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1104

Year 1104 was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. Summer – The Byzantines re-occupy the Cilician cities of Tarsus and Mamistra. A naval squadron, under Admiral Cantacuzenus, pursues in Cyprian waters a Genoese raiding fleet, sails on to Latakia, where they capture the harbour and the lower city. Bohemond I reinforces the garrison in the citadel. Spring – The Crusaders, led by Bohemond I, re-invade the territory of Aleppo, try to capture the town of Kafar Latha; the attack fails. Meanwhile, Joscelin of Courtenay cuts the communications between the Euphrates. May 7 – Battle of Harran: The Crusaders under Baldwin II are defeated by the Seljuk Turks. Baldwin and Joscelin of Courtenay are taken prisoner. Tancred becomes regent of Edessa; the defeat at Harran marks a key turning point of Crusader expansion. May 26 – King Baldwin I captures Acre, the port is besieged from April, blockaded by the Genoese and Pisan fleet. Baldwin promises a free passage to those who wants to move to Ascalon, but the Italian sailors plunder the wealthy Muslim emigrants and kill many of them.

Autumn – Bohemond I departs to Italy for reinforcements. He takes with him gold and silver, precious stuff to raise an army against Emperor Alexios I. Tancred becomes co-ruler over Antioch – and appoints his brother-in-law, Richard of Salerno, as his deputy. Toghtekin, Seljuk ruler of Damascus, founds a short-lived principality in Syria. September 3 – St. Cuthbert is reburied in Durham Cathedral. September 28 – Alfonso I becomes king of Aragon and Navarre. King David IV of Georgia defeats 100,000 Seljuk Turks with only 1,500 warriors. Sultan Kilij Arslan I of the Sultanate of Rum starts a war with the Danishmendids; the Venetian Arsenal is founded in Venice. Autumn – The volcano Hekla erupts in Iceland and devastates farms for 45 miles around. April 21 – The new basilica at Vézelay Abbey in France is dedicated. Euphrosyne of Polotsk, Kievan princess Fujiwara no Kiyosuke, Japanese waka poet Gens du Beaucet, French hermit and saint Ibn Zafar al Siqilli, Arab-Sicilian politician Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester Vladimir Volodarevich, Galician prince Waleran de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Worcester June 8 – Duqaq, Seljuk ruler of Damascus September 25 – Simon II, French nobleman October 26 – Johann I, bishop of Speyer Al-Mansur ibn al-Nasir, Hammadid ruler Danishmend Gazi, ruler of the Danishmends Ebontius, bishop of Barbastro Herewald of Llandaff, Welsh bishop Peter I, king of Aragon and Navarre Seraphin, archbishop of Esztergom Serlo, Norman cleric and abbot Sökmen, governor of Jerusalem Svend Tronkræver, Danish prince

JAMfest Super Nationals

JAMfest Super Nationals is one of the biggest competitions that JAMfest Cheer and Dance offers. This competition has been held in Indianapolis, Indiana since 1999 inside the Indiana Convention Center, where this event has been and will be held until 2020; this event is a two-day competition. The first day of competing is worth 25% of your total score and the second and final day is worth the other 75% of your score. For the last 5 years there have been over 400 cheerleading teams that have attended and competed and those teams have come from over twenty states and two countries; this event is one of the biggest steps for All Star Cheerleaders and can land them a bid to The Cheerleading Worlds. The Cheerleading Worlds is the "final destination" in an All Star Cheerleaders life, it is where they show everything they have in two minute and thirty seconds in hopes of becoming World Champions. The day before JAMfest Super Nationals starts, another competition is held for certain elite teams from all over.

This smaller competition is only a one day event, your team must be invited to compete. This one day event is known as the Majors and the teams that compete in it, are classified as "the best of the best"; the Cheerleading Worlds is the highest success for any all star level 5 team. The Cheerleading Worlds competition is held in Florida every year. School teams and "All-Star" teams once competed against each other when this competition was first founded; the National Cheerleaders Association decided. So they created different divisions for each level of their difficulty. Teams attend competitions like JAMfest Super Nationals to obtain a bid to this competition. Cheerleaders are only able to compete at worlds if their team receives a bid or an "invite." The Cheerleading Worlds is held every year in Florida at ESPNs Wide World of Sports. On top of trophies and medals that can be won, they win a World Champion ring. Jammy is not only the mascot for JAMfest Cheer and Dance but he is their spirit icon.

