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Helen Enselmini

Helen Enselmini known as the Blessed Helen of Arcella, was an Italian Franciscan nun, beatified by the Catholic Church. Enselmini was born from an impoverished noble family of the region. About 1220, Francis of Assisi returned from the Middle East, went to that city to supervise the opening of a monastery of Poor Clares on land donated in the nearby village of Arcella, to, attached a small friary of the Friars Minor he had founded. Moved by a sermon she heard him give on the streets of Padua, Enselmini was inspired to become a Poor Clare at the age of 12, according to tradition receiving the religious habit from Francis himself. Although she was always in frail health, Enselmini spent the rest of her life living the full rigor of the Rule of St. Clare, including frequent fasting, poverty of life and manual labor, without complaint, she was said to have had the gift of inedia, living off the Blessed Sacrament for months. Her health declined later in life and she became both blind and mute in her last years, which she accepted with patience.

She is said to have been comforted during this period by Anthony of Padua. She died on 4 November 1231 of natural causes. After her death, Enselmini was honored as a saint by Franciscan Order as well as by the people of Padua and the surrounding region, her body was described as still lifelike for a considerable period and miracles were reported by visitors to her tomb. A century Giusto de' Menabuoi included her in his mural of the patron saints of the city in the baptistry of the Cathedral of Padua. In the 15th century, the monastery was re-dedicated to her as the Monastery of St. Helen outside the Walls, with an indulgence granted by Pope Eugene IV in 1443 to all those who contributed to its rebuilding. In 1693 a delegation representing the Order of Friars Minor Conventual, as well as Gregory Barbarigo, the Bishop of Padua, various other Church authorities, went to Rome to seek Enselmini's beatification, she was beatified on 29 October 1695 by Pope Leo X confirmed by Pope Innocent XII. Today her remains are encased in a glass coffin in the Sanctuary of Arcella, now part of the City of Padua

Books of the Genesis of the Ukrainian People

The Books of the Genesis of the Ukrainian People is a philosophical and religious treatise by Nikolay Kostomarov, dedicated to designation of Ukrainian nation as part of Christian history. Reflected the ideology of secret organization Brotherhood of Saints Cyril and Methodius. In the center of "Books" is the category of freedom, treated as the main medium unity between man and God. God desired freedom for communication with the man, the rupture with God leads to the loss of freedom and rupture with freedom leads to alienation with God. On this basis "Books" interpreted the major events of human history. Success or decline of the nations are dependent on the degree of their unity with God. Creation and historical experience of Ukraine within the 16th-18th centuries is recognized as the closest restoration of losted ideal primerally designed by God - equal society of believers. "Books" is divided into four semantic parts. The first part is an imitation of the biblical story of God creating the world and people, their happiness and fall, the result of, polytheism, death and worst of all slavery.

The second part depicts historical experience of five "nations": Jews, Romance, Germanic peoples and Slavs. Their experience is evaluated according to exercising faith in freedom; the Jewish people created and chosen by God himself asked the king, left thus free and close relationship with God. Slavic people was inclined to freedom but as a "younger brothers" started to copied what they have seen in other nations and repeated their mistakes; the only exception was Ukraine, which took the form of general social equality and fraternity performed by Cossacks and religious Brotherhoods. The third part is a brief description of the development of Ukraine between Slavic states - Poland and Muscovy and fight with them, successful, but turned in to division between the two hostile countries on a half's. Fourth part provides a conceptualization of Ukrainian narrative. Ukraine is seen as a territory where was renewed a God`s plan of human society as a community of free and equal people, who thus are able to do unselfish good deeds to neighbors, Ukrainian - is a person who fundamentally rejects any form of predominance, recognizing only the power of God which denied pride.

According to the "Books" Good and Evil have their own form of government: Good in the form of service, the Evil in the form of predominance. The service-power is an expression of God's love for man and his desire to make man as happy as he himself, it originated the idea of equality. The service-power is committed to equality of individuals who are perfect because of their relationship with God; the predominance-power is associated with pride - a nature of Devil, needs to humiliate the subject of power is arising from necessity to feel self-admiration and of own greatness. This predominance-power originated inequality. Therefore, the power-domination leads to social stratification, thus the service-power is a progress source for individuals and society and the predominance-power the source of their degradation. Story about the Ukrainian Nation, 1846 Hlyz, I; the Book of the Genesis of the Ukrainian Nation or the Divine Law. Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine