113th Brigade (United Kingdom)

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The 113th Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army active in both World War I and World War II.

World War I[edit]

Men of the 15th (Service) Battalion (1st London Welsh), Royal Welsh Fusiliers in the snow-covered front line trenches at Fleurbaix, 28 December 1917.

The 113th Brigade was originally raised in World War I from men volunteering for Lord Kitchener's New Armies, and was assigned to the 38th (Welsh) Division. The brigade, composed entirely of four battalions of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers, served in the trenches of the Western Front throughout the war.

Order of battle[edit]

The 113th Brigade was constituted as follows during the war:[1]

  • 13th (Service) Battalion (1st North Wales), Royal Welsh Fusiliers (from November 1914)
  • 14th (Service) Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers (from November 1914)
  • 15th (Service) Battalion (1st London Welsh), Royal Welsh Fusiliers (from November 1914, disbanded February 1918)
  • 16th (Service) Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers (from November 1914)
  • 17th (Service) Battalion (2nd North Wales), Royal Welsh Fusiliers (from February 1915, left July 1915)
  • 113th Machine Gun Company, Machine Gun Corps (from 19 May 1916, moved to 38th Battalion, Machine Gun Corps March 1918)
  • 113th Trench Mortar Battery (from 26 December 1915)

World War II[edit]

The brigade and division were both disbanded after the war, but were reformed in the Territorial Army (TA), the British Army's part-time reserve force, in the latter half of 1939 as war with Nazi Germany seemed increasingly likely. As a consequence of this, the Territorial Army was ordered to be doubled in size, with each unit forming a 2nd Line duplicate. The 38th (Welsh) Infantry Division was reconstituted as was the brigade, now the 113th Infantry Brigade. The 113th Brigade, under the command of Brigadier Llewellyn Alston, was formed as a duplicate of the 160th Infantry Brigade and initially consisted of two TA battalions, the 15th and 2/5th, of the Welch Regiment and one, the 4th, of the Monmouthshire Regiment. However, the brigade never saw active service outside the United Kingdom during World War II and was reduced to a Lower Establishment and eventually became a training brigade.

Order of battle[edit]

The 113th Infantry Brigade was constituted as follows during the war:[2]

  • 15th Battalion, Welch Regiment (left 22 July 1944)
  • 2/5th Battalion, Welch Regiment (left 29 August 1944)
  • 4th Battalion, Monmouthshire Regiment (redesignated 1st Battalion, South Wales Borderers 12 December 1942)
  • 113th Infantry Brigade Anti-Tank Company (formed 1 September 1940, disbanded 6 January 1942)
  • 1st Battalion, South Wales Borderers (from 12 December 1942, left 30 November 1943, rejoined 21 January 1944, left 29 August 1944)

From 26 September 1944:[3]

Commanders[edit]

The following officers commanded the 113th Infantry Brigade during the war:[4]

  • Brigadier L.A.A. Alston (until 28 July 1941)
  • Brigadier D.C. Butterworth (from 28 July 1941 until 30 April 1942)
  • Brigadier N.A. McD. Walker (from 30 April 1942 until 22 June 1942)
  • Brigadier H.V. Combe (from 22 June 1942)

From 26 September 1944:[5]

  • Brigadier B.B. Rackham (until 30 August 1945)
  • Brigadier G.P. Harding (from 30 August 1945)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "38th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Joslen, p. 305
  3. ^ Joslen, p. 290
  4. ^ Joslen, p. 305
  5. ^ Joslen, p. 290

Sources[edit]

  • Joslen, Lt-Col H.F. (1990) [1st. Pub. HMSO:1960]. Orders of Battle, Second World War, 1939–1945. London: London Stamp Exchange. ISBN 0-948130-03-2.