110393 Rammstein

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110393 Rammstein
Discovery [1][2]
Discovered by J.-C. Merlin
Discovery site Le Creusot Obs.
Discovery date 11 October 2001
MPC designation (110393) Rammstein
Named after
(hard rock-metal band)
2001 TC8
main-belt · (middle)
background [3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 15.62 yr (5,704 days)
Aphelion 2.9427 AU
Perihelion 2.4774 AU
2.7101 AU
Eccentricity 0.0859
4.46 yr (1,630 days)
0° 13m 15.24s / day
Inclination 12.164°
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter
3.0 km (est. at 0.20)[4]
5.5 km (est. at 0.06)[4]

110393 Rammstein, provisional designation 2001 TC8, is a background asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 4 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 11 October 2001, by French astronomer Jean-Claude Merlin at the Le Creusot Observatory in France. The asteroid was named after the German hard rock-metal band Rammstein.[2]

Orbit and classification[edit]

A telescope is required to see Rammstein, as its maximum brightness is ​148193 of the brightness of the faintest objects that can be seen with the unaided eye.[5] It is a non-family asteroid from the main belt's background population.[3] It orbits the Sun in the central asteroid belt at a distance of 2.5–2.9 AU once every 4 years and 6 months (1,630 days; semi-major axis of 2.71 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.09 and an inclination of 12° with respect to the ecliptic.[1]

The body's observation arc begins with its first observation made by LONEOS at Lowell Observatory on September 2001, less than a month prior to its official discovery observation at Le Creusot.[2]

Physical characteristics[edit]

The asteroid's spectral type is unknown.[1]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

Rammstein has not been observed by any of the space-based surveys such as the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite or the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer. Based on a generic magnitude-to-diameter conversion, the asteroid measures 3.0 and 5.5 kilometers in diameter based on an absolute magnitude of 15.0 and a geometric albedo of 0.20 and 0.06, which roughly correspond to a body of carbonaceous and stony composition, respectively (both types are common in the central asteroid belt).[2][4] The Minor Planet Center (MPC) similarly estimates the object's mean-diameter to be between 3 and 6 kilometers.[5]

Rotation period[edit]

As of 2018, no rotational lightcurve of Rammstein has been obtained from photometric observations. The body's rotation period, shape and poles remain unknown.[1][6]


This minor planet was named after the German NDH-Metal band Rammstein, which in turn took its name from the city of Ramstein after the tragic 1988 air show disaster at Ramstein Air Base (also see Ramstein air show disaster).[2] The official naming citation was published by the MPC on 19 February 2006 (M.P.C. 55989).[7]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 110393 Rammstein (2001 TC8)" (2017-05-02 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "110393 Rammstein (2001 TC8)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  3. ^ a b "Small Bodies Data Ferret". Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c "Asteroid Size Estimator". CNEOS NASA/JPL. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  5. ^ a b "110393 Rammstein – Special page". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  6. ^ "LCDB Data for (110393) Rammstein". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  7. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 

External links[edit]