freaky geezer, Rucker's depiction of elderly Baby Boomers—living in poverty in Florida and terrified because he lacks the money to buy a new artificial heart to replace his failing, secondhand one; as the story begins, Anderson is approached by a robot duplicate of himself who invites him to the Moon to be given immortality. Meanwhile, the series' other main character, Sta-Hi Mooney the 1st—born Stanley Hilary Mooney Jr.—a 25-year-old cab driver and "brainsurfer", is kidnapped by a gang of serial killers known as the Little Kidders who eat his brain.

When Anderson and Mooney travel to the Moon together at the boppers' expense, they find that these events are related: the "immortality" given to Anderson turns out to be having his mind transferred into software via the same brain-destroying technique used by the Little Kidders. The main bopper character in the novel is Ralph Numbers, one of Anderson's 12 original robots, the first to overcome the Asimov priorities to achieve free will. Having duplicated himself many times—as boppers are required to do, to encourage natural selection—Numbers finds himself caught up in a lunar civil war between the masses of "little boppers" and the "big boppers" who want to merge all robot consciousness into their massive processors. Software title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database

El Namroud

El Namroud is a Lebanese-Israeli brand of arak, manufactured in the eponymous distillery in the Goren Industrial Area, Ma'ale Yosef Regional Council, in the Upper Galilee. The distillery was founded by Elias Karam, one of the South Lebanon Army militiamen who fled to Israel after the year 2000 withdrawal from southern Lebanon, with aid from General Antoine Lahad, a relative of Karam. For religious kashrut purposes, the actual work in all steps of preparing the arak is done by Jews, with the Lebanese experts contributing the knowledge and supervising the work; the distillery produces two varieties of arak: the clear Arak El Namroud and the golden-colored Aged Arak El Namroud, matured in oak wine barrels for six months