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Mahsud

The Mahsud or Mehsud spelled Maseed, is a Karlani Pashtun tribe inhabiting the South Waziristan Agency in Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. A minor number of Maseed lineages are settled in the Logar Province of Afghanistan in Charkh District, Baraki barak and Muhammad Agha, but in Wardak and Kunduz Provinces; the Maseeds inhabit the center and north of South Waziristan valley, surrounded on three sides by the Darweshkhel Wazirs, being shut off by the Bettanis on the east from the Derajat and Bannu districts. Two Pashtun tribes, the Ahmadzai Wazirs and the Maseeds and dominate South Waziristan. Within the heart of Maseed territory in South Waziristan lies the influential Ormur tribe's stronghold of Kaniguram; the Ormurs are considered by other tribes of South Waziristan to be close brethren of the Maseeds due to marital and other ties and the fact that the Ormurs have lived in and controlled Kaniguram for over a thousand years. There are some Maseeds living in the UAE, Germany and the United Kingdom.

The Maseeds pronounce their name Māsīd. They are divided into three great clans or subtribes, namely [[Alizai |, Shamankhel. Maseeds call these Drei Māsīd, meaning the "Three Maseeds"; each tribe has his own Khan. In the words of Sir Olaf Caroe, who acted as the former governor of the British Indian Frontier, "The Maseed tribe are a people who can never think of submitting to a foreign power." From 1860 to 1937, the English forces attacked Maseed positions, but never got a foothold in the area. The Maseeds lived in the centre of waziristan area of FATA. In the 14th century, they migrated eastwards, fell into dispute with the Bannuchi and Khattak tribes settled in the Shawal area; the Maseeds and the Wazirs succeeded to defeat the Khattaks and pushed them northeastwards towards Bannu and Kohat. The Mahsuds settled at the center of Waziristan, in the Makeen and Lada area. During the British colonial period, the Maseeds were invaded several times by the British Empire, in 1860, 1881, 1894–95, 1900–01, 1919–20 and in 1925's Pink's War.

The Maseed tribe inhabits a large portion of the center of Waziristan, drained by the Tank Zam and Shahur Rivers. The Maseed territory is a rough triangle between Jandola, the hills north of Razmak, from Shuidar to Janimela, north of Wana. No portion of their territory touches the "settled" districts, the tribe is surrounded on the north and west by the Wazirs, on the east by the Bhittanis, on the south by the Wazirs and Shranis. With the exception of a few Shabi Khel in the Bannu District, some land near Gumal in the Tank Tehsil, the colonies at Chark and elsewhere in the Logar Valley in Afghanistan, none of the Maseed own land outside of South Waziristan Agency. To escape the severe cold in the higher hills during the winter, a large number move down to the lower valleys but always keep within the Maseed territorial limits. Many of these people live in tents. "South Waziristan is mountainous with several high peaks. The Gomal is the main river, in addition to which there are many hill torrents, which…remain dry for most of the year."

The mountains and valleys geographically isolate the Maseed from large scale movements of invaders and provide excellent opportunities to conduct effective ambushes on enemies. The cave villages along the Shahur River near Barwand and along the Split Toi provide excellent hiding places and defensive positions. Many Maseed inhabit in the lower valleys during the winter, they return to family compounds at higher elevations during the summer. Valleys: Wacha Khwara, Baddar, Darra Algad, Mastang, Sheranna, Split Toi, Tak Zam Plains: Razmak Mountains: Kundeygaar, Pre Ghal, Spin Ghar, Spinkamar Rivers: Tak Zam, Shahur, Shinkai Toi, Baddar Toi, Split Toi, Lower Khaisara Toi, Tauda China, Osspass, Torwam, Thangi Parkhai The climate in the region is hot in summer, with high temperatures around 110 degrees Fahrenheit, cool in winter, with low temperatures around 35 degrees Fahrenheit. There is modest rainfall in January and February. On many occasions the Afghan throne was saved with the help of the Maseed, Burki/Baraki, Wazirs from Waziristan, Pakistan.

Of those who fought during this time, most came back to their homeland, but those who stayed were given high ranks of office, such as Faiz Muhammad Maseed, appointed as an interior minister during the Reign of Daud Khan in the 1970s. Today the majority of Maseeds are still in Logar Province, with the title of Waziri, but by caste, they are Maseeds; the majority of these are with a sub-caste of Malik Denai, Faridi, Shamirai شمیرائی, Shabi khel, etc. When the Soviet–Afghan War started, some of these families came back to Waziristan but could not stay there, so they moved to cities like Peshawar and Karachi; some of them stayed in waziristan and D. I. Khan; the Maseed helped to defeat the British invading troops and saved Afghanistan, they contributed a lot because Afghanistan was nearly in the hands of British. John Ayde described the Maseeds: They are poor but brave… and although turbulent and difficult to deal with, still have a great love of their country and cherish their independence, possessing qualities that we admire ourselves, which deserve consideration and respect.

