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1114

Year 1114 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. January 7 – Emperor Henry V marries Matilda, 11-year-old daughter of King Henry I of England, at Worms. A political conflict breaks out across the Holy Roman Empire after the marriage, triggered when Henry arrests Chancellor Adalbert and various other German princes. Count Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona, joins the expedition to the Balearic Islands. A Pisan and Catalan fleet, supported by a large army, conquer Mallorca, they destroy the bases on the islands used by Moorish pirates to prey on Mediterranean shipping. Battle of Martorell: The Almoravid governor of Zaragoza, Muhàmmad ibn al-Hajj, launches an offensive against the County of Barcelona, but is defeated by Ramon Berenguer III; as part of the Norman expansion southward, Count Routrou II of Perche enters the service of King Alfonso I of Aragon. Emperor Hui Zong of the Song Dynasty sends a gift of Chinese musical instruments, for use in royal banquets to the Korean court of Goryeo, by request from King Yejong.

November – A large earthquake damages the areas of the Crusaders in the Middle East. From Antioch and Mamistra to Marash and Edessa are hit by the shocks; the cathedral of Chichester in England, constructed of wood, is destroyed by fire. Pontigny Abbey, a Cistercian monastery, is founded. Al-Suhayli, Moorish scholar and writer Bhāskara II, Indian mathematician Dirk VI, count of Holland Fujiwara no Shunzei, Japanese nobleman Gebhard III, German nobleman Gerard of Cremona, Italian translator Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Northumbria Otto I, German bishop and chronicler Ramon Berenguer IV, count of Barcelona February 24 – Thomas II, archbishop of York Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi, Arab theologian Álvar Fáñez, Castilian nobleman Alypius of the Caves, Kievan monk and painter Erard I, French nobleman and crusader Nestor the Chronicler, Kievan historian Richard of Salerno, Norman nobleman Shahriyar IV, king of Mazandaran Tokushi, Japanese empress consort

Walker, Newcastle upon Tyne

Walker is a residential suburb and electoral ward just east of the centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. The population at the 2011 census was 11,701; the most historic fact about Walker is contained in its name, which refers to Hadrian's Wall which passed along its northern edge. The place-name ` Walker' is first attested in 1242; this means'wall-carr', to say,'the marsh by the Roman wall'. Hadrian's Wall is not visible in Walker today, although a small fragment can be seen in Shields Road in Byker to the west, Segedunum fort is a major site at the end of the Wall in Wallsend to the east. Large-scale coal-mining began in the area in the early 1700s, with up to ten collieries in operation in the Walker area. A wagon-way was constructed during this period to facilitate transportation of coal to the riverside staithes. Walker used to have a large shipbuilding industry the yard of Armstrong Whitworth at High Walker, but this has declined over the past 50 years and the area has suffered as a result, with many jobs being taken away from the community.

From 1809 to 1883, Walker was home to an iron-making company, Losh and Bell. Walkerville was developed as a model housing exhibition along the lines of the Garden city movement held under the auspices of the National Housing Reform Council in 1908 and is an early example of small-scale town planning prior to the Housing, Town Planning, &c. Act 1909. One of the prime campaigners behind the exhibition was Councillor David Adams, who became an MP and Lord Mayor of Newcastle; the chosen site was Corporation estate and the Gold medal for the horseshoe layout of the site was awarded to Watson and Scott of Newcastle. The exhibition was of a range of'model cottages' for working people of different types from two to three bedrooms, by different architects and backed by a range of patrons including Wallsend Cooperative Society, at that time a provider of mortgage capital for its members. Newcastle Corporation built homes as part of the exhibition; the Gold medal winning architects were AT Martindale, White & Stephenson, Edward Cratney and TE Davidson.

David Adams described the planning and development of the Walker and Willington estates in a series of articles for the Northern Echo. Speaking Walker is an area between Welbeck Road and the banks of the River Tyne, although the modern city ward of Walker incorporates Pottery Bank and St Anthony's; when most Geordies refer to Walker they incorporate the areas of Daisy Hill and Eastfield. Walkergate, located between Welbeck Road and the Network rail line are sometimes considered parts of Walker. Other parts of Walker are Walkerville. Other areas included are Daisy Eastfield which help make up the city Ward of Walkergate; the area is notable for Walker Park, the Walker Riverside Park, the Lady Stephenson Library as well as the Lightfoot Sports Centre, set to undergo a £2.5m refurbishment. Alderman Sir William Haswell Stephenson, built the library in 1908 in memory of his wife Eliza, who died in 1901; the library closed on 29 June 2013 and contents have been relocated into a purpose built area within Walker Activity Dome in July 2013.

Walker Park received a Green Flag Award in 2019. Walker is served by the Tyne and Wear Metro, with a station at Walkergate, has a main bus terminus on Walker Road, although this is quite dilapidated and badly serviced. Most children attend a local primary school, These are St Anthony's CE, St Vincent's RC, Welbeck Academy, West Walker and Wharrier Street; the two main Secondary Schools which service the area are Benfield School, a specialist Sports College, Walker Riverside Academy, a high performing specialist technology and visual arts school for 11- to 18-year-olds. Newcastle City Council's Walker Riverside regeneration scheme launched in 2003 aims to revitalise the area with new houses, schools and community facilities, environmental improvements, a new neighbourhood centre to be known as the Heart of Walker; the scheme has its own newsletter known as the "Walker Eye", which goes to 7,000 homes and businesses locally. Much of the older and run-down housing stock along Walker Road is in the process of being demolished and replaced with new homes which are a mixture of council and private housing.

The stated aim was to build 1,600 new and replacement homes over a 15-year period. As part of the new Heart of Walker development, plans have been unveiled to open a new state-of-the-art primary school on a site next door to the redeveloped Lightfoot Centre, where the old Wharrier Street Primary School was; the £7.5m project merged Wharrier Street and St Anthony's Primary Schools in Autumn 2012 to create the new Central Walker Church of England Primary. Plans for the area's regeneration were approved by the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, Ruth Kelly. In August 2018 it was announced that two high-rise blocks, Titan House and Hexham House were to be demolished; the flats and neighbouring Church Walk shopping centre will be replaced by a new housing development and shops. Cheryl Cole, born on 30 June 1983, lived in Walker and Heaton, attending Walker Comprehensive School, Middle Street, before she found fame with Girls Aloud. Walker is the birthplace of Eric Burdon, lead singer of The Animals, who recorded with War at the be

Giuseppe Saragat

Giuseppe Saragat was an Italian politician, the fifth President of Italy from 1964 to 1971. Born to Sardinian parents, he was of the Unitary Socialist Party from 1922, he moved to Vienna in 1926 and to France in 1929. Saragat joined the Italian Socialist Party in 1930, he was a reformist democratic socialist who split from the Italian Socialist Party in 1947 out of concern over its then-close alliance with the Italian Communist Party. He founded the Socialist Party of Italian Workers, which would soon become the Italian Democratic Socialist Party, he would be the latter's paramount leader for the rest of his life. He had been minister without portfolio for the Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity in 1944 and ambassador in Paris from 1945 to 1946, Saragat was appointed President of the Constituent Assembly of Italy, he was as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1963 to 1964, when he was chosen President of the Italian Republic. His election was the result of one of the rare instances of unity in the Italian left and followed rumours of a possible neo-fascist coup during Antonio Segni's presidency.

He is said to have been an atheist, but after that he became a catholic and he had religious funeral. Newspaper clippings about Giuseppe Saragat in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW Media related to Giuseppe Saragat at Wikimedia Commons