Hip hop music
Hip hop music called hip-hop or rap music, is a music genre developed in the United States by inner-city African Americans in the late 1970s which consists of a stylized rhythmic music that accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech, chanted. It developed as part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching with turntables, break dancing, graffiti writing. Other elements include sampling beats or bass lines from records, rhythmic beatboxing. While used to refer to rapping, "hip hop" more properly denotes the practice of the entire subculture; the term hip hop music is sometimes used synonymously with the term rap music, though rapping is not a required component of hip hop music. Hip hop as both a musical genre and a culture was formed during the 1970s when block parties became popular in New York City among African-American youth residing in the Bronx; however hip-hop music did not get recorded for the radio or television to play until 1979 due to poverty during hip-hop's birth and lack of acceptance outside ghetto neighborhoods.
At block parties DJs played percussive breaks of popular songs using two turntables and a DJ mixer to be able to play breaks from two copies of the same record, alternating from one to the other and extending the "break". Hip hop's early evolution occurred as sampling technology and drum machines became available and affordable. Turntablist techniques such as scratching and beatmatching developed along with the breaks and Jamaican toasting, a chanting vocal style, was used over the beats. Rapping developed as a vocal style in which the artist speaks or chants along rhythmically with an instrumental or synthesized beat. Notable artists at this time include DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five, Fab Five Freddy, Marley Marl, Afrika Bambaataa, Kool Moe Dee, Kurtis Blow, Doug E. Fresh, Warp 9, The Fat Boys, Spoonie Gee; the Sugarhill Gang's 1979 song "Rapper's Delight" is regarded to be the first hip hop record to gain widespread popularity in the mainstream. The 1980s marked the diversification of hip hop.
Prior to the 1980s, hip hop music was confined within the United States. However, during the 1980s, it began to spread to music scenes in dozens of countries, many of which mixed hip hop with local styles to create new subgenres. New school hip hop was the second wave of hip hop music, originating in 1983–84 with the early records of Run-D. M. C. and LL Cool J. The Golden age hip hop period was an innovative period between the early 1990s. Notable artists from this era include the Juice Crew, Public Enemy, Eric B. & Rakim, Boogie Down Productions and KRS-One, EPMD, Slick Rick, Beastie Boys, Kool G Rap, Big Daddy Kane, Ultramagnetic MCs, De La Soul, A Tribe Called Quest. Gangsta rap is a subgenre of hip hop that focuses on the violent lifestyles and impoverished conditions of inner-city African-American youth. Schoolly D, N. W. A, Ice-T, Ice Cube, the Geto Boys are key founding artists, known for mixing the political and social commentary of political rap with the criminal elements and crime stories found in gangsta rap.
In the West Coast hip hop style, G-funk dominated mainstream hip hop for several years during the 1990s with artists such as Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg. East Coast hip hop in the early to mid 1990s was dominated by the Afrocentric jazz rap and alternative hip hop of the Native Tongues posse as well as the hardcore rap of artists such as Mobb Deep, Wu-Tang Clan, Onyx. East Coast hip hop had gangsta rap musicians such as Kool G Rap and the Notorious B. I. G.. In the 1990s, hip hop began to diversify with other regional styles emerging, such as Southern rap and Atlanta hip hop. At the same time, hip hop continued to be assimilated into other genres of popular music, examples being neo soul and nu metal. Hip hop became a best-selling genre in the mid-1990s and the top selling music genre by 1999; the popularity of hip hop music continued through the 2000s, with hip hop influences increasingly finding their way into mainstream pop. The United States saw the success of regional styles such as crunk, a Southern genre that emphasized the beats and music more than the lyrics.
Starting in 2005, sales of hip hop music in the United States began to wane. During the mid-2000s, alternative hip hop secured a place in the mainstream, due in part to the crossover success of artists such as OutKast and Kanye West. During the late 2000s and early 2010s, rappers such as Lil Wayne, Soulja Boy, B.o. B were the most popular rappers. During the 2010s, rappers such as Drake, Nicki Minaj, J. Cole, Kendrick Lamar all have been popular. Trap, a subgenre of hip hop has been popular during the 2010s with hip hop artists and hip hop music groups such as Migos, Travis Scott, Kodak Black; the creation of the term hip hop is credited to Keith Cowboy, rapper with Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. However, Lovebug Starski, Keith Cowboy, DJ Hollywood used the term when the music was still known as disco rap, it is believed that Cowboy created the term while teasing a friend who had just joined the U. S. Army, by scat singing the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of soldiers marching.
