Year 1117 was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. King Stephen II of Hungary regains Dalmatia from Venice while the Venetians are on a naval expedition. Doge Ordelafo Faliero dies in battle against the Hungarians. Faliero is succeeded by Domenico Michiel, who reconquers more territory and agrees a 5-year truce with Hungary. Ramon Berenguer III, count of Barcelona, inherits Cerdanya which becomes part of the Principality of Catalonia. Vladislaus I, duke of Bohemia, abdicates in favor of his brother Bořivoj II, but retains much of the actual power. Short-lived Almoravid reconquest of Coimbra. Battle of Ghazni: Seljuk forces under Ahmad Sanjar invade Afghanistan and defeat the ruling Sultan Arslan-Shah. Bahram succeeds his brother as ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire. Conflict between the de facto independent Muslim republics of Gabès and Mahdia in Ifriqiya. Madhia is supported by the Zirid Dynasty while Gabes receives the aid of count of Sicily; the Crusaders led by King Baldwin I of Jerusalem raid Pelusium in Egypt and burn the city to the ground.
Baldwin strengthens the fortifications of the southern frontier. King Mahaabarana Adeettiya from the Theemuge Dynasty becomes the first king to rule over the whole Maldives, he reclaims the northern atolls from the Indian invaders. The sōhei or warrior monks of Mii-dera and Enryaku-ji unite their forces to attack Nara in Japan. Merton Priory is consecrated at Huntingdon; the priory becomes an important centre of diplomacy in England. The magnetic compass is first used for maritime navigation purposes during the Song Dynasty in China. Fujiwara no Nariko, Japanese empress Henry I, count of Guelders and Zutphen Humphrey II of Toron, constable of Jerusalem Maurice of Carnoet, French Cistercian abbot Otto I, duke of Bavaria Robert FitzRanulph, English high sheriff Simon III de Montfort, French nobleman February 14 – Bertrade de Montfort, French queen April 11 – Tescelin le Roux, Burgundian nobleman April 14 – Bernard of Thiron, founder of the Order of Tiron April 16 – Magnus Erlendsson, Norse earl of Orkney September 1 – Robert de Limesey, bishop of Coventry December 9 – Gertrud of Brunswick, margravine of Meissen Abu'l-Fath Yusuf, Persian vizier of Arslan-Shah of Ghazna Abu Nasr Farsi, Persian statesman and poet Anselm of Laon, French theologian and writer Danxia Zichun, Chinese Zen Buddhist monk Faritius, Italian abbot and physician Gertrude of Flanders, duchess of Lorraine Gilbert Crispin, Norman abbot and theologian Gilbert Fitz Richard, English nobleman Lu'lu' al-Yaya, Seljuk ruler and regent of Aleppo Ordelafo Faliero, doge of Venice
The Dogs anime and manga series features a cast of fictional characters created by Shirow Miwa. The storyline is set in a unnamed European city, where crimes and atrocities are common. To make matters worse, an organization that runs deep below the lowest underground levels begins terrorising the populace through genetic engineering experiments and extreme violence. Dogs: Prelude is composed of four loosely connected stories that revolve around one of four antihero characters; the Dogs: Bullets & Carnage sequel focuses in these four characters as they collaborate to find the entrance to "below", fighting through soldiers from the organization. One protagonist of Dogs, Heine Rammsteiner, is an distant gunman who endured genetic experiments during his childhood "below", he works with Badou Nails, a freelance photographer and information broker. The two meet a swordswoman with a black katana, she is searching for another Naoto, who carries a similar sword, must find a way "below" to do so. Badou enlists the help of a retired assassin, in his search for this information.
The four encounter the series' antagonists: the people who belong to the organization "below". Giovanni has endured the same genetic experiments as Heine during his childhood, Richter Berthein attacked Badou and his brother in the past. Both work for Angelika Einstürzen and Giovanni's "mother" who conducts genetic experiments to create "the ultimate human weapon"; the four are attacked by another of Einstürzen's subordinates, Campanella Frühling, who has her own set of motives. The characters developed by Miwa have been praised for their interesting and stylish design. However, they have been criticized for falling into the "_____ with guns" and "tough-guy" clichés; the author Shirow Miwa named Heine Rammsteiner and Badou Nails after the bands Rammstein and Nine Inch Nails, stated as two of the author's favorite bands on his personal site. Voiced by: Takahiro Sakurai Heine Rammsteiner is an albino gunman who had undergone genetic manipulation and implants as a child, he has the remnants of a "Kerberos Spine" collar fused to the back of his neck, which gives him inhuman strength and regenerative ability, thanks to experiments conducted by his "mother", Angelika Einstürzen.
Raised by Einstürzen in an underground research facility established to create the "ultimate human weapon", Heine's understanding of humanity and family is skewed. Einstürzen, who sees his proficiency in combat and ability to take charge of most situations, selects him as the receptor of the "Kerberos Leader Spine", which should have enabled him to control the other test subjects; the Spine give Heine a second persona independent of his own: the "Dog", both bloodthirsty and insane. The "Dog" takes over Heine in times of stress. For example, just after being synchronized with the Spine, the "Dog" leads Heine to kill Lily, a girl he considered his younger sister, who killed the other test subjects in a frenzy. After realizing what had happened, he attempted to kill everyone involved with the Kerberos project in a berserker rage; as a result of the Dog's actions, Heine is apathetic and distant from all other people. Due to the previously-depicted event, the twisted form of love Einstürzen lavished on him, Heine developed gynophobia, an abnormal fear of women, suffers a mental breakdown when in close proximity to a woman.
