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1111

Year 1111 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. Battle of Shaizar: Sultan Muhammad I appoints Mawdud ibn Altuntash, Turkic governor of Mosul, to lead a Seljuk expedition against the Crusaders; the composite force includes Muslim contingents from Damascus, Diyarbakır, Ahlat and some Persian troops, headed by Bursuq ibn Bursuq from Hamadan. The Crusaders, led by King Baldwin I of Jerusalem, are cut off from their supplies, within two weeks forced to fall back on Afamiya in northern Syria. Winter – The Crusaders, led by Baldwin I, besiege Tyre, without a supporting fleet. While besieging the town, a Byzantine embassy arrives in the Crusader camp; the Byzantines try to persuade Baldwin to join a coalition against Tancred, Italo-Norman prince of Galilee, but this is refused by him. April 13 – Henry V is crowned as Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Paschal II. Henry returns to Germany, where he strengthens his power by granting privileges to the German nobles of the region of the Upper Rhine.

Almoravid forces under Syr ibn Abi Bakr capture Sintra. The efforts of the Berbers to reconquer lost ground lead to the sack of Coimbra; the same year the city revolts against their lord in Portugal. The commune of Lodi Vecchio is destroyed by Milanese troops in northern Italy. October 5 – The 18-year-old Baldwin VII succeeds his father Robert II as count of Flanders. Domnall Ua Briain becomes king of the Hebrides and the Isle of Man, following a request from the people of the kingdom of Munster, to send them a ruler; the Donglin Academy, a Chinese educational institution, is established in Wuxi during the Northern Song Dynasty. The Synod of Rathbreasail marks the transition of the Irish church, from a monastic to a diocesan structure. Afonso I, king of Portugal Agnes of Babenberg, High Duchess of Poland Andrei Bogolyubsky, prince of Vladimir-Suzdal Henry II, duke of Limburg Josceline de Bohon, bishop of Salisbury Stephen of Armenia, Armenian nobleman January 29 – Piotr I, bishop of Wrocław February 22 – Roger Borsa, Italo-Norman nobleman March 3 – Bohemond I, Italo-Norman nobleman April 12 – Berthold II, German nobleman April 17 – Robert of Molesme, French abbot June 15 – Yun Gwan, Korean general September 27 – Vekenega, Croatian abbess October 5 – Robert II, count of Flanders October 7 – Anna Polovetskaya, Kievan princess October 26 – Gómez González, Castilian nobleman November 8 – Otto II, German nobleman December 19 Agnes of Rheinfelden, German noblewoman Al-Ghazali, Persian theologian Cadwgan ap Bleddyn, prince of Powys Iorwerth ap Bleddyn, prince of Powys Ōe no Masafusa, Japanese poet and writer Richard II, Italian consul and duke of Gaeta

David Haines (aid worker)

David Cawthorne Haines was a British aid worker, captured by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in early 2013 and beheaded in early September 2014. Haines was born in East Yorkshire, moving to Perth, Scotland, as a child and prior to his capture resided in Sisak, Croatia, as a father of two. Haines had been an aircraft engineer in the Royal Air Force before turning to work in humanitarian aid in 1999, he helped victims of conflict in the Former Yugoslavia and the Middle East. In 2012, he was an unarmed security worker for Nonviolent Peaceforce, a civilian peacekeeping group in South Sudan. Haines was abducted in March 2013 by an unidentified armed gang while working in a Syrian internally displaced persons camp run by the aid group Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development, he was kidnapped near the Atmeh refugee camp near the Turkish border and the Syrian province of Idlib. He was seized along with an Italian aid worker named Federico Motka, their Syrian translator and driver were not taken.

The translator said that insurgents shot out the tyres and surrounded their vehicle on a country road. Haines' family were ordered by UK Foreign Office not to speak to anybody about the abduction, an instruction that continued after the abduction became public when Haines appeared in the purported Sotloff execution video that threatened Haines would be the next victim; the UK Foreign Office had requested the British media to not publish Haines' identity, fearing for his safety. When international press published his name after release of the video, UK media decided to publish it, with The Independent stating that "no purpose is served by continuing to withhold his name". After the surfacing of the Steven Sotloff execution video, UK Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond revealed that the aid worker was one of the intended targets of the American rescue mission; the mission failed because the jihadist group had moved the hostages prior to the arrival of American commandos. Few details about a second rescue attempt were revealed.

The abduction of the aid worker came to worldwide attention after being shown at the end of the Steven Sotloff execution video. The video was discovered on 2 September 2014 by SITE Intelligence Group, purportedly ahead of its intended release by Al-Furqan Media Productions; the individual was shown with Jihadi John and was declared to be the next possible victim of the militant group Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant. At the end of the Steven Sotloff beheading video, Jihadi John is shown holding a named British humanitarian aid worker by his orange jumpsuit saying "We take this opportunity to warn those governments that enter this evil alliance of America against ISIL to back off and leave our people alone." The day after the Steven Sotloff execution video surfaced, British prime minister David Cameron told the House of Commons: "I am sure the whole House, the whole country, will join with me in condemning the sickening and brutal murder of another American hostage, share our shock and anger that it again appears to have been carried out by a British citizen.

All our thoughts are with his family. Their ordeal is unimaginable." He concluded: "A country like. If they think we will weaken in the face of their threats, they are wrong, it will have the opposite effect. We will be more forthright in the defence of the values, liberty under the rule of law, democracy that we hold dear." A video of the lead up and aftermath of Haines' beheading, entitled "A Message to the Allies of America", was released by ISIL on 13 September 2014. The video, following a similar format to the ones for Foley and Sotloff, started with a clip of a press statement by Prime Minister Cameron followed by a title screen, it showed Haines delivering a prepared speech. Next, the executioner makes a statement puts his knife to Haines throat and makes cutting motions as the video fades to black. In the final scene, the executioner is holding the orange jumpsuit of another person, named as British aid worker Alan Henning, saying "If you, insist on fighting the Islamic State you, like your master Obama, will have the blood of your people on your hands."On 22 October 2016, a memorial for David Haines was unveiled in a garden at Perth railway station.

It was dedicated by former colleagues at Abellio ScotRail. On 19 May 2019, his daughter Bethany vowed to go to Syria to retrieve her father's body, she had decided to launch a campaign & appeal to anyone who may have information about her father's remains. She has befriended freed captive Motka, with her father. 2014 American intervention in Iraq 2014 ISIL beheading incidents Beheading in Islamism Steven Sotloff Foreign hostages in Iraq James Foley Nick Berg Kenneth Bigley John Cantlie Austin Tice Daniel Pearl The Beatles, terrorist cell of the Islamic State that guarded and beheaded Sotloff

Navy and Marine Corps Medal

The Navy and Marine Corps Medal is the highest non-combat decoration awarded for heroism by the United States Department of the Navy to members of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. The medal was established by an act of Congress on 7 August 1942, is authorized under 10 U. S. C. § 6246. The Navy and Marine Corps Medal is the equivalent of the Army's Soldier's Medal, Air Force's Airman's Medal, Coast Guard's Coast Guard Medal; as the senior non-combat award for heroism, this award hinges on the actual level of personal "life threatening" risk experienced by the awardee. For heroic performance to rise to this level it must be established that the act involved specific life-threatening risk to the awardee. During the mid-20th century, the Navy and Marine Corps Medal has been awarded instead of the Silver or Gold Lifesaving Medal, for sea rescues involving risk to life; this is due to the creation of a variety of additional military decorations that are considered more prestigious than the Lifesaving Medal.

Additional awards of the medal are denoted by gold or silver ​5⁄16 inch stars. The Navy and Marine Corps Medal was first bestowed during World War II; the Navy and Marine Corps Medal is an octagonal bronze medal. The obverse depicts an eagle holding a fouled anchor over a globe; the word Heroism is inscribed below the globe. The ribbon of the medal is three equal stripes of navy blue, old gold, apple red. John F. Kennedy, USN - President of the United States, awarded the medal as commanding officer of Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109 during World War II. James E. Williams, USN - Medal of Honor recipient, Vietnam War Kevin McAninch, USN recipient, Tigard, OR Thomas Sullivan, USMC - 2015 Chattanooga shootings David A. Wyatt, USMC - 2015 Chattanooga shootings Britt K. Slabinski, USN, Navy SEAL Carl Brashear, USN, Navy Master Diver Diego R. Zuluaga, USMC - March 7th, 2012 for the rescue of buring victims on car accident Southern State Parkway in Roosevelt, New York. Jeff Macatangay, USN Matt Pekarcik, USN Robert E. Sipes, USN, SAR Corpsman 1992 Brian Mazi, USN, 2017 Las Vegas Shooting Austin Cox, USMC, 2017 Las Vegas Shooting Michael Vura, USMC, 2017 Las Vegas Shooting Awards and decorations of the United States military