Cowboy worked the "hip hop" cadence into a part of his stage performance, used by other artists such as The Sugarhi
112 is an American R&B quartet from Atlanta, Georgia. Artists on Bad Boy Records, the group signed to the Def Soul roster in 2002, they had great success in the late 1990s and early 2000s with hits such as "Only You", "Anywhere" and the Grammy Award-nominated single, "Peaches & Cream". The group most notably won a Grammy Award in 1997 for Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group, for featuring in the song "I'll Be Missing You" with Sean Combs and Faith Evans; the group had its start. The original group consisting of Daron Jones, Michael Keith, Reginald Finley sang together while Jones and Keith were in middle school and Finley was in high school. Once all three were in high school, they met fellow schoolmate Aldon Lagon, working at a local McDonald's in Atlanta and added him due to his deep bass voice, they met a high tenor vocalist Marvin Scandrick. Known as Forte, the group performed talent shows and performed at churches and schools around Atlanta. After Wales was able to secure an audition for the group outside of Atlanta's Club 112 in Buckhead, the boys sang for Combs and impressed him.
Following another audition for Combs in front of Bad Boy producer Chucky Thompson, Bad Boy Records artist Faith Evans and Combs protégé Usher and a co-sign from Thompson and Evans, Combs signed the quartet of Michael Keith, Marvin Scandrick, Daron Jones, Quinnes Parker to Bad Boy Records. The group changed their name from Forte to 112, the name of the nightclub where they had auditioned for Combs. Soon afterwards they found themselves living in New York City, recording their debut album, 112. Released in 1996, the album went double platinum; the album, produced by Tim & Bob entered into the top 5 on Billboard’s Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums Chart, went on to sale over two million copies. It featured the hit singles "Only You" and "Cupid", both of which peaked at #13 on the Hot 100 and #3 and #2 on the R&B charts respectively; the group contributed to records by artists including The Notorious B. I. G. Sean Combs and Mase; the group went on the road as the opening act for the Isley Brothers at Ron Isley's request, the first of four separate tours that saw the group criss-crossing the U.
S. with Keith Sweat, New Edition and Puff Daddy and the Family, over an 18-month period. In the years that followed, they toured with other performers such as Whitney Houston and Janet Jackson. A series of single tracks by 112 populated the charts in 1997, beginning with the Tim & Bob produced single "Come See Me," which hit the top 40 in January. "Cupid," Produced by Arnold Hennings, released in May, made the top 10 and was certified gold in the same month. By August "Cupid" went platinum. Another 1997 single, "I'll Be Missing You," hit the top 40 in June and was certified triple platinum by July. Attaining the number one chart position by August, the song won a Grammy Award for Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group in 1997. "I'll Be Missing You" sat at the top of the Billboard Hot 100 for eleven weeks and spent nine weeks at the top of the Hot Singles sales. The track topped the R&B singles, R&B singles sales, rap singles charts for eight weeks running; the group booked tours with the Isley brothers, Keith Sweat, New Edition, as well as with Puff Daddy and the Family, totaling four separate tours.
The group spent 18 successive months on the road fulfilling tour commitments. Their second album, Room 112 was released in 1998, featured the hits, "Love Me" featuring Mase and "Anywhere" featuring Lil Zane. Both the album and the song "Love Me" were certified gold. Album sales surpassed the platinum level by January 1999, double platinum sales were recorded in 2002. To continue supporting the album further, 112 went on tour with singer Whitney Houston for her U. S. My Love Is Your Love World Tour in the summer of 1999. A 2001 single, "It's Over Now", charted at the top of the Hot R&B/Hip Hop Songs; the group's third album, Part III was released in 2001, spun the hit Peaches & Cream, earned the group their first and only Grammy nomination in the Best R&B Group or Duo category. While the group was in production on a new album for 2001, executive producer Combs was called to court regarding a shooting incident. Instead of taping at the usual accommodations in Combs's studio, 112 went to Nashville, Tennessee, to record the new disc.
