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1092

Year 1092 was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. Summer – Emperor Alexios I bribes one of Kilij Arslan's officials to recover Sinope, neighbouring coastal regions, he uses the Byzantine fleet to defeat the Seljuk navy off the coast of Cius in Bithynia. January 14 – Vratislaus II, the first king of Bohemia, dies after a 6½-year reign and is succeeded by his brother Conrad I who becomes duke and not king because Vratislaus has been elevated to the royal dignity'for life' by Emperor Henry IV. Conrad dies at September 6 after a 8-month reign and is succeeded by his nephew Bretislav II. Summer – King William II annexes Cumbria from the Scottish Celtic kingdom of Strathclyde, builds Carlisle Castle. May 11 – Lincoln Cathedral, one of England's finest Gothic buildings, is consecrated. High tides cause great flooding in Scotland; the Kentish lands of Earl Godwin are inundated. November 19 – Sultan Malik-Shah I dies after a 20-year reign while hunting; the Seljuk Empire falls into chaos, his brother Tutush I and rival successors carve up their own independent sultanates in the Middle East.

Malik-Shah is succeeded by his son Mahmud I. Su Song, a Chinese statesman and scientist, publishes his Xin Yi Xiang Fa Yao, a treatise outlining the construction and operation of his complex astronomical clocktower, built in Kaifeng, it includes a celestial atlas of five star maps. April 21 – The Diocese of Pisa is elevated to the dignity of an metropolitan archdiocese by Pope Urban II. May 21 – Synod of Szabolcs: King Ladislaus I assembles an council of the prelates of Hungary at the fortress of Szabolcs. Adélaide de Maurienne, queen of France Al-Mustarshid, caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate Fulk V, king of Jerusalem Magnús Einarsson, bishop of Skálholt Peter the Venerable, French monk and abbot Sachen Kunga Nyingpo, Tibetan Buddhist leader Sybilla of Normandy, queen of Scotland Zhang Jiucheng, Chinese politician January 14 – Vratislaus II, duke and king of Bohemia May 7 – Remigius de Fécamp, bishop of Lincoln September 6 – Conrad I, duke of Bohemia October 14 – Nizam al-Mulk, Seljuk vizier November 19 – Malik-Shah I, Seljuk sultan Abu'l-Qasim, Seljuk general and governor Bermudo Ovéquiz, Spanish nobleman Bogumił, archbishop of Gniezno Ermengol IV, count of Urgell Helibo, Chinese nobleman and chieftain Jordan of Hauteville, Italo-Norman nobleman Richard de Montfort, French nobleman

Johannes Voorhout

Johannes Voorhout was a Dutch Golden Age painter. Voorhout was the son of the Amsterdam clock maker Cornelis Voorhout. Seeing that his son was better suited to drawing than the technical aspects of watch making, he apprenticed him to Constantijn Verhout in Gouda; this Verhout was a painter of modern history scenes, after 6 years, he moved back to Amsterdam in 1664 to work in the workshop of Jan van Noordt, a history and portrait painter. After working there for 5 years, he married in 1670, in 1672, worried about a pending invasion by the French, he fled the country and settled in Friedrichstadt, where his wife had some friends, he was received by Juriaan Ovens. Ovens wanted him to come work for him, but Voorhout turned down his offer, but followed his advice to try his luck in Hamburg. There he was quite successful, and, where his son Johannes was born in 1677. For Dirck Clant of Groningen, the lord of the Castle Hanckema, Voorhout painted a large portrait of the Stadthouder William III on horseback for him, placed in his castle near Groningen as an over-the-mantel piece.

This portrait is now in the Groninger Museum and was used in the 1930s as a model for the Dutch 500 guilder note. Having heard that the politics of Amsterdam were back to normal, he returned there in 1677, where he started his own workshop, he taught his son Johannes II, Ernst Stuven, but never had the success that he had enjoyed in Hamburg. This was because he was so productive, that customers couldn't make a choice when they came to his studio, but it was a result of the market in Amsterdam being much more competitive than in Hamburg, due to the high number of competent painters there. Houbraken ends his biographical sketch of him with the comment that he was too focussed on painting itself.

Castlevania: The Adventure

Castlevania: The Adventure is a platform game released for the Game Boy in 1989. It is the first Castlevania title for the system. Castlevania: The Adventure was re-released in color as part of the Konami GB Collection compilations in Japan and Europe. A remake titled Castlevania: The Adventure ReBirth was released as a WiiWare game for the Wii; the original game is included in the Castlevania Anniversary Collection, which released in 2019. Set a century before the events of the original Castlevania, the player controls an ancestor of Simon Belmont named Christopher Belmont who goes on a quest to defeat Dracula; the game consists of four stages, unlike other Castlevania games, there are no sub-weapons, but hearts are used to restore health. The player has three lives. Weapons can be upgraded, such as the whip into the chain whip and flame whip, but any enemy damage will downgrade an upgraded weapon. There are no stairs, unlike other Castlevania games. At the end of each level, there is a "primary evil".

Players can utilize crystals and crosses of gold. There is a point counter, at 10,000 points, a player receives an extra life, receives one for every 20,000 points after that; each stage has a time limit in which to complete the level. Castlevania: The Adventure received mixed reviews; the game was regarded difficult at times, with long levels and only three lives before playing the second cycle. The graphics were thought to be "competent", the music well-composed with memorable tunes. IGN said it had a basic design, none of the series' staple bosses, nothing original. Game Informer's Tim Turi felt that it was held back by its technical limitations but praised its sound quality. A series of comic books were released in 2005 by IDW Publishing called Castlevania: The Belmont Legacy, which are based on the game. Castlevania: The Adventure at MobyGames