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1112

Year 1112 was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. Spring – Malik Shah, Seljuk ruler of the Sultanate of Rum, begins incursions into Anatolia, he marches on Philadelphia with his army, but is halted by the Byzantines under Gabras, governor of the Theme of Chaldia. Spring – Seljuk forces under Toghtekin, Turkic governor of Damascus, intervene at Tyre, force King Baldwin I of Jerusalem to raise the siege. April 10 – The Crusaders fight their way back to Acre. February 3 – Ramon Berenguer III, count of Barcelona, obtains the county of Provence, due to his marriage to the heiress, Douce I. Ramon's dominions stretches as far east as Nice. May 22 – Henry, count of Portugal, dies from wounds received during a siege at Astorga, he is succeeded by his 3-year-old son Afonso I, but his mother Theresa would rule Portugal alone and becomes regent. Duke Bolesław III of Poland has his half-brother Zbigniew blinded and thrown into a dungeon in Tyniec Abbey. Archishop Martin I excommunicates Bolesław for committing this terrible crime.

Otto, count of Ballenstedt, is appointed duke of Saxony by Emperor Henry V, but is stripped of his title. Salzwedel in the Altmark is founded; the Margraviate of Baden is founded by Herman II. Gallus Anonymus, Polish chronicler and historian, begins to write Gesta principum Polonorum, to Bolesław III. Easter – The citizens of Laon in France, having proclaimed a commune, murder Bishop Waldric in his cathedral. García IV, king of Navarre Henry II, duke of Austria Henry IV, count of Luxembourg Mahaut of Albon, countess of Savoy Sasaki Hideyoshi, Japanese samurai Sibylla of Anjou, countess of Flanders May 13 – Ulric II, Italian nobleman October 5 – Sigebert of Gembloux, French chronicler October 12 – Kogh Vasil, Armenian ruler November 3 – Anna Vsevolodovna, Kievan princess Baldric of Noyon, bishop of Tournai Bertrand of Tripoli, count of Toulouse and Tripoli Elimar I, count of Oldenburg Fakhr-un-Nisa, Arab scholar and calligrapher George II, king of Georgia Ghibbelin, archbishop of Arles Henry, count of Portugal Kyansittha, king of the Pagan Empire Su Zhe, Chinese politician and historian Tancred, Italo-Norman nobleman Vukan I, Grand Prince of Serbia Waldric, English Lord Chancellor List of state leaders in 1112

Cetyl alcohol

Cetyl alcohol known as hexadecan-1-ol and palmityl alcohol, is a fatty alcohol with the formula CH315OH. At room temperature, cetyl alcohol flakes; the name cetyl derives from the whale oil. Cetyl alcohol was discovered in 1817 by the French chemist Michel Chevreul when he heated spermaceti, a waxy substance obtained from sperm whale oil, with caustic potash. Flakes of cetyl alcohol were left behind on cooling. Modern production is based around the reduction of palmitic acid, obtained from palm oil. Cetyl alcohol is used in the cosmetic industry as an opacifier in shampoos, or as an emollient, emulsifier or thickening agent in the manufacture of skin creams and lotions, it is employed as a lubricant for nuts and bolts, is the active ingredient in some "liquid pool covers". Moreover, it can be used as a cosurfactant in Emulsion applications. People who suffer from eczema can be sensitive to cetyl alcohol, though this may be due to impurities rather than cetyl alcohol itself. However, cetyl alcohol is sometimes included in medications used for the treatment of eczema.

Palmitate Palmitic acid

Lorna Thomas

Lorna Pauline Thomas was an Australian cricketer from the 1930s to the 1950s and Australian team manager from 1963 to 1978. Lorna Thomas was first selected to play for the New South Wales women's cricket team in 1937. In the 1940s, she represented NSW against New England. After her playing career, Thomas managed, she was the manager of the tour of New Zealand in 1960–61, the tour of England in 1963, the tour of New Zealand in 1971–72, the Australian team at the 1973 Women's Cricket World Cup. and the tour of England in 1976. She received the MBE in 1978 for services to women's cricket, she worked as a nurse in the New South Wales prison system, looking after the welfare of the women in the holding cells at Sydney Central Police Station. On 17 September 2014, Thomas died at the age of 96. Lorna Thomas's 1936 to 1949 scrap-book at the State Library of New South Wales Cricinfo Profile