It was a move. The album, Part III, was released on March 20, 2001, following an intensive barrage of advance radio publicity. In the absence of Combs, Part III took off with a running start, it raced up the charts to debut at number two on the Billboard 200 chart. Surpassing gold sales in April, the album went platinum in May. To promote the album further, 112 joined Janet Jackson that summer for her U. S. All for You Tour. Among the singles released from the album, an upbeat track called "Peaches and Cream"—which was credited in part to Combs—scored another crossover hit for the band. Released in June, the track soared to number one on the Rhythmic Top 40 and peaked at number four on the Hot 100; the group earned two award nominations for the song that year: an MTV Best Video nomination in September, a Grammy nomination for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group. In 2002 the group members, having matured both and professionally, came to the realisation that a split with the Bad Boy label was necessary due to the lack of interest.
In search of greater creative control, 112 left Bad Boy Records in February 2002 and signed with Def Jam in July on their Def Soul-imprint, insisting that the breakup was amicable. They reiterated this no-hard-feelings attitude by going to Diddy's House
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
Guadeloupe is an insular region of France located in the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean. Administratively, it is an overseas region consisting of a single overseas department. With a land area of 1,628 square kilometres and an estimated population of 400,132 as of January 2015, it is the largest and most populous European Union territory in North America. Guadeloupe's main islands are Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Désirade, the Îles des Saintes. Guadeloupe, like the other overseas departments, is an integral part of France; as a constituent territory of the European Union and the Eurozone, the euro is its official currency and any European Union citizen is free to settle and work there indefinitely. As an overseas department, however, it is not part of the Schengen Area; the official language is French, but Antillean Creole is spoken by the entire population except recent arrivals from metropolitan France. The island is called "Gwadada" by the locals.
The island was called "Karukera" by the Arawak people, who settled on there in the year 300. Christopher Columbus named the island Santa María de Guadalupe in 1493 after the Virgin Mary, venerated in the Spanish town of Guadalupe. Upon becoming a French colony, the Spanish name was retained though altered to French orthography and phonology. Archaeological evidence indicates that between 800 and 1000 AD drought led to a period with no habitation. Gradual resettlement occurred after 1000 AD. Christopher Columbus landed on the island in 1493. During the 17th century, the Caribs repelled Spanish settlers; the French Compagnie des Îles de l'Amérique delegated Charles Liènard de l'Olive and Jean du Plessis d'Ossonville to colonize one or any of the region's islands, Martinique, or Dominica. They settled in Guadeloupe in 1635, took possession of the island, wiped out many of the natives crushing them in 1641. Tobacco cultivation in the early 1600s was sustained by European laborers. In 1654 80% of the population of Guadeloupe was of European origin.
In the 1600s African slaves were brought in, by 1671 13%. Of the population was of European origin. Guadeloupe produced more sugar than all the British islands combined, worth about £6 million a year; the British captured Guadeloupe in 1759. Britain had seized Canada in the war, debate took place in both Britain and France as to, more valuable, Canada or Guadeloupe. Britain decided Canada, although expensive to maintain, was of greater strategic value and returned Guadeloupe to France in the Treaty of Paris. In 1790, following the French Revolution, monarchists refused to obey the new laws of equal rights for the free people of color and declared independence in 1791. In 1793, a slave rebellion broke out, which made the upper classes turn to the British and ask them to occupy the island. Britain seized Guadeloupe in April 1794. In December 1794, republican governor Victor Hugues used military force, helped by the slave population, to force the British to surrender. Hugues ended slavery, but in 1802, Napoleon I of France restored it, sending a force to recapture the island.
In 1810 the British again seized the island. In the Treaty of Paris of 1814, Sweden ceded Guadeloupe to France, giving rise to the Guadeloupe Fund; the Treaty of Vienna definitively acknowledged French control of Guadeloupe. In 1848, slavery was abolished. Slaves were replaced by indentured servants imported from India to work in the sugar fields. An earthquake in 1843 caused the La Soufrière volcano to erupt. Guadeloupe lost 12,000 of its 150,000 residents in the cholera epidemic of 1865–66. In 1925, after the trial of Henry Sidambarom French nationality and the vote was granted to Indian citizens. In 1946, the colony of Guadeloupe became an overseas department of France. In 2007 the island communes of Saint-Martin and Saint-Barthélemy were detached from Guadeloupe and became two separate French overseas collectivities with their own local administration. In January 2009, labour unions and others known as the Liyannaj Kont Pwofitasyon went on strike for more pay; the strike lasted 44 days. Tourism suffered during this time and affected the 2010 tourist season as well.
