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1094

Year 1094 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. Spring – Emperor Alexios I sends a Byzantine expeditionary force under General Tatikios to Nicaea in an attempt to re-capture the city from the Seljuk Turks; however the arrival of Barkiyaruq's army en route the Byzantines. Alexios sends short of supplies, the Seljuk Turks retreat. Abu ` l-Qasim, Seljuk governor of Nicaea, is forced to conclude a truce with Alexios. May – Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar completes his conquest of Valencia in Al-Andalus, he begins his rule of Valencia. The Almoravid campaign to regain the city fails. July 28 – William Bertrand dies and his margravial title of Provence is inherited by Raymond IV who becomes count of Toulouse. May – Duncan II invades at the head of an army of Norman knights Scotland, aided by his half-brother Edmund, he succeeds King Donald III, as ruler of Scotland. November 12 – King Donald III mobilizes his army and kills Duncan II in battle in the Lowlands, he re-takes the Scottish throne, Edmund sides with Donald as co-ruler and is named as heir as he has no children.

Sultan Mahmud. He is succeeded by his brother Barkiyaruq as ruler of the Seljuk Empire. May 15 – The Cathedral of St. Agatha in Catania is consecrated by the Breton abbot Ansger. October 8 – Doge Vitale Faliero consecrates the new Basilica of San Marco in Venice. King Ladislaus I of Hungary founds a diocese in Zagreb. January 14 – Eudokia Komnene, Byzantine princess Abd al-Mu'min, Almohad caliph Ibn Zuhr, Moorish physician Malachy, Irish archbishop and saint Richard d'Avranches, 2nd Earl of Chester January 10 – Al-Mustansir Billah, Fatimid caliph February 3 Al-Muqtadi, Abbasid caliph Teishi, Japanese empress June 2 – Nicholas the Pilgrim, Italian shepherd June 4 – Sancho V, king of Aragon and Pamplona July 28 – William Bertrand, margrave of Provence October 14 Bertha of Holland, French queen Fujiwara no Nobunaga, Japanese nobleman November 12 – Duncan II, king of Scotland Abu Ali Fana-Khusrau, Buyid nobleman Al-Bakri, Moorish historian and geographer Aq Sunqur al-Hajib, Seljuk sultan of Aleppo Badr al-Jamali, Fatimid vizier and statesman Isaac Albalia, Andalusian Jewish astronomer Jonathan I, Italo-Norman count of Carinola Mahmud I, sultan of the Seljuk Empire Michael of Avranches, Italian bishop Roger de Beaumont, Norman nobleman Roger de Montgomery, Norman nobleman Terken Khatun, Seljuk empress and regent William Fitzeustace, Norman nobleman Wulfnoth Godwinson, English nobleman

Atlanta Braves award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Atlanta Braves professional baseball franchise, including its years in Boston and Milwaukee. Note: This was re-named the Kenesaw Mountain Landis Memorial Baseball Award in 1944. Johnny Evers Bob Elliott Hank Aaron Dale Murphy Terry Pendleton Chipper Jones Warren Spahn Tom Glavine Greg Maddux John Smoltz Note: This was re-named the Jackie Robinson Rookie of the Year Award in 1987. Alvin Dark Sam Jethroe Earl Williams Bob Horner David Justice Rafael Furcal Craig Kimbrel Ronald Acuña Jr. See footnoteBobby Cox Brian Snitker Note: This award is given to the best defensive player in each league. Andrelton Simmons Hank Aaron Del Crandall Joe Torre Clete Boyer Félix Millán Phil Niekro Dale Murphy Terry Pendleton Greg Maddux Marquis Grissom Andruw Jones Mike Hampton Jeff Francoeur Jason Heyward Andrelton Simmons Ender Inciarte Freddie Freeman Nick Markakis Michael Bourn Jason Heyward Andrelton Simmons Note: In its first two years, the award was given to a player on each MLB team.

