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1109

Year 1109 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. July 12 – Siege of Tripoli: After a 7-year siege, Tripoli falls to the Crusaders. Fakhr al-Mulk Radwan, Seljuk sultan of Aleppo, submits to Bertrand of Toulouse, he establishes the County of the fourth Crusader state in the Middle East. Bertrand deposes Raymond's nephew William II as nominal count of Tripoli, who dies of an arrow wound sustained during the siege. Summer – Almoravid emir Ali ibn Yusuf organizes an public ritual of penance of the works of Al-Ghazali, in front of the Great Mosque of Cordoba. July 1 – Urraca of León becomes queen of León, Castile and Galicia after the death of her father, King Alfonso VI, she marries Alfonso I. August 10 – Battle of Nakło: Bolesław III leads an expedition into Pomerania, he besieges the castle of Nakło, defeats a Pomeranian relief force. August 24 – Siege of Głogów: German forces led by King Henry V besiege Głogów, he is forced to abandon the siege – due to attacks of Polish guerilla warriors.

August 24 – Battle of Hundsfeld: Bolesław III defeats the imperial forces under Henry V at Hundsfeld. The Germans are ambushed by the Polish forces; the Almoravid army led by Ali ibn Yusuf fails to reconquer Toledo. Anselm of Laon, French monk and theologian, becomes chancellor of the cathedral at Laon. July 25 – Afonso I, king of Portugal September 7 – Gongye, Korean queen October 29 – Injong of Goryeo, Korean king Abu'l-Hasan al-Hasan ibn Ali, Zirid emir Al-Rashid, caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate Béla II, king of Hungary and Croatia Bertrand de Blanchefort, French Grand Master William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel January 26 – Alberic of Cîteaux, French abbot April 14 – Fulk IV, count of Anjou April 21 – Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury April 28 – Hugh the Great, abbot of Cluny May 12 – Dominic de la Calzada, Spanish priest July 1 – Alfonso VI, king of León and Castile September 21 – Svatopluk, duke of Bohemia November 16 – Ingulf, Norman Benedictine abbot Eupraxia of Kiev, Holy Roman Empress Ngok Loden Sherab, Tibetan Buddhist monk William II, count of Cerdagne and Tripoli

Julius Drum

Julius Drum known as Julius L. Corder, was a Native American actor. Born in Winnebago, Drum was adopted at the age of five by John and Dorothy Corder of McCook, Nebraska. Upon graduating from school, he entered medical school in California and supported himself as a television commercial actor, he was a member of the Screen Actors Guild. Drum played Richard Yellow Hawk in Thunderheart, he acted in the 2012 movie, Dark Blood, although the movie was not released during Drum's lifetime. He was active in the American Indian Movement, he received the Outstanding New Performer award from First Americans in the Arts for his work in Thunderheart. Complications from diabetes forced Drum to seek help at the Carl T. Curtis Health Center in Macy, Nebraska, he died at the center on September 17, 2007. Julius Drum on IMDb

Modred the Mystic

Modred the Mystic is a fictional magician appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character has alternated between being an outright supervillain. Modred the Mystic first appeared in Marvel Chillers #1 and was created by Bill Mantlo, Yong Montano and Marv Wolfman. Modred was born outside England in the 6th century, he was a sorcerer. Modred was engaged to Gervasse's daughter and was set to become the apprentice of the wizard Merlin. However, Merlin had been replaced by an imposter, Modred and Gervasse knew that "Merlin" needed to be stopped. In order to gain the power necessary for this feat, Modred sought out to master the mystic tome called the Darkhold, the book of black magic created by the Elder God Chthon, in order to use its power for good; the Other, an emissary or avatar of Chthon, offered Modred great power at the cost of his soul. Modred refused until the Other targeted Julia, his soul was corrupted, Gervasse placed him in suspended animation, where he lay for centuries.