The 2009 French Caribbean general strikes exposed deep ethnic and class tensions and disparities within Guadeloupe. Guadeloupe is an archipelago of more than 12 islands, as well as islets and rocks situated where the northeastern Caribbean Sea meets the western Atlantic Ocean, it is in the Leeward Islands, in the northern part of the Lesser Antilles, an island arc a volcanic arc. Most of the inhabitants live on a pair of islands, Basse-Terre Island and Grande-Terre, which form a butterfly shape, viewed from above, the two wings of which are separated by a narrow sea channel, the Salée River. More than half of Guadeloupe's land surface is on Basse-Terre. Western Basse-Terre has a rough volcanic relief while eastern Grande-Terre features rolling hills and flat plains. La Grande Soufrière is the highest mountain peak in the Lesser Antilles, with an elevation of 1,467 metres; the adjacent islands of La Désirade, Les Saintes, Marie-Galante are under jurisdiction of Guadeloupe. The Lesser Antilles are at the outer edge of the Caribbean Plate.
Many of the islands were formed as a result of the subduction of oceanic crust of the Atlantic Plate under the Caribbean Plate in the Lesser Antilles subduction zone. This process is responsible for volcanic and earthquake activity in the region. Guadeloupe was formed from multiple volcanoes. There is an act
Mehdi Favéris-Essadi better known by his stage name DJ Mehdi, was a French hip hop and house producer. Mehdi was born of Tunisian background in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, he was a former disc jockey of the groups Different Teep, Idéal J and former member of the collective the Mafia K'1 Fry. He was a long time the quasi-appointed producer of the group 113 and carried out nearly all the production of the albums for Different Teep and Karlito. Amid his work, Mehdi had remixed various electronic acts and composition soundtracks for many French and international films. After having been recognized for his efforts and budding into one of the French underground hip hop music scene’s premier producers, DJ Mehdi henceforth pushed boundaries by mixing hip hop and electronic music, he collaborated with such notable artists as Daft Punk, Cassius, MC Solaar, Futura 2000, Asian Dub Foundation and Chromeo among others. “Coming from a rap music background, it’s always nice to collaborate within other music genres…Paris is inspiring because a lot of people are making great stuff, music and in other arts related fields also.
My music and philosophies revolve around beats and blues, that’s how I would try to describe it.” Signing to cross-genre label Ed Banger Records and Pedro Winter were working on various disco-hop sounds as far back as 1997. Together they hosted a successful monthly night at former Paris nightspot Pulp. “I like to be the DJ, I love it so much. I love to try new things. You would never get into this business to be bored, or you would hope not.” Mehdi released his first full-length LP in 2002 The Story of Espion, followed by his second album, Lucky Boy, in August 2006. The popularity of cross genre hip hop into such areas as indie and electronic music, popularization by Timbaland and other labels from the United States in more recent years helped to bridge the gap between dance genres. Mehdi's single "I Am Somebody" was used in a 2007 American commercial for XM radio. More DJ Mehdi was part of a group of friends and DJ's collectively known as "Club 75" which includes Cassius, Busy P and Xavier de Rosnay.
In 2010, he launched a project in collaboration with Riton, a close friend, titled "Carte Blanche". Mehdi, being a fan of the late J Dilla, created a mixtape tribute entitled "Loukoums", released in 2006; the mixtape is based on the concept of J Dilla's instrumental album Donuts, released the same year. In regards to the mixtape's direction and concept, Medhi stated: "Based on the DONUTS album concept, these are demos, out-takes and unreleased gems from various records I worked on before and during the making of LUCKY BOY, my next album. Stuff comes from MEGALOPOLIS, 113 DEGRES and SHEITAN soundtrack but some is older too. Hope you enjoy these rough mixes and un-polished sounds, as I pay hommage to'one of the greatest minds to make beats': Mr. James Yancey, better known as JAY DEE known as DILLA."Since the death of DJ Mehdi in 2011, this mixtape is now available for free on the Ed Banger Records' Soundcloud page. Mehdi died on September 13, 2011, when the skylight of his Paris home collapsed while he was celebrating Riton's birthday with a group of friends on the roof.
