Beijing is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China and the worlds third most populous city proper. It is also one of the worlds most populous capital cities, the city, located in northern China, is governed as a direct-controlled municipality under the national government with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts. Beijing is the second largest Chinese city by population after Shanghai and is the nations political, cultural. It is home to the headquarters of most of Chinas largest state-owned companies, and is a hub for the national highway, expressway, railway. The citys history dates back three millennia, as the last of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, Beijing has been the political centre of the country for much of the past eight centuries. Beijing was the largest city in the world by population for much of the second millennium A. D, the city is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, parks, gardens, tombs, walls and gates. Its art treasures and universities have made it centre of culture, encyclopædia Britannica notes that few cities in the world have served for so long as the political headquarters and cultural centre of an area as immense as China. Siheyuans, the traditional housing style, and hutongs, the narrow alleys between siheyuans, are major tourist attractions and are common in urban Beijing. The city hosted the 2008 Summer Olympics and was chosen to host the 2022 Winter Olympics, many of Beijings 91 universities consistently rank among the best in China, of which Peking University and Tsinghua University are ranked in the top 60 universities in the world. Beijings Zhongguancun area is known as Chinas Silicon Valley and Chinas center of innovation. According to the 2016 InterNations Expat Insider Survey, Beijing ranked first in Asia in the subcategory Personal Finance Index, expats live primarily in urban districts such as Dongcheng and Chaoyang in the east, or in suburban districts such as Shunyi. Over the past 3,000 years, the city of Beijing has had other names. The name Beijing, which means Northern Capital, was applied to the city in 1403 during the Ming Dynasty to distinguish the city from Nanjing, the English spelling is based on the pinyin romanisation of the two characters as they are pronounced in Standard Mandarin. Those dialects preserve the Middle Chinese pronunciation of 京 as kjaeng, the single Chinese character abbreviation for Beijing is 京, which appears on automobile license plates in the city. The official Latin alphabet abbreviation for Beijing is BJ, the earliest traces of human habitation in the Beijing municipality were found in the caves of Dragon Bone Hill near the village of Zhoukoudian in Fangshan District, where Peking Man lived. Homo erectus fossils from the date to 230,000 to 250,000 years ago. Paleolithic Homo sapiens also lived more recently, about 27,000 years ago. Archaeologists have found neolithic settlements throughout the municipality, including in Wangfujing, the first walled city in Beijing was Ji, a city from the 11th to 7th century BC
China, officially the Peoples Republic of China, is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the worlds most populous country, with a population of over 1.381 billion. The state is governed by the Communist Party of China and its capital is Beijing, the countrys major urban areas include Shanghai, Guangzhou, Beijing, Chongqing, Shenzhen, Tianjin and Hong Kong. China is a power and a major regional power within Asia. Chinas landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes, the Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from much of South and Central Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third and sixth longest in the world, respectively, Chinas coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometers long and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East China and South China seas. China emerged as one of the worlds earliest civilizations in the basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, Chinas political system was based on hereditary monarchies known as dynasties, in 1912, the Republic of China replaced the last dynasty and ruled the Chinese mainland until 1949, when it was defeated by the communist Peoples Liberation Army in the Chinese Civil War. The Communist Party established the Peoples Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949, both the ROC and PRC continue to claim to be the legitimate government of all China, though the latter has more recognition in the world and controls more territory. China had the largest economy in the world for much of the last two years, during which it has seen cycles of prosperity and decline. Since the introduction of reforms in 1978, China has become one of the worlds fastest-growing major economies. As of 2016, it is the worlds second-largest economy by nominal GDP, China is also the worlds largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. China is a nuclear weapons state and has the worlds largest standing army. The PRC is a member of the United Nations, as it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U. N. Security Council in 1971. China is also a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the BCIM, the English name China is first attested in Richard Edens 1555 translation of the 1516 journal of the Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa. The demonym, that is, the name for the people, Portuguese China is thought to derive from Persian Chīn, and perhaps ultimately from Sanskrit Cīna. Cīna was first used in early Hindu scripture, including the Mahābhārata, there are, however, other suggestions for the derivation of China. The official name of the state is the Peoples Republic of China. The shorter form is China Zhōngguó, from zhōng and guó and it was then applied to the area around Luoyi during the Eastern Zhou and then to Chinas Central Plain before being used as an occasional synonym for the state under the Qing
Cala, My Dog!
