10th legislature of the Islamic Republic of Iran

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10th Islamic Consultative Assembly
9th 11th
Jurisdiction Islamic Republic of Iran
Meeting place Baharestan
Term May 28, 2016 (2016-05-28) –
Election 26 February and 29 April 2016
Government Rouhani I (2016–2017)
Rouhani II (2017–present)
Islamic Consultative Assembly
Members 290
Speaker Ali Larijani (2016– )
1st Deputy Masoud Pezeshkian (2016– )
2nd Deputy Ali Motahari (2016– )
Hope Mohammad Reza Aref
Wilayi Hamid-Reza Haji Babaee
Independents Kazem Jalali
1st May 28, 2016 (2016-05-28) – May 29, 2017 (2017-05-29)
2nd May 30, 2017 (2017-05-30) –

The 10th Islamic Consultative Assembly is the 34th and current Parliament of Iran that commenced on 28 May 2016 following the legislative elections on 26 February and 29 April 2016.

According to Anoushiravan Ehteshami, three things make this parliament noteworthy: return of the reformists to the parliamentary arena, a record of 17 seats held by female lawmakers and the fact that only 26% of the incumbent MPs were re-elected in the elections, makes it a less experienced parliament.[1]

Parliamentary groups[edit]

The parliament has three main parliamentary groups:

Parliamentary group Voting strength President
Pro-Rouhani Hope ≈103[2] ≈193[3] Mohammadreza Aref[3]
Wilayi Independents Unknown Kazem Jalali[3]
Opposition Wilayi Deputies <111[3] Hamidreza Hajibabai[3]

The reformist Hope fraction is the largest bloc by number, however it is unable to form a partnership with a great number of newcomers and independents who owe little allegiance to any particular faction. Instead, the conservative allies of Hassan Rouhani led by Ali Larijani have effectively mobilized them. It was clearly illustrated when Mohammad Reza Aref declined to stand for the speaker and Larijani was re-elected uncontested with 237 out of 276 votes.[1]


  1. ^ a b Ehteshami, Anoushiravan (2017). "Politics of the Islamic Republic". Iran: Stuck in Transition. The Contemporary Middle East. Taylor & Francis. p. 102. ISBN 9781351985451. 
  2. ^ "Reformists Eye Control of Majlis Presiding Board", Financial Tribune, 25 May 2017, retrieved 25 May 2017 
  3. ^ a b c d e Rohollah Faghihi (4 November 2016), "Iran's parliament shows its true colors", Al-Monitor, retrieved 25 May 2017