Year 1145 was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. Conquest of North Africa by the Almohads: The Banu Zayan of Tlemcen submit to the arriving Almohad armies; the Merinids of Maghrib al-Aqsa attempt to resist the Almohads, but are forced into the desert areas around the Tafilalt. Oran falls to the Almohads. A Norman raid against the Tripolitania region succeeds. Estimation: Merv becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Constantinople. February 15 – Pietro Bernardo Paganelli of Montemagno, Calci is elected as Pope Eugene III, succeeds Pope Lucius II as the 167th pope. Arnold of Brescia joins the revolutionary Commune of Rome, where he becomes its intellectual leader for the next decade. Kim Pusik and his team of historians finish the compilation of the Korean historical text Samguk Sagi. Construction begins on Notre-Dame de Chartres Cathedral in France. Woburn Abbey is founded by the Cistercians in England. December 1 – Pope Eugene III issues the bull Quantum praedecessores, calling for the Second Crusade.
At Christmas Louis VII of France announces his intention of making a pilgrimage which becomes part of the Crusade. Maria of Antioch, Byzantine Empress consort and regent Marie de Champagne, Countess regent of Champagne Frederick IV, Duke of Swabia Ibn Jubayr, Andalusian geographer and poet Manuel Komnenos, son of Andronikos Komnenos Al-Adil I, Ayyubid-Egyptian general and ruler Amalric II of Jerusalem Sayyid Muhammad Al-Makki, ancestor of the Bukkuri Sayyids date unknown Ruben III, Prince of Armenia Aoife MacMurrough, Irish noble, Lady of Leinster probable date Theodora Komnene, Queen of Jerusalem Pope Gregory IX February 15 – Pope Lucius II October 6 – Baldwin, archbishop of Pisa Zhang Zeduan, Chinese painter
Henri Marie Gabriel Blondeau was a French playwright and chansonnier, famous for his song Frou-frou. A clerk by a stockbroker, he became known in the early 1860s by his ditties in the cafés-concerts. With his friend Hector Monréal, they would collaborate during 40 years on the stages, his plays were presented on the most significant Parisian stages of the 19th century including the Théâtre de l'Ambigu-Comique, Théâtre des Folies-Dramatiques, Théâtre des Variétés, Théâtre du Château d'Eau. In 1870, during the Paris Commune, in association with Monréal, he ran a satirical newspaper called the Fils du Père Duchêne illustré. Pierre Larousse, Nouveau Larousse illustré, supplément 1898 et 1906, Jean Bergeaud, Je choisis... mon théâtre: Encyclopédie du théâtre, 1956, Voir sa fiche sur Artlyriquefr.fr La chanson Frou-frou on Youtube
Cathy Wilkes is a Northern Irish artist who lives and works in Glasgow. She makes sculpture and installations, she was the recipient of the Inaugural Maria Lassnig Prize in 2017 and was commissioned to create the British Pavilion in Venice in 2019. Wilkes was born in Dundonald near Belfast, she attended Glasgow School of Art from 1985 to 1988, subsequently completed an MFA at the University of Ulster in 1992. She works in Glasgow, her works feature items from daily life or items of a domestic nature, such as baking parchment, cups and biscuits. Wilkes represented Scotland at the Venice Biennale in 2005, will be representing the United Kingdom at the 2019 event. In 2008, Wilkes received a Turner Prize nomination in the "Sculpture, sound, performance" category. In 2017, Wilkes received the Inaugural Maria Lassnig Prize. Solo exhibitions include The Modern Institute, Transmission Gallery, Cubitt Gallery, London. Group exhibitions include ICA, London. Cathy Wilkes at Xavier Hufkens, Brussels Turner Prize 2008 at the Tate Guardian exhibition review – A review of her exhibition from 2001 in the Transmission Gallery.