Starting in 2014, the award is now given to one player at each position for all of Major League Baseball. Team Michael Bourn Andrelton Simmons Shortstop Andrelton Simmons Right fielder Jason Heyward Dale Murphy Ron Gant Tom Glavine David Justice Fred McGriff Jeff Blauser John Smoltz Chipper Jones Mike Hampton Javy López Gary Sheffield Johnny Estrada Andruw Jones Brian McCann Ronald Acuña Jr. Ozzie Albies Freddie Freeman Andruw Jones Craig Kimbrel Craig Kimbrel Davey Johnson Lonnie Smith Terry Pendleton Andrés Galarraga Javy López Tim Hudson See: This Year in Baseball Awards § Award winners Note: These awards were renamed the "GIBBY Awards" in 2010 and the "Esurance MLB Awards" in 2015. Note: Voted by five groups as the best in all of Major League Baseball. See footnoteJohn Smoltz See footnoteCraig Kimbrel See footnoteChris Hammond Andrelton Simmons Phil Niekro Dale Murphy John Smoltz Lew Burdette Tom Glavine Note: This was re-named the Ted Williams Most Valuable Player Award in 2002. Fred McGriff Brian McCann Hank Aaron Warren Spahn Babe Ruth Cy Young Rogers Hornsby Note: The nominees were: Chipper Jones, Phil Niekro, John Smoltz, Warren Spahn.

Hank Aaron — voted by MLB fans as the most outstanding player in the history of the franchise, based on on-field performance, leadership quality and character value Hank Aaron Right field runner up behind Babe Ruth Warren Spahn Left handed starting pitcher runner up behind Sandy Koufax. Babe Ruth Right field winner Rogers HornsbySecond base winner Warren SpahnRight handed starting pitcher runner up behind Walter Johnson *Casey StengelManager winner Baseball's 100 Greatest Players See footnoteHank Aaron 5th Warren Spahn 21st Greg Maddux 39th Eddie Mathews 63rd See: Baseball Prospectus Internet Baseball Awards#Team of the Decade Rotation: Greg Maddux, Cubs–Braves Tom Glavine, Braves Pitcher of the Decade: Greg Maddux, Cubs–Braves Note: Awarded by fellow major-league players as the Player of the Year in Major League Baseball. Andruw Jones Chipper Jones Andruw Jones Greg Maddux John Smoltz See footnoteJohn Smoltz Craig Kimbrel Note: Awarded as the Rookie of the Year in Major League Baseball.

2000 – Rafael Furcal 2010 – Jason Heyward Chipper Jones Rafael Furcal Craig Kimbrel Ronald Acuña Jr. Note: In 1961 and from 1963 to 2003, the award was split into two categories: Rookie Pitcher of the Year and Rookie Player of the Year. For the first three years and in 1950, there was only one award, for all of MLB. Carl Willey Earl Williams Bob Horner Steve Bedrosian Craig McMurtry David Justice Chipper Jones Rafael Furcal Jason Heyward Craig Kimbrel Craig Kimbrel Craig Kimbrel See: Baseball America#Baseba

4th Infantry Division (United States)

The 4th Infantry Division is a division of the United States Army based at Fort Carson, Colorado. It is composed of a Division Headquarters and Headquarters Battalion, three Brigade Combat Teams, a Combat Aviation Brigade, the 4th Infantry Division Sustainment Brigade, a Division Artillery; the 4th Infantry Division's official nickname, "Ivy", is a play on words of the Roman numeral IV or 4. Ivy leaves symbolize tenacity and fidelity, the basis of the division's motto: "Steadfast and Loyal"; the second nickname, "Iron Horse", has been adopted to underscore the speed and power of the division and its soldiers. The 4th Division was organized at Camp Greene, North Carolina on 10 December 1917 under the command of Maj. Gen. George H. Cameron, it was here they adopted their distinctive insignia, the four ivy leaves. The ivy leaf came from the Roman numerals for four and signified their motto "Steadfast and Loyal"; the division was organized as part of the United States buildup following the Declaration of War on 6 April 1917 and the entry of the United States into the war on the side of the British and French.