Cala, My Dog. is a 2003 Chinese comedy film directed by Lu Xuechang. The film had its premiere at the 2003 Berlin International Film Festival. The film follows a blue-collar worker in Beijing as he attempts to acquire a dog license in 18 hours for his beloved unlicensed Cala, the film was co-produced by the successful film director Feng Xiaogang. Though a comedy, Cala, My Dog. moves at a subdued pace, despite this, during its world premiere in Berlin, sales agents from Celestial Pictures billed the film as a more zany, traditional comedy. Lao Er lives a life as a laborer in Beijing with his wife Yu Lan, his son Liangliang and his beloved dog. Lao Ers life is thrown into turmoil when the government in an effort to control rabies, decrees that all unlicensed dogs are to be cast out of the city. Lao Er, determined to get his dog back, sends his son to coerce an uncle working in the pound to get the dog back, when that fails, he goes to his neighbor in order to use her dogs license to trick the pound. When that too fails, Lao Er becomes desperate, all dealing with a wife who becomes increasingly jealous over his visits to his neighbor. Ge You as Lao Er, the films protagonist, Lao Er, ding Jiali as Yu Lan, Lao Ers wife. Li Bin as Liangliang, Lao Ers son, Li Qinqin as Yang Li, Lao Ers neighbor and friend, her dog is the mother of Cala. Xia Yu as the police officer, Zhang Dali as Yang Lis ex-husband. The Story of Qiu Ju — Zhang Yimous 1992 satire presents another view on Chinese bureaucracy, admittedly one from an earlier decade. Cala, My Dog. at the Internet Movie Database Cala, My Dog. at AllMovie Cala, My Dog. at Rotten Tomatoes Cala, My Dog. from the Chinese Movie Database
Hero (2002 film)
Hero is a 2002 Chinese wuxia film directed by Zhang Yimou. Starring Jet Li as the nameless protagonist, the film is based on the story of Jing Kes assassination attempt on the King of Qin in 227 BC, Hero was first released in China on 24 October 2002. At that time, it was the most expensive project and the motion picture in Chinese film history. Miramax Films owned the American market distribution rights, but delayed the release of the film for two years. It was finally presented by Quentin Tarantino to American theaters on 27 August 2004, as a result, the king has implemented extreme security measures, no visitors are to approach the king within 100 paces. Nameless claims that he has slain the three assassins and he displays their weapons before the king, who allows the former to approach within ten paces and tell him his story. Nameless recounts first killing Long Sky, before traveling to meet Flying Snow and Broken Sword and he tells Sword that he is there to commission a calligraphy scroll with the character for Sword, secretly seeking to learn Swords skill through his calligraphy. Nameless also learns that Snow and Sword, who are lovers, had grown distant. Once the scroll is complete, Nameless reveals his identity and challenges both Snow and Sword to a duel the next day, Sword, who knows that the scroll has revealed his weaknesses to Nameless, makes love to his pupil Moon, but is seen by Snow. In revenge, Snow kills Sword, followed by Moon when she attempted to revenge for her master. The next day, Nameless kills the emotionally unstable Snow before the Qin army and he then narrates his guess at what really happened. Nameless explains that he can use this technique to kill the king and he further explains that he only needs to kill one of them in public to prove that he has killed both of them. Snow and Sword argue over who should be the one to die, Snow then proceeds to meet Nameless before the Qin army while Sword, still recovering from his wound, watches helplessly as Snow is defeated. Moon then gives Nameless her masters sword, telling him that the swords of Snow, Nameless admits that he does indeed possess the special technique the king alluded to. However he states that the King had underestimated Sword, and tells the true story, Nameless says that the special technique, while deadly, can also be used to deal a seemingly-fatal blow that nonetheless misses all the victims vital organs. He had used this technique on Sky, and now asked Snow and he demonstrates the technique by showing that it is highly accurate as well as deadly. Snow agrees to the plan, but Sword refuses, Snow angrily accuses Sword of ruining the opportunity they had three years ago, when they had broken into the Qin palace yet Sword had refused to kill the king. She then attacks Sword, and manages to wound him with Namelesss help, the next day, Nameless kills Snow in front of the Qin army
Gong Li is a Singaporean-Chinese actress. She is credited with helping to bring Chinese cinema to Europe, in 2008, she became a naturalized citizen of Singapore. Gong won the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress for Farewell My Concubine and she has also twice been awarded the Golden Rooster and the Hundred Flowers Awards, as well as the Berlinale Camera, and the Cannes Festival Trophy. Her other film appearances include Ju Dou, Raise the Red Lantern,2046, Gong Li was born in Shenyang, Liaoning, China, the youngest in a family of five children. Her father was a professor of economics and her mother was a teacher, Gong grew up in Jinan, the capital of Shandong. In 1985, Gong sought to study at Chinas top music school, later that same year, she was accepted to the prestigious Central Academy of Drama in Beijing and graduated in 1989. While a student at the Central Academy of Drama, she was discovered by Zhang Yimou and these roles established her reputation, according to Asiaweek, as one of the worlds most glamorous movie stars and an elegant throwback to Hollywoods golden era. In many of her movies, Gong represents a tragic victim. In June 1998, Gong Li became a recipient of Frances Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, two years later, she was invited by the Berlin Film Festival to be the president of its international jury at the festivals 50th anniversary. In 1993, she received a New York Film Critics Circle award for her role in Farewell My Concubine, directed by Chen Kaige, the film was her first major role with a director other than Zhang Yimou. In the same year, she was awarded with the Berlinale Camera at the 43rd Berlin International Film Festival, in 2006, Premiere magazine ranked her performance in Farewell My Concubine as the 89th greatest performance of all time. Immune to political repercussions because of her fame, Gong Li began criticizing the policy in China. Her films Farewell My Concubine and The Story of Qiu Ju were initially banned in China for being thinly-veiled critiques of the Chinese government, regarding the sexual content in Ju Dou, Chinese censorship deemed the film a bad influence on the physical and spiritual health of young people. Despite her popularity, Gong avoided Hollywood for years, due to a lack of confidence in speaking English and she made her English speaking debut in 2005 when she starred as Hatsumomo in Memoirs of a Geisha. Her performance was met generally positive reviews. Her other English-language roles to date included Chinese Box in 1997, Miami Vice in 2006, in all three films, she learned her English lines phonetically. She narrated Beijing, a walking tour by Louis Vuitton and Soundwalk. In 2010, she starred in the World War II-era thriller Shanghai as Anna Lan-Ting, during a press junket for the film, she stated that she was becoming more selective with the Chinese language projects offered to her