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1103

Year 1103 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. Spring – Bohemond I, Norman prince of Antioch, is released from Seljuk imprisonment at Niksar after a ransom is paid of 100,000 gold pieces. During his absence, Tancred attacks the Byzantines and re-capture the cities of Tarsus and Mamistra in Cilicia. Tancred is deprive of his lordship by Bohemond's return, is rewarded with a small fief within the Principality of Antioch; the Crusaders under Raymond IV invade the Beqaa capture Tortosa to isolate Tripoli. Raymond expands towards the Orontes River, begins to build a castle on the Mons Peregrinus which helps in the Siege of Tripoli. Emperor Alexios I supports the Crusaders by sending a Byzantine fleet to blockade the port of Tripoli. Summer – The Crusaders led by Bohemond I and Joscelin of Courtenay raid the territory of Aleppo to gain supplies, they capture the town of Muslimiyah, extract a large tribute. Sultan Fakhr al-Mulk Radwan, the Seljuk ruler of Aleppo, agrees to pay 7,000 gold pieces and ten horses to the Crusaders while Bohemond agrees to release all Seljuk prisoners captured at Muslimiyah.

August 24 – King Magnus III is killed in battle with the Ulaid in Ulster. Sigurd Jorsalfare, Øystein Magnusson and Olaf Magnusson succeed him as joint kings of Norway. April 27 – Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury, goes again in exile after a dispute with King Henry I over the appointment of bishops and abbots into important Church positions. August 5 – Queen Matilda of Scotland, wife of Henry I, gives birth to their first son William Adelin at Winchester, they have a daughter, Princess Matilda. Li Jie, Chinese government minister, publishes his Yingzao Fashi technical treatise on Chinese architecture, during the reign of Emperor Hui Zong of the Song Dynasty; the Scandinavian city of Lund in the Swedish province of Scania becomes a see of the Catholic Church, namely the Archdiocese of Lund. February 24 – Toba, emperor of Japan March 24 – Yue Fei, Chinese general and poet August 5 – William Adelin, duke of Normandy Adeliza of Louvain, queen of England Aénor de Châtellerault, duchess of Aquitaine Alfonso I, count of Tripoli and Toulouse Henry II, margrave of the Saxon Ostmark Rögnvald Kali Kolsson, Norwegian earl Wivina, French Benedictine abbess January 17 – Frutolf of Michelsberg, German monk March 18 – Sybilla of Conversano, Norman duchess July 10 – Eric I, king of Denmark August 24 – Magnus III, king of Norway October 19 – Humbert II, count of Savoy Al-Hakim al-Munajjim, Persian Nizari missionary Boedil Thurgotsdatter, Danish queen Ebles II, French nobleman Henry I, German nobleman Isaac Alfasi, Algerian Talmudist and posek Manegold of Lautenbach, German priest Osbern FitzOsbern, bishop of Exeter Sibylla of Burgundy, duchess of Burgundy William Firmatus, Norman hermit and pilgrim

Bhadriraju Krishnamurti

Bhadriraju Krishnamurti was an Indian Dravidianist and linguist. He was born in Ongole, he was Vice Chancellor of Hyderabad Central University from 1986 to 1993 and founded the Department of Linguistics at Osmania University where he served as professor from 1962 to 1986. His magnum opus The Dravidian Languages is considered a landmark volume in the study of Dravidian linguistics. Krishnamurti was a close associate of Murray Barnson Emeneau, he got his A. M. and Ph. D. degrees from the University of Pennsylvania in 1957 respectively. His grandson Ravi Bhadriraju was the rhythm guitarist in death metal band Job for a Cowboy. Krishnamurti is considered to be among the first to apply the rigour of modern comparative linguistic theory to further the study of Dravidian languages, his thesis Telugu Verbal Bases is the first comprehensive account of comparative Dravidian phonology and derivational morphology of verbal bases in Dravidian from the standpoint of Telugu. His comprehensive grammar on koṃḍa or Kūbi is a monumental work in the area of non-literary Dravidian languages.