Headquarters, 4th Division 7th Infantry Brigade 39th Infantry Regiment 47th Infantry Regiment 11th Machine Gun Battalion 8th Infantry Brigade 58th Infantry Regiment 59th Infantry Regiment 12th Machine Gun Battalion 4th Field Artillery Brigade 13th Field Artillery Regiment 16th Field Artillery Regiment 77th Field Artillery Regiment 4th Trench Mortar Battery 10th Machine Gun Battalion 4th Engineer Regiment 8th Field Signal Battalion Headquarters Troop, 4th Division 4th Train Headquarters and Military Police 4th Ammunition Train 4th Supply Train 4th Engineer Train 4th Sanitary Train 19th, 21st, 28th, 33rd Ambulance Companies and Field Hospitals For the Battle of Saint-Mihiel, the division moved into an area south of Verdun as part of the First United States Army. General John Pershing, commander of the American Expeditionary Force on the Western Front, had gotten the French and British to agree that the AEF would fight under its own organizational elements. One of the first missions assigned to the AEF was the reduction of the Saint-Mihiel salient.

The 4th Division, assigned to V Corps, was on the western face of the salient. The plan was for V Corps to push southeast and to meet IV Corps, pushing northwest, thereby trapping the Germans in the St. Mihiel area; the 59th Infantry Regiment moved into an area occupied by the French, deploying along a nine kilometer front. On 12 September, the first patrols were sent forward by the 59th; the 4th Division attack began on 14 September with the 8th Brigade capturing the town of Manheulles. All along the front, the American forces closed the St. Mihiel salient. On 26 September, the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, began. Moving under the cover of darkness for secrecy, the Americans had moved into their sector of the front following the completion of their mission in the St. Mihiel area. Three United States Army corps were assigned sectors along the United States part of the front. III Corps held the extreme right part of the front with V Corps to their left; the 4th Division was assigned to III Corps. The III Corps sector had the 33rd Division on the right, the 80th Division had the center, the 4th was assigned the left, with the 79th Division of V Corps on their left.

The 7th Brigade was moved to the line in the trenches around Hill 304. The division plan called for one brigade to fight until exhausted and send the other brigade forward to press the attack; the attack of 26 September was made through a narrow valley. The 7th Brigade moved through the valley and, while taking large numbers of German prisoners, reached the second line of defenses by 09:00 near the town of Cuisy; the Germans provided a formidable opposition, but the 39th Infantry overcame them and moved through Septsarges. During this first day, the 7th Brigade had captured 1700 prisoners, more than 40 guns. Division headquarters was moved forward to Cuisy. On 27 September the attack resumed with an artillery barrage; the 39th Infantry followed the barrage until they encountered withering machine gun fire from the Bois des Ogons where they were held up. The 8th Brigade was brought forward on 29 September to take the place of the 39th on the line; the 8th Brigade moved through the Bois de Brieulles but met increasing machine gun fire from the Bois des Ogons.

Little progress was made over the next four days as the terrible condition of the roads at the rear hampered re-supply and reinforcement efforts. By 3 October, Phase I of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive was over. Through the strenuous efforts of the supply and ammunition trains, enough materiel had been acquired to resume the attack by 3 October; the division plan was to fight its way through the many forests surrounding the city of Brieulles and capture the city. On the morning of 4 October, the 8th Brigade moved out of the foxholes and moved across open ground under the cover of heavy fog; as the fog lifted the Germans opened fired from the front, the left and the right. The 58th fought forward wearing gas masks since many of the projectiles contained gas managing to gain a foothold in the Bois des Fays; the line was able to advance no further for the next 4 days enduring constant shelling and German night patrols attempting to infiltrate their lines. Forward movement was again ordered on 9 October with the 7th Brigade attacking.

The 8th Brigade was withdrawn for rest. The 39th Infantry was designated as the assaulting unit; the order to attack came just at sundown. With difficulty, the men stumbled forward under fire. Little progress could be made; the 39th withdrew to resume