Maseed are good marksmen and have the reputation of trustworthiness. Maseed is the most independent of all the tribes, their own maliks have a limited control over them

Stanton College Preparatory School

Stanton College Preparatory School is an academically renowned public high school in Jacksonville, Florida. The school's history dates to the 1860s when it was begun as an elementary school serving the African-American population under the then-segregated education system, it now serves secondary students within the Duval County Public Schools of Florida. The school offers special curricula which include Honors courses, Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate courses. In 2005, the Advanced Placement Report to the Nation recognized Stanton College Preparatory School as the best large size high school for Advanced Placement European History and Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition in the world. From 2000 to 2003, Stanton College Prep was ranked first in Newsweek magazine's list of the top 1,000 public schools in the United States, is the only school in the nation to have been in the top 5 every year from 2000-2011. US News and World Report ranked Stanton at ninth place on its 2008 list of America's Best High Schools.

It has ranked first in the US in the number of International Baccalaureate diplomas awarded. Stanton perennially leads the Jacksonville metropolitan area in the number of National Merit Scholarship recipients, ranks in the top three in the state; the school has been named a Blue Ribbon School of Excellence. As of August 2014, Stanton is rated number 12 of the top high schools in the nation by US News and number 10 by Newsweek. Stanton was called "one of the premier IB and AP public schools in the country" by Jay Mathews in his 2005 book Supertest: How the International Baccalaureate Can Strengthen Our Schools. To many students, Stanton is known for rigorous standards. Most Stanton students attend some form of college after graduation, whether four-year or two-year institutions, national, or international. In 2014, the Washington Post ranked the school as the 4th most challenging high school in the Southern United States. Shortly after the end of the Civil War, a group of African Americans from Jacksonville organized the Education Society, and, in 1868, purchased the property on which the Old Stanton School was built.

It was their intent to erect a school to be called the Florida Institute. Financial problems, delayed progress on the building until December of that year, when the school was built and incorporated through the aid of the Freedmen's Bureau; this wooden structure was named in honor of Edwin McMasters Stanton, President Abraham Lincoln's second Secretary of War. He was an ardent champion of human rights and an advocate of free school education for Negro boys and girls, it was the second school for black children in the state of Florida. For a number of years, the Freedmen's Bureau ran the school. Northern white teachers were employed until the county leased the property for the purpose of opening a public school; the first building was destroyed by fire in 1882. Another building constructed the same year was destroyed by fire on May 3, 1901, a fire that destroyed much of Jacksonville. A new school was constructed in 1902 and remained in operation until 1917; the school mascot had been the Blue Devil.

Because the school had burned and been rebuilt twice, "the Phoenix rising from ashes" would be adopted as a second mascot. Today both mascots are used, with the Blue Devil used as the mascot for sports and other activities, the Phoenix used as a symbol of the school itself, along with the most current logo, a royal blue Superman "S" symbol. On May 23, 1914, the Circuit Court of Duval County appointed nine trustees to manage the school and its property, they were Robert B. Archibald, S. H. Hart, A. L. Lewis, J. W. Floyd, W. L. Girardeau, I. L. Purcell, B. C. Vanderhorst, J. E. Spearing, W. H. H. Styles. Archibaid and Hart were replaced by J. M. Baker and L. H. Myers; the deteriorating and unsafe condition of the poorly-constructed school building prompted the Board of Public Instruction, the Stanton School trustees, interested citizens of Jacksonville to jointly agree to replace the wooden structure with a fire-proof building. In 1917 the building, which still stands at Ashley, Broad and Clay Streets, was completed.

Stanton became the main focus for the education of black children in Duval County and surrounding areas. The Edwin M. Stanton School was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. An impressive record of academic expansion has accomplished the physical growth of Stanton. Beginning as an elementary school with six grades, under the administration of J. C. Waters as the first principal and D. W. Gulp who followed as principal, Stanton became known throughout the state for the high educational standards which it still maintains today; the eighth grade was added under the leadership of Principal W. M. Artrell. Principal James Weldon Johnson, an alumnus, started the move toward a high school department; the addition of the twelfth grade made Stanton a comprehensive school. Stanton continued as a school for all grades through the administrations of I. A. Blocker, G. M. Sampson, J. N. Wilson. In 1938, with F. J. Anderson as principal, Stanton became a senior high school exclusively. J. L. Terry served as the last principal of Stanton Senior High School.

In 1953, the Stanton Senior School name was transferred to a new facility on 13th Street and was renamed New Stanton Senior High School. Charles D. Brooks was the first principal of the new school. Under his leadership, Stanton continued to foster the same traditionally high standards which befit its rich heritage, flourished as the oldest and most important high school for blacks in Jacksonville. Beginni