His research was devoted to the central problems of phonology and morphology/syntax of Dravidian, he made significant contributions in advancing the nascent field of comparative and historical Dravidian studies in the second half of the twentieth century. His Comparative Dravidian Linguistics: Current Perspectives is a collection of twenty-one important articles published during the period 1955–1998, which attempts to provide solutions to many outstanding problems of Dravidian linguistics, his recent work The Dravidian Languages published by Cambridge University Press is a culmination of the scholarly research carried out by him in the last fifty years. It replaces Caldwell's one-hundred-fifty-year-old A comparative Grammar of Dravidian or South Indian Family of Languages as a comprehensive and authoritative source of reference on the Dravidian languages. After a brief service at the University of California, Berkeley, he returned to India and started the Department of Linguistics at Osmania University which became the first center of Advanced Studies in Linguistics in India.

He was instrumental in conceptualizing and implementing the compilation of A Telugu Dialect Dictionary of Occupational Vocabularies in Andhra Pradesh, so far over a dozen volumes covering different occupations and dialects have been published. This series is first of its kind in India. Krishnamurti worked as a lecturer in Telugu at Andhra University. Krishnamurti was associated with the study of South Indian languages in many western institutions, was a visiting professor of linguistics at several universities, he was the first Asian Fellow at ANU, a Resident Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences and Rama Watumaull Distinguished Indian Scholar at the University of Hawaii. He was a Visiting Professor at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Cornell University, Australian National University, Tokyo University, University of Pennsylvania, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, University of Hawaii, University of Texas at Arlington. Resident Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Member, Institute for Advanced Study, Visiting Fellow, Research Centre for Linguistic Typology, Institute for Advanced Study, La Trobe University, Visiting Scientist, Max Planck Institute in Evolutionary Anthropology, Germany.

He was the first of the two Indian scholars to become a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, only second Indian after S. K. Chatterji to receive an honorary membership from the Linguistic Society of America in 1985, he was elected Corresponding Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, UK, in 2004. He had been an executive member of Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi, 1990-2002, he was conferred an honorary doctorate in literature by Sri Venkateswara University in 1998, by Dravidian University in 2007. He was elected Fellow of Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi, in 2004, he received the Gidugu Ramamurti Award at the 15th TANA, July 2005. He was the first recipient of the Telugu Bhaarati Award instituted by C. P. Brown Academy, Hyderabad, he received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 10th ATA, New Jersey, for significant contributions to Telugu and Dravidian linguistics, 3–5 July 2008. He was presented Indian Linguistics, Vol. 70, as Festschrift by the Linguistic Society of India, on the occasion of his 80th birth year in 2009.

He died after a brief illness in 2012. Krishnamurti, Bhadriraju. Telugu Verbal Bases: A Comparative and Descriptive Study. UCPL. 24. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 978-1-258-17843-7. Krishnamurti, Bhadriraju. A Basic Course in Modern Telugu. Hyderabad: Department of Linguistics, Osmania University (reprinted in 2006 by Telugu Akademi, Hyderab

2013 OFC Futsal Championship

The 2013 OFC Futsal Championship known as the OFC Futsal Championship Invitational 2013, was the ninth edition of the main international futsal tournament of the Oceanian region, organized by the Oceania Football Confederation. It took place from 23 to 27 July 2013, was hosted by Auckland, New Zealand. Eight teams took part in the tournament, including Malaysia and Australia and a'New Zealand Invitational' side. Golden Boot Dylan Manickum Golden Ball Toby SeetoGolden Glove Angelo Konstantinou 8 goals Dylan Manickum6 goals Jeffery Bule5 goals Daniel Fogarty Khairul Mohd Bahrin Yvan Pourouoro Mote Tino Ben Hungai4 goals Adam Cooper Toby Seeto Micah Lea'alafah Pakoa Rakom3 goals 2 goals 1 goal Own goals Samuel Osifelo Mainon Kaouwi Y. Pourouoro