SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

1143

Year 1143 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. Jijel is taken by the Normans. A Norman raid on Ceuta fails, but at the same time the Normans lead a successful assault against Sfax. December 25 – Baldwin III is crowned King of Jerusalem, succeeding his father Fulk. April 5 – Manuel I Comnenus becomes Byzantine Emperor. July 1 – Battle of Wilton: Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester defeats Stephen I of England at Wilton. September 26 – Pope Celestine II succeeds Pope Innocent II, as the 165th pope. October 5 – Treaty of Zamora: Portugal is recognized by the Kingdom of León as an independent kingdom, although it has functioned as one since the Battle of São Mamede in 1128. During the summer the people of Rome revolt against the authority of the Pope, create a republican city-state comparable to that of the other Italian cities. Adolf II of Holstein founds the city of Lübeck as part of eastward expansion in Germany. Robert of Ketton makes the first European translation of the Qur'an into Latin.

July 31 – Emperor Nijō of Japan January 12 – Patriarch Leo of Constantinople February 6 – Hugh II, Duke of Burgundy April 8 – John II Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor April 18 – Gertrude of Süpplingenburg, regent of Saxony September 24 – Agnes of Germany, Austrian duchess, daughter of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Pope Innocent II November 13 – Fulk, King of Jerusalem, Count of Anjou December 12 – Kogyo-Daishi, restorer of Shingon Buddhism in Japan date unknown – William of Malmesbury, English historian

Andrea Bregno

Andrea di Cristoforo Bregno was an Italian sculptor and architect of the Early Renaissance who worked in Rome from the 1460s and died just as the High Renaissance was getting under way. He was born in Osteno, into one of the most famous artistic families in Northern Italy, his father, Cristoforo Bregno, his brothers and Girolamo, were sculptors. They formed a workshop in Ferrara, took over the supervision of the architecture at the Doge's Palace in Venice after the death of Bartolomeo Bon. Andrea Bregno was invited to move from Venice to Rome. During the pontificate of the Della Rovere Pope Sixtus IV he received many commissions and headed a large workshop, producing many wall tombs of cardinals and other figures of the papal curia with varying degrees of personal responsibility, he was famous among his contemporaries, was compared to the Greek sculptor Polykleitos in the epitaph of his tomb in Santa Maria sopra Minerva. Raphael's father, Giovanni Santi, mentioned Bregno in the 1480s, in his biography of Federico da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino.

Bregno worked with Mino da Fiesole in Rome, his refined Lombard manner was rendered more classical by the contact and by the example of Roman sculptures that were coming to light, of which Andrea Bregno was an early collector: a certain "Prospettivo Milanese", writing in 1499-1500 refers to a torso in the collection of a "Maestro Andrea" that seems to have been the Belvedere Torso. He moved in humanist circles and was an esteemed friend of the humanist in Sixtus' circle, Bartolomeo Platina, the librarian of the Vatican Library. Bregno played a significant role in the standardization of an authentically classicizing style of epigraphy, in the inscriptions that accompany his tombs. In the Sistine Chapel he collaborated with Mino da Fiesole and Giovanni Dalmata to produce the little cantoria or choristers' gallery set into the wall, with its own coffered ceiling and carved marble balusters, the marble screen; the attribution to Andrea Bregno and Baccio Pontelli of the Church of Santa Maria del Popolo, commissioned by Sixtus IV, is traditional, as is the tradition that the two were responsible for the Palazzo della Cancelleria.

Donato Bramante followed in both locations. In Santa Maria del Popolo, Bramante extended the apse, but the facade is of the earlier campaign, picked out in architectural guides as one of the finest pieces of Early Renaissance architecture in Rome. Most of the hexagonal side chapels with sexpartite ribbed vaults and balustrades preserved their original layout, his late masterwork is the elaborate white marble reredos of the Piccolomini altar in the Duomo of Siena, completed in 1503. It takes the form of an architectural facade round a large central exedra with a half-domed head, figures in niches. In 1481, Andrea Bregno had started the altar for the tomb of Cardinal Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini, to succeed Pope Alexander VI as Pius III in 1503. Bregno died in Rome in 1506, his tomb, dated 1506, in Santa Maria sopra Minerva, bears his portrait bust a work of Luigi Capponi. A symposium held at Urbino, 24–25 June 2006, resulted in the publication Andrea Bregno Giovanni Santi e la cultura adriatica del Rinascimento: Atti del Convegno di Studi, Giuliana Gardelli, ed..

Niche tomb of Cardinal Louis d'Albret, Santa Maria in Aracoeli, Rome. Traces of gilding and color remain on the marble. Tomb of the polymath Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa, San Pietro in Vincoli. Tomb of Cardinal Tebaldi, Santa Maria sopra Minerva, executed with Giovanni Dalmata. Tomb of Cardinal Alain de Coëtivy, in Santa Prassede Tomb of Cardinal Pietro Riario (died 1474, in the Church of Santi XII Apostoli. Tomb of Cardinal Cristoforo della Rovere, a nephew of Sixtus IV, in the Della Rovere Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo. A Madonna is by Mino da Fiesole. Tomb of Raffael Della Rovere, the brother of Sixtus IV, crypt of Santi XII Apostoli Tomb of Cardinal Juan Díaz de Coca, Santa Maria sopra Minerva, Rome. Wall tomb of Fra Lippo Lippi, Spoleto cathedral, c. 1492. Tomb of Cardinal Jorge da Costa, in the Costa Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo, 1502 Tomb of Cardinal Antoniotto Pallavicini, in the Montemirabile Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo Madonna, marble bas-relief in the Ospedale di San Giacomo in Augusta, Rome.

Altar in the Salviati Chapel, San Gregorio Magno al Celio. With a relief of The Apparition of St Michael to St Gregory. Tabernacle, Sanctuary of Santa Maria della Quercia, Viterbo Two ciboria, in the Montemirabile Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo. Touring Club Italiano, Roma e Dintorni. Web Gallery of Art:Andrea Bregno

2012–13 Loyola Greyhounds men's basketball team

The 2012–13 Loyola Greyhounds men's basketball team represented Loyola University Maryland during the 2012–13 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. The Greyhounds, led by ninth year head coach Jimmy Patsos, played their home games at Reitz Arena and were members of the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference, they finished the season 12 -- 6 in MAAC play to finish in a tie for second place. They lost in the quarterfinals of the MAAC Tournament to Manhattan, they were invited to the 2013 CIT where they defeated Boston University and Kent State to advance to the quarterfinals where they lost ton East Carolina. This was their last year as members of the MAAC as they joined the Patriot League in July 2013