Modred was awakened in the modern day by archaeologists Janet Lyton and Grant Whitaker, who led him to London. There, he was shot by the police and attacked by the Other, which he defeated. However, he was unwittingly possessed by Chthon, he assisted the superheroes Spider-Woman and the Thing in battling creations of the false Merlin, active in the modern day. Modred and Spider-Woman battled elementals at Stonehenge. At some point afterwards, Modred's mind and soul fell under Chthon's influence again, he took the Scarlet Witch to Chthon's prison under Mount Wundagore under the pretext of revealing her origins to her, for she had been exposed to Chthon's chaos magic upon her birth at Wundagore. Upon reaching Wundagore, Modred subdued the Scarlet Witch and used her as an Earthly host for Chthon. Modred was defeated and his master was exorcised, but only at the cost of the life of the Witch's adoptive father, Django Maximoff. Modred battled the Avengers at Wundagore Mountain, with Chthon's defeat Modred was mentally damaged by the battle, was left with the intellect of a child.

He lost his sanity and knowledge of magic, was left in the care of the High Evolutionary's servant Bova, the cow-woman. He regained his magical powers, reduced the Thing and the Puppet Master, who were visiting Transia, to doll-size and attacked them with animated toys. Modred witnessed Magneto's destruction of Bova's cottage; when Bova was injured, Modred wandered away. As he approached his homeland, his mind and power returned. Not knowing that the Merlin that he had sought to overthrow was an imposter, he instead targeted the real Merlin's servant on Earth: Captain Britain, he defeated the hero, donned his costume, used the costume's power in combination with his own to defeat the visiting Captain America. The two Captains defeated Modred, taken to the Otherworld by Merlin. Modred escaped from Merlin and psychically dominated Phoenix, Captain Britain's teammate in Excalibur, used her to battle Quasar and Excalibur. Modred and the possessed Phoenix were defeated by Excalibur and Quasar, Modred was hurled into another dimension by Widget.

After the battle, Modred was exiled from the Earth's dimension, but he regained his self-control and returned to Earth in order to confront Chthon and regain his soul. Back on Earth, he observed the Darkhold Redeemers, a group of normal humans and mystics who were seeking out fragments of the Darkhold, he joined them as their "leader", defended the group from actual and potential foes, including the N'Garai demons, the Scarlet Witch, Doctor Strange. Doctor Strange bound Modred to the island of Maui during their battle, leaving him unable to protect his teammates from the Darkhold's "Demogorge" spell; the spell was used by Blade, transformed into the Switchblade, a killer of mystical heroes and monsters alike. Switchblade killed Modred, among others, but his victims were restored when the Darkhold Redeemer Louise Hastings cast the Demogorge's counter-spell from the Darkhold and returned Blade to normal. After Modred's resurrection, the Other's servant, the Dwarf, offered him a chance to regain his own soul if he would obtain a pure soul for Chthon.

Modred agreed, found that soul in an abbey in Bath in the form of an ancient holy woman, blinded by age. He offered to return her youth and her lost love to her in exchange for her soul; when she agreed, he saw her now-youthful face and realized that she was his long-lost love Julia, she could see him and realized that he was Modred. The Other appeared to take her soul, but Modred gave his own soul up to save hers, although Julia died in his arms while resisting the demon's power. Modred returned to the Darkhold Redeemers and began training Louise Hastings' son Jinx in the magical arts. Soon afterwards, the demon-goddess Lilith, her consort Zarathos and their Lilin offspring attacked the Redeemers and the other Midnight Sons. Louise Hastings was killed in the battle by Morbius the Living Vampire, Modred was falsely accused by his teammates of having set up the attack. Modred and Jinx rendered one another unconscious in the battle, but were able to escape from the Lilin, they led the Redeemers to the home of the Truthsayer, who revealed to Modred that Chthon was about to enter the Earthly realm.

Modred was attacked by Metarchus, a relative of the Truthsayer who took on Modred's form in the battle. Modred took advantage of the confusion to kill the Truthsayer, preventing his allies