Year 1144 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. Catalan mercenary Reverter de La Guardia, the main Almoravid commander in the Maghrid al-Aqsa, dies, his elimination opens the regions to the troops of the Almohads. December 24 – The Siege of Edessa ends with the County of Edessa falling to Imad ad-Din Zengi of Mosul. Raymond of Poitiers, Prince of Antioch, sends Bishop Hugh of Jabala to seek the aid of Pope Eugene III, while Manuel I Comnenus brings Raymond under Byzantine influence. Louis VII of France capitulates to Pope Celestine II, so earns the pope's absolution. Normandy comes under Geoffrey of Anjou; the city of Montauban, France, is founded. The city of Ljubljana, Slovenia, is first mentioned in historical records. Giordano Pierleoni founds the revolutionary Commune of Rome; the Byzantines fail to reconquer Malta. March 12 – Pope Lucius II succeeds Pope Celestine II, as the 166th pope. March 22 – The first example of an anti-Semitic blood libel is recorded in England, in connection with the murder of William of Norwich.

June 11 – The Basilica of St Denis near Paris, in the Kingdom of France, is consecrated, as the first Gothic church. The Priory in Lesmahagow, Scotland, is founded by the Benedictines; the first Knights Templar stronghold is established in the Kingdom of Castile. Bohemund III of Antioch Empress Li Fengniang of China March 8 – Pope Celestine II March 22 – William of Norwich, English child murder victim May 23 – Petronilla of Lorraine, regent of Holland June 12 – Al-Zamakhshari, Persian scholar July 27 – Salomea of Berg, politically active High Duchess consort of Poland September – Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex

2008 Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao general election

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao general elections was held in the ARMM for the regional governor, vice-governor posts and election of members of the ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly on August 11, 2008. The electronic voting used is the first in Philippines election history; the P 500 million COMELEC's "ARMM balloting". Pursuant to Republic Act No. 9333 in which elections for the posts of Regional Governor and Regional Vice-Governor and members of the ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly must be held on the second Monday of August for every three years. ARMM had been used as a testing ground for computerized elections. On September 9, 1996, 42 optical scanners, from Nebraska-based American Information System were subject of the Senate Committee experiment led by Miriam Santiago, it found the machines defective. Again in the May 11, 1998 ARMM elections, the same machines were tested and were found defective, resulting to manual counting next day. On July 22, 2008, the COMELEC, using the present machines, conducted a successful “mock poll" and simulated the actual processes and procedure for the August 11 ARMM election.

The Philippines' first-ever Electronic voting polls had some 1.6 million Filipino-Muslims registered voters, who will elect a governor, vice governor and regional legislators for the ARMM. The Commission on Elections announced that it will be using 3,300 electronic voting machines in Maguindanao and 156 "automated counting machines" in Basilan, Tawi-Tawi, Shariff Kabunsuan, Lanao del Sur, it will using 2 technologies, namely Smartmatic-Sahi Direct Recording Electronic, while Optical scan voting system will be used in the 5 other provinces of the ARMM. These include the 17 automated counting machines brought by Commissioner Nicodemo Ferrer, head of the COMELEC's team in Basilan, to Lamitan and Isabela cities. 11,000 military personnel and 7,000 policemen or a total of 18,000-strong security force were placed to secure the polls. The historical first "fully" automation elections will not be disrupted by power outage, since each machine has a battery packs reserve power good for 16 hours. DRE or “touch screen electronic voting,” allows voters to "simply touch the pictures of candidates they wish to elect," and were for disabled and illiterate voters.

"No writing of names" is the principal feature of OMR machines. Voters have to shade the circles beside the candidates’ names. COMELEC has 9 counting machines in 5 precincts; each can count 100 ballots in a minute. A 24-digit randomly generated bar code identifies the ballot as emanating from a specific precinct, the OMR is programmed to count only ballots from designated precincts; the laptop’s keyboard is locked. The COMELEC, provided: AVANTE OMR SYSTEM CONTINUITY PLAN 08.08.2008 and SMARTMATIC-SAHI CONTIGENCY PLAN 08.08.2008 With these, the COMELEC predicted it would be able to proclaim the winning candidates in less than 36 hours. The COMELEC, identified election "hotspots," consisting of 668 barangays and 49. GMA Network's Reporter's Notebook, on August 12, 2008, aired a documentary on the Comelec 2008 "Election Automation." Comelec automation may reduce human intervention in votes counts, but the twin technologies used do not prevent vote-buying, disenfranchisement, other dirty tricks. Ballots cast cannot be traced by political operators.

PPCRV chair Henrietta De Villa said: “In the final analysis, the integrity of the elections depends on the board of election inspectors, the voters, the politicians, but they can’t change the results on the election returns. I would say that the space for cheating has narrowed.” The COMELEC, in its July 29, 2008 promulgated Resolution, SPP-08-006, 08.06.2008, accredited the Citizens Coalition For ARMM Electoral Reforms, Inc. as Citizens' Arm of the Commission on Elections in the provinces of Maguindanao, Shariff Kabunsuan, Lanao del Sur, Basilan and Tawi-Tawi, in the ARMM and the cities of Marawi and Lamitan, pursuant to Sec. 2, Art. IX of the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines and Sec. 52 of the Omnibus Election Code. Volunteers from the Legal Network for Truthful Elections, one of Comelec’s accredited citizens’ arms, were deployed in Basilan, Tawi-Tawi, Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao. Meanwhile, foreign observers led by Somsri Hananuntasuk, executive director of the Asian Network for Free Elections, composed of the 22-man foreign delegation from Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Thailand, arrived for their election observation mission.

The historical first, had been overshadowed by fears of violence due to the failed GRP-Moro Islamic Liberation Front Peace Panel Memorandum of Agreement on Ancestral Domain” of the “Bangsamoro Juridical Entity” or territory deal amid the Supreme Court of the Philippines' temporary brake. On August 4, the High Tribunal issued a Temporary Restraining Order directing representatives of the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front “to cease and desist from formally signing the MOA. In the consolidated petitions of officials from the province of North Cotabato represented by Governor Jesus Sacadalan and Vice Governor Emmanuel Piñol, as well as that of city officials of Zamboanga represented by Mayor Celso L. Lobregat, Rep. Ma. Isabelle G. Climaco, Rep. Erico Basilio A. Fabian, the Court ordered the Office of the Solicitor General to submit to the Court and to the petitioners copies of the final draft of the MOA not than Au

Baseball Federation of Asia

The Baseball Federation of Asia is the governing body of the sport of baseball in Asia. The federation is governed by the International Baseball Federation; the birth of Baseball Federation of Asia goes back to 1954 when the 2nd Asian Games was held in Manila, Philippines. The four countries of Korea, Japan and the Philippines organized a committee aiming at establishing Baseball Federation of Asia, May 7th of the same year witnessed the commencement of BFA. American expatriate Charles Chick Parsons of the Philippines was elected as the first president of Baseball Federation of Asia; the BFA became inactive for eight years following the 1975 Asian Baseball Championship. At the sidelines of the FEMBA World Baseball Championship in Tokyo in 1980, the executives of BFA discussed about resuming the activity of the federation; the Asian Baseball Championship was resumed in 1983, held in Seoul. The membership of the federation grew as more Asian nations were admitted to the BFA; the total number of BFA members at the present time is 24, 1 non-member observer State.

Cambodia is a member of the BFA, but not a member of the World Baseball Softball Confederation, according to the WBSC's website. Softball Confederation Asia Baseball at the Asian Games Asia Series Asia Winter Baseball League Baseball awards#Asia BFA Baseball Federation of Asia | Home