10th Independent Air Defence Army

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The 10th Independent Red Banner Air Defence Army (Military Unit Number 41137) was an army of the Soviet Air Defence Forces, active from 1960 to 1994. The headquarters was at Arkhangelsk, Arkhangelsk Oblast.

The army originates from the White Sea Air Defense Corps (Northern Military District) (commander of the Corps twice Hero of the Soviet Union Major General of Aviation Pyotr Afanasevich Pokryshev):

Northern Air Defense Army[edit]

To cover the European North in 1958 on the basis of the White Sea Air Defense Corps, the Northern Air Defense Army was formed in accordance with the directive of the General Staff of the Air Defense Forces of June 17, 1958, the new army included:

In 1959 a Guards air defense artillery regiment was incorporated into the Northern Air Defence Corps; subsequently, the anti-aircraft missile brigade (Peninsula)]). In 1960, an air defense missile regiment (transformed into a brigade) was relocated from the Odessa Air Defense Corps to the Arkhangelsk Region with a control point in Mirny. To strengthen fighter aviation, the 524th Fighter Aviation Regiment was transferred from the Air Force of the Northern Fleet, reequipped with the Yak-25, and relocated to Letneozersky Plesetsk District.

On March 24, 1960, the Commander-in-Chief of the Air Defense Forces decided to transform the Northern Army into the 10th Independent Air Defense Army. Subordinate formations were also assigned combined-arms numbers:

Forces in the 1980s[edit]

Fighter Regiments of the 10th Army PVO 1988[6]

Regiment Base Equipment Remarks
57th Fighter Aviation Regiment Norilsk Sukhoi Su-15TM Holm says at Besovets in 1988; disbanded 10.93.[7]
72nd Fighter Aviation Regiment Amderma Mikoyan MiG-31 Podolsk Red Banner Order of Suvorov
174th Fighter Aviation Regiment Monchegorsk Mikoyan MiG-31 2 Gds IAP 1945.
265th Fighter Aviation Regiment Poduzhemye, Karelian ASSR Sukhoi Su-27 23rd Air Defence Division. Disbanded 1994.
431st Fighter Aviation Regiment Afrikanda Sukhoi Su-27 431 IAP
445th Fighter Aviation Regiment Savatiya (Kotlas) Mikoyan MiG-25P 445 IAP
518th Fighter Aviation Regiment Talagi Airport Mikoyan MiG-31 518 IAP 1945.[8]
524th Fighter Aviation Regiment Letneozersk Mikoyan MiG-25P 22nd Air Defence Corps. Disbanded 1994[9]
641st Fighter Aviation Regiment Rogachevo Sukhoi Su-27
941st Fighter Aviation Regiment Kilpyavr Sukhoi Su-27 63rd Guards IAP
991st Fighter Aviation Regiment Besovets Mikoyan MiG-25P

Feskov et al. 2004 reports the 470th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment in addition, but Holm's information makes it likely this is a mistake. The regiment is reported at Afrikanda.

The army was disbanded on 1 December 1994.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Order of the People's Commissar of Defense from 1954
  2. ^ The General Staff of the General Staff of the Air Defense Forces of June 17, 1958
  3. ^ The General Staff Directive of the Air Defense Forces of June 17, 1958
  4. ^ Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR of April 30, 1975
  5. ^ "21st Air Defence Corps". Ww2.dk. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  6. ^ Source Feskov et al. 2004, 151.
  7. ^ "57th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO". Ww2.dk. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  8. ^ "518th Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO". Ww2.dk. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  9. ^ "524th Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO". Ww2.dk. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  10. ^ Michael Holm 10th independent Air Defence Army

Further reading[edit]

  • "Советские Войска ПВО в последние годы Союза ССР. Часть 1" by A.G. Lenskiy and M.M. Tsybin, Saint Petersburg 2013, 164 pages. Comprehensive history of the Air Defence Forces, with unit histories of all units in existence during the last years of the USSR. Volume 2 is expected in 2014.
  • V.I. Feskov, Golikov V.I., K.A. Kalashnikov, and S.A. Slugin, The Armed Forces of the USSR after World War II, from the Red Army to the Soviet (Part 1: Land Forces). (В.И. Слугин С.А. Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской (часть 1: Сухопутные войска)) Тomsk, 2013.[1] Improved version of 2004 work with many inaccuracies corrected.
  • «На страже северного неба» (Москва, 2005) председатель совета ветеранов 10-й армии ПВО генерал-майор А. С. Иванов