Mehdi was the only fatality. Ideal JOriginal Mc's Sur Une MIssion Le Combat Continue 113Ni barreaux, ni barrières, ni frontières Les Princes De La Ville Fout La Merde KarlitoContenu Sous Pression MapeiCocoa Butter Diaries Solo workThe Story Of Espion Des Friandises Pour Ta Bouche Loukoums Lucky Boy Lucky Boy at Night "Wonderbra" "Classik" / "Au Fond De Mon Cœur" / "Esclave 2000" "A L'Anciene" / "Les Points Sur Les I Remix" "Le Ssem" / "Le Jeu de La Mort" "Couleur Ebène" "I am Somebody" "Signatune" 1997 Koma – "Realite Rap" 1998 113 – "Les Evadés" 1998 Fabe – "Quand j'serai grand..." 1999 Cassius – "Feeling for You" 2000 Joakim Lone Octet – "Oleg Dans Les Bois" 2000 Manu Key – "Si Tu Savais" 2001 Akhenaton – "K" 2002 Next Evidence – "Dance On" 2002 Etienne de Crécy – "Out of My Hands" 2003 Asian Dub Foundation – "Fortress Europe" 2004 Wayne Shorter – "Footprints" 2006 Architecture in Helsinki – "In Case We Die" 2006 New Young Pony Club – "Ice Cream" 2007 Outlines- "Just a Lil' Lovin" 2008 Sam Sparro – "21st Century Life" 2009 Erol Alkan & Boys Noize – "Death Suite" 2009 Miike Snow – "Burial" 2009 Miike Snow – ANDY FING P. 2009 Uffie - "Pop the Glock" 2010 Zombie Nation – Overshoot Loukoums DJ Mehdi on Myspace Discogs.com: DJ Mehdi
Street Lourd is a French record label specializing in French urban music. It was established in 2004 by DJ Mosko, Teddy Corona and Mista Flo all from the Mafia K-1 Fry collective; the label has released a series of Street Lourd concept albums produced and performed by members of the Mafia K-1 Fry collective The initial album was produced by DJ Mosko, Teddy Corona and Mista Flo and contained 20 tracks by various artists. It was released on 16 November 2004. Rohff & Kamelancien: "À quoi bon sert" Rim'K & Lino: "Haute criminologie" Kool Shen & Serum: "Du 93 au 94" Pit Baccardi, Cohorte & Dosseh: "Le son de la street" Intouchable, Kamelancien & Rohff: La Hass Kery James & Booba: "Chacun sa manière" Alibi Montana: "Ta gueule" AP & Mista Flo: "94 Hall Stars" Diam's & Kennedy: "Parce que le monde" Rohff: "En mode 1" Soprano, L'Algérino & Kalash: "Reseaux pas hallal" Aketo, OGB & Saïko: "Pour les Halls" Skomoni: "Le jeu du rap" Dontcha & Calbo: "Street Lourd" Karlito & Rak: "Tout le monde en parle" Dragon D & Incorruptible: "Tu peux pas" Sefyu Molotov & RR: "Vnr" Sinik & Dynam: "Lyrics rue" Dicidens: "Le sang des tours Rohff: "En mode 2" Mafia K-1 Fly collective had a second collective release consisting of a double CD, released on 12 July 2010.
Known as Street Lourd II The first CD contained 19 tracks by various artists of the collective, the second CD 2 tracks and a series of 13 freestyle works. CD 1Kery James - Ghetto Youss - Skomoni: "Boys in the Hood" Rim'K - Kool Shen: "Reste pas là" Youssoupha - Mam's - Arsenik: "Ne compare pas" Nessbeal - Dry: "La Succursale" Seth Gueko - Alpha 5.20 - Mista Flo: "Pour les Youves" Rohff: "Salamoualikoum" Salif - Shone - Six Coups MC: "Y'a koi?" Soprano - Brasco - Aketo: "G. H. E. T. T. O" L. I. M. - Demon One - Boulox Force - Selim du 9.4: "La Danse des Leurs-dea" Le Rat Luciano - Larsen - Mister You: "C'est du Lourd" Tunisiano - OGB - Médine: "Le Traite de ma Street" Al K-Pote - R. R - M. E. H: "Ca arrache" Kery James - Sefyu: "Street Lourd Terrible" Zesau - Despo Rutti - "Sauvage" AP du 113 - Nubi: "Pirates des Caraïbes" La Fouine - Alonzo - Teddy Corona: "Dans nos Quartiers" TLF - Karlito: "Ma ville, Ma capitale" Sinik - Kamelancien: "Enfants Terribles" Niro: "T'as l'seum" CD 21. "Freestyle Hall Stars" byNiro Sadek Sofiane B.
