110th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

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110th Division
Active 1937 - 1946
Country Empire of Japan Empire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Type Infantry
Garrison/HQ Himeji
Nickname(s) Eagle division
Engagements Battle of Shanghai
Operation Ichi-Go
Battle of West Henan–North Hubei

The 110th Division (第110師団, Dai-hyakujū Shidan) was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Eagle Division (鷲兵団, Sagi Heidan). It was formed 16 June 1937 in Himeji as a B-class square division. The nucleus for the formation was the 10th division headquarters. It was originally subordinated to the Northern China Area Army.

Action[edit]

10 July 1937 the 110th division have departed Ujina port (Hiroshima).[1] and landed in Tanggu District 14 July 1937. In December 1937, the 110th division has participated in the fighting of Suzhou Creek, a part of the Battle of Shanghai.[2] During that period, the division was mostly deployed on the north of Hebei province with the headquarters in Tianjin. In January 1938, the headquarters were moved to Baoding and zone of responsibility has changed for the souther part of Hebei province. From April 1938, the division was further relocated to Shijiazhuang, mostly guarding the Beijing–Guangzhou Railway.

As Japanese forces were stretched thin, the 110th division has participated in numerous and ultimately unsuccessful anti-guerilla operations against Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei Communist Stronghold in North China. The 140th infantry regiment was transferred to 71st division in April–May 1942,[3] transforming the 110th division to triangular division.

During the Operation Ichi-Go in March 1944 the 110th division has captured and from July 1944 garrisoned Luoyang, operating under command of 12th army. In April 1945, it also acted in Battle of West Henan–North Hubei. The division has returned to Luoyang and Ye County, staying there until the surrender of Japan 15 August 1945.

In March 1946, the 110th division has gathered in Shanghai. First troops left Shanghai 26 March 1946 and arrived to Fukuoka 31 March 1946. Second batch has teperted from Shanghai 29 March 1946 and arrived to Fukuoka 2 April 1946. Next batch has departed Shanghai 6 April 1946 and landed in Sasebo 11 April 1946. The last parts of division sailed off 27 April 1946 and arrived to Fukuoka 3 May 1946. The dissolution of the 110th division was complete 9 September 1946.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Madej, W. Victor, Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945 [2 vols], Allentown, PA: 1981.