109th Field Artillery Regiment (United States)

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The 109th Field Artillery Regiment is an artillery regiment of the United States Army and the Pennsylvania Army National Guard.

The unit was organized on October 17, 1775 and is one of the oldest military units in the United States Army,[1] the first unit commander was Colonel Zebulon Butler. The unit traces is origins to the Connecticut Militia under the 24th Regiment since the Wyoming Valley was a part of Connecticut at the time, after alternating between an infantry and artillery unit throughout the early years and campaigns, the battalion was designated as the 109th Field Artillery Regiment on October 11, 1917.

During the 1950s and 1960s, under the Pentomic army structure, the 2nd Battalion, 109th Artillery, served with the 28th Division.

1st Battalion[edit]

1st Battalion, 109th FA, (the "Wyoming Valley Guards") is a battalion of the United States Army, maintained by the Pennsylvania Army National Guard. It is a subordinate formation of the 197th fires brigade, its headquarters is at the historic Kingston Armory located in Kingston, PA. The unit was organized on October 17, 1775 and is one of the oldest military units in the United States Army.

In 1984-85 the 1st Battalion was part of the divisional artillery of the 28th Infantry Division.[2]

Recent news articles in 2014 and 2015 stated the 55th BCT is under consideration for inactivation by late 2016 and as a result may inactivate the battalion.

The task organization has changed multiple times throughout the decades as the force structure of the Army and National Guard changes, as of 2015, the task organization consists of Headquarters, Headquarters Battery, Alpha Battery, Bravo Battery, Charlie Battery, and Fox Forward Support Company of the 228th Support Battalion.

Campaign Participation Credit[edit]

Revolutionary War[edit]

  • Brandywine[3]
  • Germantown
  • New Jersey 1777
  • Pennsylvania 1777
  • Pennsylvania 1778
  • Pennsylvania 1779

Mexican War[edit]

  • Vera Cruz
  • Cerro Gordo

Civil War[edit]

  • Chancellorsville
  • Gettysburg
  • Wilderness
  • Spotsylvania
  • Cold Harbor
  • Petersburg
  • Virginia 1861
  • Virginia 1863

World War I[edit]

  • Oise-Aisne
  • Ypres-Lys
  • Meuse-Argonne
  • Champagne 1918
  • Lorraine 1918

World War II[edit]

  • Normandy
  • Northern France
  • Rhineland
  • Ardennes-Alsace
  • Central Europe

War on Terrorism[edit]

  • To Be Determined

Decorations[edit]

  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered ARDENNE
  • Luxembourg Croix de Guerre, Streamer embroidered LUXEMBOURG

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zierdt, William (1932). Narrative History of the 109th Field Artillery (1st ed.). Wilkes-barre, PA.: Wyoming Historical and Geological Society. 
  2. ^ Isby and Kamps, Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's Publishing Company, 1985, p.383.
  3. ^ "109th Field Artillery Regiment Lineage and Honors, U.S. Army Center of Military History (CMH)". www.history.army.mil. Retrieved 2015-10-11.