O Digital Tiers Monde Kaarys Croma Béné Beli Blanco Stokos Dixon Marechal Don Kan2. Amy et Bushy: "Ho Merde!" 3. Le Rat Luciano - Larsen - Mister You: "C'est du Lourd" Official website YouTube
Alix Mathurin better known as Kery James, is a French rapper, songwriter and record producer from Orly, born in Guadeloupe to Haitian parents. Prior to his solo career, he was in Idéal J, he is part of French hip hop and rap collective Mafia K-1 Fry. Kery James arrived in continental France at the age of seven, his mother raised him in Orly, a suburb of Paris. He started at a young age to rap and write his own texts; the famous MC Solaar noticed him. He described the setting as "A place where the Islamic faith was omnipresent". After his conversion to Islam, he added Ali to his name; the media has labelled him "the rapper repented through Islam". Kery James is aware of it, he assumes this image. "I prefer to be the one. Numerous young Muslims are tempted to be extremist. If I can open their eyes it is a good thing for them". At around thirteen years old, he became a member of the group Idéal Junior. There he was known as Daddy Kery. Idéal J garnered a few singles with explicit titles like "Hardcore", "Pour une poignée de dollars" and a first album titled Original MC's sur une mission.
In 1992, their single "La vie est brutale" was released showing great promise though one of the talented artists, Alter MC, promptly left the group. In subsequent years while colleague DJ Mehdi progressed as a prominent producer, Kery worked extensively on writing new material, his texts reflecting a life that involved altercations with the police, street rivalries and an omnipresent fear of death. In 1996 the band's first album under the moniker Ideal J led the group to become renowned and respected as amongst the top French rappers with well-known singles like "Ghetto français", "Show business" and "Je veux du cash". Ideal J multiplied their appearances on Maxis and as featured acts, reaching a surprising maturity with the single "J'désole mes parents" present on the compilation Nouvelle donne. However, Kery's career was put temporarily on hold in 1999 when his close childhood friend Las Montana was shot and killed. Kery took refuge in religious faith and took the name Ali as a symbol of his full conversion to Islam.
In October 2001, he released his solo album "Si c'était à refaire" with, among others, the tracks "28 décembre 1977", "Si c'était à refaire", "Soledad", "Y'a pas d'couleur". This album is personal and benefits from numerous collaborations: Nubians, Salif Keita... The rap is influenced by African, Cuban musical influences, without forgetting the use of percussions and original instruments for this music style as the xylophone, he sings his African roots but the problems of society like money and moral values. This album reflects the surprising maturity of Kery. In 2004, Kery James' second album, Ma vérité continued to underline social and political militant messages taking positions on such subjects as the war in Iraq and on reality TV. However, at the same time, duets with popular stars such as Diam's Mélanie Giorgadès and Amel Bent, started to distance him from his underground image. In March 2008 this metamorphosis to mainstream popularity was underlined by a new album À l'ombre du show business whose title track was a collaboration with legendary French chanson star Charles Aznavour.
Other tracks included Le combat continue Banlieusards and Vrai Peura. On its first week of release the album reached third place on the French charts with 24,459 albums sold. For the music videos of this album, he worked with Luc Besson, Matthieu Kassovitz, J. G Biggs and Chris Macari. Others2013: Coffret integral with Idéal Junior / Idéal J1992: La vie est brutale 1996: O'riginal MC's sur une mission 1998: Le Combat Continue with Mafia K-1 Fry1997: Les liens sacrés 1999: Légendaire 2003: La cerise sur le ghetto 2007: Jusqu'à la mort Site officiel, sur Skyrock.com « J'aurais pu dire », version audio « J'aurai pu dire », version vidéo Biographie et airplays de Kery James