Hans Smolders

Hans A. J. Smolders is a Dutch politician, former professional ice hockey player, entrepreneur, he worked as a refrigeration mechanic until he sold his company in 2001. The next year, he was elected member of the House of Representatives as a member of the party Pim Fortuyn List, he served in this position for less than a year. Since Smolders has been active in local politics in his home town Tilburg, being a member of the municipal council for most of this period. In 2019, he was elected member of the States of North Brabant. During his years as a refrigeration mechanic, Smolders was a professional ice hockey player, having played multiple matches for the Dutch national ice hockey team. Smolders was born on 15 September 1960 in Tilburg, his father was a mailman. Smolders attended vocational school, graduated in 1977. In the following five years, he received two degrees in refrigeration, one from a college in's-Hertogenbosch and one from a college in Ede. Alongside, Smolders worked as a refrigeration mechanic.

After his education, he kept working in that field, started his own company in 1984. Smolders sold his company, called "Smol Koeling", in 2001, causing him to declare himself financially independent. During that same time, Smolders was an ice hockey player of the Tilburg Trappers, playing a total of 341 games between 1977 and 1986. Furthermore, he was part of the Dutch junior ice hockey team and of the national ice hockey team, playing in 13 international matches for the latter team between 1978 and 1983. Smolders was a candidate in the 2002 general election as a member of the Pim Fortuyn List, he was the 16th person on the candidate list of that party. During the election season, he was Pim Fortuyn's driver. Nine days before the election, Fortuyn was assassinated by Volkert van der Graaf; as Fortuyn's driver, Smolders witnessed the event, said he followed the suspect afterwards until Van der Graaf was arrested by the police. After the election, he became a member for the Pim Fortuyn List in the House of Representatives.

He left the lower house in January 2003. At the end of the 2003, he founded. In April 2004, Smolders said a man showed up at his home armed with a gun, saying he should leave politics. Smolders said; the perpetrator was never found. Smolders joined the local Tilburg Elderly Party at the end of 2004, saying he would be active within the party and opened up the possibility of running for a seat in the Tilburg municipal council for that party. Smolders participated with List Smolders, in the March 2006 municipal elections, his party won 5 out of 39 seats in the Tilburg municipal council, he became a member of the council. While he was still a member of the municipal council, Smolders appeared on the ballot during the November 2006 general election. Smolders was the 19th person on the candidate list of the party One NL, founded a few months before the elections. However, the party did not win any seats in the House of Representatives. Smolders remained a council member in Tilburg. Smolders clashed with mayor Ruud Vreeman, who he accused of mismanagement.

When Smolders was investigated for corruption, he said the investigation was started by Vreeman as an excuse for mistakes Vreeman had made regarding the renovation of a local theater. Vreeman resigned because of the scandal surrounding the Midi Theater in October 2009 after a censure motion by the municipal council; when the next municipal elections took place in 2010, Smolders decided his party would not participate. He stated. Smolders re-entered politics in 2014, when he participated again with his party List Smolders in the municipal elections, he said. His party won five out of the 45 seats in the Tilburg municipal council, causing Smolders to become a member of the council once more. In 2017, Smolders was chosen "politician of the year" by the readers of the local news website During the next elections in 2018, his party received a plurality in the Tilburg municipal council, his party's seat number doubled to 10. Smolders called it a "historic victory". Although his party won the most seats in the municipal council of any party, it did not become part of the coalition that makes up the executive board.

A demonstration against the fact Smolders's party was excluded was held in April and attracted about one hundred protestors including Smolders himself. Smolders appeared on the ballot during the 2019 Dutch provincial elections as lijstduwer of Forum for Democracy in the province North Brabant; as lijstduwer, he appeared on place 15 on FvD's list for the election and he said he wanted to be elected with preferential votes. Smolders received 20,833 preferential votes, enough to become a member of the States of North Brabant, was sworn in on March 28. Forum for Democracy received nine out of 55 seats in the States, becoming the second biggest party behind the VVD. Smolders remains a member of the Tilburg municipal council. In 2007, the mayor, Ruud Vreeman, filed charges against Smolders for leaking confidential information about alleged drug trade in a nightclub. Smolders defended himself by saying the information should not have been confidential in the first place. Shortly after, Smolders charged Vreeman with fraud.