Heine, develops a close bond with Nill after discovering she is a genetic experiment and that he can come into physical contact with her. Heine is Badou's "work partner". Heine carries two guns: a white Mauser C96 pistol connected to his belt by a long chain attached to the base of the grip, a black Luger P08 pistol, he uses the chain for close-range combat, choking or restraining opponents with it. In Stray Dogs, the Mauser pistol does not have a chain. Voiced by: Akira Ishida Badou Nails is a chain-smoking, freelance information broker and photographer. Aside from his noticeable red hair, Badou wears an eyepatch on his right eye as a result of a tragedy seven years ago, when Richter Berthein slashed his eye out and killed his older brother Dave, a P. I.. As Heine's "work" partner during missions given out by Granny Liza, they are known by most of their adversaries as "White Hair and Eye-Patch," and share a dysfunctional bond, his mood directly corresponds to the availability of cigarettes and the level of nicotine in his blood, which can swing from elation to outright murderous.
He had an older brother named David Nails. In Dogs, he uses a pair of Ingram MAC-10 machine pistols. Voiced by: Shizuka Itō Naoto Fuyumine is a young, beautiful swordswoman who wields a black katana, she has a large X-shaped scar on her chest, a remnant of events years ago in which she and her parents were slashed down by an unknown assailant. Clinging to her life, the trauma of watching her parents brutally murdered in front of her eyes has left her amnesic; that same night, she is taken in, raised and trained by the swordsman Fuyumine, whom she believed murdered her parents. Because of her amnesia, she would train with Fuyumine for years. After Naoto finds that Magato, another pupil "senior" to Naoto, has killed Fuyumine, she learns that Fuyumine is not the one who killed her parents, that the real murderer is a "Naoto from below". Realizing her mistake, she would come to acknowled
Parliamentary elections were held in Moldova on 5 April 2009. The Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova won a majority of seats for the third consecutive occasion. Turnout was 59 %. Following the elections, Parliament was required to elect a new President of Moldova as the incumbent Vladimir Voronin had to stand down after completing two terms. Presidential elections required the winning candidate to receive at least 61 votes, but the opposition parties refused to vote for the three PCRM-nominated candidates in three rounds of voting between May and June 2009, meaning no president was elected; as a result, early parliamentary elections were held in July. The European Union called on Moldova to reform its electoral law, which implemented an electoral threshold of 6%, giving smaller parties little chance of entering Parliament. However, President Voronin rejected these calls. Final results were announced on 8 April 2009. A ballot recount performed on 21 April confirmed the results; the International Election Observation Mission, represented by delegations from the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly, Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the European Parliament evaluated the elections as positive on the whole, with some reservations not affecting the outcome or the overall initial assessment.
The opinion polls before the elections had showed a comfortable win for the Communist Party, with the only uncertainty being the size of the winning margin. The OSCE observer mission has issued a preliminary report declaring the elections free and fair and describing Moldova as an "overall pluralistic environment, offering voters a distinct political alternative and meeting many of the O. S. C. E. and Council of Europe commitments." Petros Efthymiou, head of the delegation of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly and Special Co-ordinator of the OSCE short-term observers, said that he was delighted at the progress of democracy in Moldova. "These elections were good and they gave me great confidence in the future of this country," Efthyimou said. However, one member of the 280-strong observation team, Emma Nicholson, Baroness Nicholson of Winterbourne, whose observation post was near the border of the separatist republic of Transnitria, voiced concern over this evaluation, claiming that she had a "very strong feeling" that there have been some manipulation, but she "couldn't find any proof" of it.
She claimed. She declared that at the counting of the votes that at 1:00 the PCRM had 35% of the votes and the 15–16 parties from the opposition 40–45% altogether while shortly at 8:00 the situation changed radically and the PCRM had 50%. There have been claims of voter fraud, with deceased and nonattendant persons voting. Following the recount, it was decided by the Constitutional Court that the presidential election would have to take place by 7 July 2009. Otherwise parliament would be dissolved and early elections held; the opposition parties stated that they would boycott parliament, citing electoral fraud as the reason, tried to force new elections. The presidential election was set for 20 May 2009. Following the announcement of preliminary election results on 6 April 2009, which showed the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova victorious, winning 50% of the votes, the opposition rejected the results, accusing the authorities of falsification in the course of counting the votes and demanded new elections.
Opposition and NGO activists have organized protest demonstrations in the center of Chişinău on April 6th and 7th. The demonstration spun out of control and escalated into a riot on April 7th, with protesters attacking the parliament building and the presidential palace, throwing stones at the buildings, with the riot police attempting to protect the buildings. In the afternoon of 7 April the rioters broke into the parliament building, looted it and set it on fire. Police forces had regained control of the city center by 8 April, arresting several hundred protesters. Following the arrests, numerous cases of excessive force usage, including beatings and torture by the police, were reported by the detainees. Peaceful demonstrations on the central square continued for the remainder of the week; the government and opposition parties have accused each other of sending provocateurs to incite the crowds. On 10 April 2009, Voronin called on the Constitutional Court to authorise a recount of the votes, as demanded by the protesters.
On 12 April the court ruled in favor of conducting a recount, scheduled to take place on 15 April. On 14 April, Serafim Urechean announced that the three main opposition parties would boycott the recount, citing fears that the government would use it to increase its majority to the 61 seats required to elect the next president; the results of the recount were published on 21 April. No serious errors were determined and the original election result was confirmed. One of the first tasks of the newly elected parliament is to elect a new president. Current President Vladimir Voronin is ineligible for another term, as he served two terms, the maximum number allowed under the constitution, his successor needs to be elected before 8 June 2009 with a three-fifths majority. If no candidate reaches a majority vote before that date, a new parliamentary election will be held; the three opposition parties announced that all of them would vote against the PCRM's nominee for president, for which 61 votes out of 101 are re