Jammy attends every JAMfest event and is on the look out for the next spirit award winner. Having good spirit is a great and positive way to get any team noticed and Jammy makes sure those teams get the recognition they deserve

Christiern Pedersen

Christiern Pedersen was a Danish canon, humanist scholar, writer and publisher. Christiern Pedersen was born in Denmark, he was studied from 1496 at the University of Greifswald. He from 1505 was a canon at Lund Cathedral, he studied at the University of Paris from 1508 to 1515, where in 1511 he received a Master of Arts degree. During his stay in Paris he developed an interest in writing and publishing. At that time Paris was the undisputed capital of the still-new printing press. While considering writing a new Latin-Danish lexicon, he wrote a replacement for the 300-year-old Latin grammar, written in 1199 by Alexander of Villedieu, still used as standard in the schools of Denmark at that time. In 1510 he published his new Latin-Danish lexicon, called Vocabularium ad usum Dacorum, he wanted to re-publish the huge 300-year-old chronicle of Denmark, Gesta Danorum, written by Saxo Grammaticus, but he did not know the location of the original manuscript. At that time the most knowledge of this work came from a summary called Compendium Saxonis located in Chronica Jutensis, dated about 1342.

Undoubtedly this is how Pedersen knew of it. Pedersen began to send letters to friends all over Denmark, trying to locate the original Saxo work, but they either did not have it or did not want to release it to him, he travelled to Denmark to search through libraries and monasteries, but still could not find one. Unexpectedly a letter arrived from Archbishop Birger Gunnersen of Lund stating that he had found a copy in his district and it would be made available to Pedersen. With the help of Jodocus Badius Ascensius, whose relationship with Pedersen had now grown to more than just a professional one, they published this new work-over of Gesta Danorum, titled Danorum Regum heroumque Historiae, 15 May 1514, in Paris; this is today the oldest known complete copy of Saxo’s Gesta Danorum. In 1516, Pedersen worked for Archbishop Birger Gunnersen. In 1522, he became Kanzler under Johann Wess. However, during the reign of the next Archbishop, Aage Sparre, Pedersen was accused of treason, among other things, resulting in Pedersen leaving for Germany.

As he was loyal to King Christian II, he followed him in exile to the Netherlands in 1526, after meeting him in Berlin, where he spent the next five years in the then-Dutch city of Lier. In 1529, he became Lutheran. Margaret of Austria, Regent of the Low Countries asked Christian II to dismiss him, but the exiled king ignored her request, he did not return to Denmark before 1532, got permission to settle in Malmø, where he opened a printing press shop. His continued loyalty towards King Christian II gained him no friends among the nobility, it did not get better when he participated in the Civil War on the losers' side, he married Else Jacobsdatter in 1534 in Malmø, who died during childbirth in 1539. Pedersen sold his printing press shop and moved to Copenhagen in 1541. During these years he translated the Bible to Danish; this was to become his life's work, which sometimes earns him the title "the father of Danish literature". Finished in 1543, but first published in 1550, this work, was not only a masterpiece of translation, but technically excellent, with good-quality graphics and woodcuts.

This is the first complete Danish Bible translation. 3000 copies were printed by Ludwig Dietz. Pedersen was ill during the last 10 years of his life, but he continued to work until his death in 1554, while he was living with relatives in Helsinge. Pedersen's notable works include: 1510, Vocabularium ad usum Dacorum 1514, Danorum Regum heroumque Historiae 1515, "Jærtegnspostil" 1529, "Det Ny Testamente" 1533, "Nøttelig Legebog faar Fattige och Rige Unge och Gamle" 1534, "Karl Magnus Krønike" 1534, "Kong Holger Danskes Krønike" 1550, "Biblia - Christian d.3.s Bibel" Additionally, a revised edition of the Danish "Rimkrøniken" and a Danish translation of Saxo’s "Gesta Danorum" were produced. It was never published and was lost in the library fire at Copenhagen University in 1728, he has written many other smaller works. Apoteker Sibbernsens Saxobog, C. A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen, 1927 Anders Sørensen Vedel, Den Danske Krønicke Saxo-oversættelse 1575 udgivet i facsimile af Det danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab, G. E.

C Gad, Copenhagen, 1967 Helle Stangerup, Saxo Hans værk – Hans verden, Høst & Søn forlag 2004, ISBN 87-14-29949-6 "Pedersen, Christiern". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1911. Works by or about Christiern Pedersen at Internet Archive