He alleged. The court said Smolders kept leaking after he was charged, he was given a fine of €750 on appeal. In October 2009, Smolders was investigated after he was accused of leaking a report about the Midi Theater to several media outlets; the report, which criticized ma

Ministries of the Ukrainian SSR

The ministries of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic were central bodies of state administration of the Ukrainian SSR as republican ministries of the Soviet Union. Among other central bodies of state administration there were committees, state committees, other agencies. After World War II in 1946 ministries uniformly as throughout the rest of the Soviet Union replaced the existing People's Commissariats; the ministries were part of the Council of Ministries of the UkrSSR until 18 April 1991 when the latter was reformed into the Cabinet of Ministries of the UkrSSR. Ministries of the Ukrainian SSR governed their assigned sectors of economy, socially-cultural, administratively-political administrations within the Ukrainian SSR. Ministries of the Ukrainian SSR were categorized in union-republican and republican, such division existed until May 13, 1991. Republican ministries were administered by the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, while union-republican ministries had double subordination to the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR as well as to their respective union-republican ministries of the Soviet Union or in some instances - state committees of the Soviet Union.

The general principles of organization and functioning of ministries of the Ukrainian SSR are regulated by the Constitution of the Soviet Union, Constitution of the Ukrainian SSR, other legal acts. More detailed regulations are established by the Law of the Ukrainian SSR about the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR of December 19, 1978. Additionally each ministry has its own statute that defines its tasks and legal status. Ministries of the Ukrainian SSR are headed by their ministers. Ministries are responsible for status and development of their respective sector and execution of state plans as well as solution of other tasks that those sectors face. In 1981 there were at least 28 union-republican ministries in Ukraine and only six republican ministries. After transformation of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR into the Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, number of ministers decreased while their categorization on union-republican and republican was eliminated after the adaptation of Declaration on State Sovereignty of Ukraine.

In bold are ministries that were kept or revived in post-Soviet Ukraine. Ministry of Internal Affairs Ministry of State Security merged with the Ministry of Interior Affairs Ministry of Civil Housing Construction Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Light Industry → State Committee of Light Industry Ministry of Textile Industry → Ministry of Light Industry Ministry of Forestry Ministry of Forest, Industry → "Ukrlisprom" Ministry of Furniture and Carpentry → Ministry of Forestry, Paper Ministry of Paper and Woodworking Industry Ministry of Meat and Diary Industry → State Committee of Agrarian-Industrial Complex Ministry of Education → with Ministry of Science Ministry of Health Care Ministry of Construction Materials Industry → "Ukrbudmaterialy" Ministry of Trade → with Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations in 1992–1994 and 1995–2000, with Economical Development People's Commissariat of Procurement Ministry of Finance Ministry of Food Industry → with Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations in 1991–1997, 2010–2019 Ministry of Tasting Industry → Ministry of Food Industry Ministry of Justice Ministry of Culture with Ministry of Arts, with Ministry of Tourism, with Ministry of Youth and Sports Ministry of Ferrous MetallurgyState Planning Commission Ministry of Coal Industry Ministry of Communication with Ministry of Transportation Ministry of Higher and Special General Education → State Committee on issues of Science and Technology Ministry of Construction → with Ministry of Investments, with Ministry of Architecture, with Ministry of Architecture and Public Housing, with Ministry of Regional Development, with Ministry of Public Housing Ministry of Construction of Heavy Industry Companies Ministry of Geology Ministry of Power Generation and Electrification Ministry of Amelioration and Water Management Ministry of Montage and Special Construction Ministry of Fruit and Vegetable Farming Ministry of Rural Construction Ministry of Transportation merged with the Ministry of Communication in 2004 Ministry of Public Housing Ministry of Local Industry Ministry of Local Fueling Industry merged with the Ministry of Local Industry in 1953 Ministry of Social Security in 1997–2010 along with Ministry of Labor Ministry of Construction and Exploitation of Automobile Roads Ministry of Consumer Services of Population Ministry of Defense Ministry of State Control → Commission of People's Control People's Commissariat of Workers'-Peasants' Inspection merged with People's Commissariat of State Control Ministry of Agriculture → with Ministry of Food Industry 1991–1997, 2010–2019, with Ministry of Reg